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Information Management (151 - 160 of 759 items)
Intellectual Property: Leadership and Accountability Needed to Strengthen Federal Protection and Enforcement
GAO-08-921T: Published: Jun 17, 2008. Publicly Released: Jun 17, 2008.
U.S. government efforts to protect and enforce intellectual property (IP) rights domestically and overseas are crucial to preventing billions of dollars in losses to U.S. industry and IP rights owners. The illegal importation and distribution of IP-infringing goods also poses a threat to the health and safety of U.S. citizens. However, the challenges involved in IP protection are significant and r...
Information Management: Challenges in Implementing an Electronic Records Archive
GAO-08-738T: Published: May 14, 2008. Publicly Released: May 14, 2008.
Since 2001, the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) has been working to develop a modern Electronic Records Archives (ERA) system, a major information system that is intended to preserve and provide access to massive volumes of all types and formats of electronic records. The system is being developed incrementally over several years; the first system increment is to provide an ini...
Federal Records: Agencies Face Challenges in Managing E-Mail
GAO-08-699T: Published: Apr 23, 2008. Publicly Released: Apr 23, 2008.
Federal agencies are increasingly using electronic mail (e-mail) for essential communication. In doing so, they are potentially creating messages that have the status of federal records, which must be managed and preserved in accordance with the Federal Records Act. To carry out the records management responsibilities established in the act, agencies are to follow implementing regulations that inc...
Freedom of Information Act: Agencies Are Making Progress in Reducing Backlog, but Additional Guidance Is Needed
GAO-08-344: Published: Mar 14, 2008. Publicly Released: Apr 14, 2008.
Under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), federal agencies must generally provide access to their information, enabling the public to learn about government operations and decisions. To help ensure proper implementation, the act requires that agencies report annually to the Attorney General on their processing of FOIA requests. For fiscal year 2006, agencies were also to report on their progres...
Intellectual Property: Federal Enforcement Has Generally Increased, but Assessing Performance Could Strengthen Law Enforcement Efforts
GAO-08-157: Published: Mar 11, 2008. Publicly Released: Mar 18, 2008.
Federal law enforcement actions against criminals who manufacture and distribute counterfeit and pirated goods are important to enforcing intellectual property (IP) rights and protecting Americans from unsafe or substandard products. GAO was asked to: (1) examine key federal agencies' roles, priorities, and resources devoted to IP-related enforcement; (2) evaluate agencies' IP-related enforcement...
Bankruptcy and Child Support Enforcement: Improved Information Sharing Possible without Routine Data Matching
GAO-08-100: Published: Jan 23, 2008. Publicly Released: Jan 23, 2008.
Recognizing the importance of child support, the Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act of 2005 requires that if a parent with child support obligations files for bankruptcy, a bankruptcy trustee must notify the relevant custodial parent and state child support enforcement agency so that they may participate in the case. The act also required GAO to study the feasibility of matchi...
Intellectual Property: Risk and Enforcement Challenges
GAO-08-177T: Published: Oct 18, 2007. Publicly Released: Oct 18, 2007.
Intellectual property plays a significant role in the U.S. economy, and the United States is an acknowledged leader in its creation. Industries that relied on IP protection were estimated to account for over half of all U.S. exports and employed about 18 million Americans in 2006. However, legal protection of IP varies greatly around the world, and several countries are havens for the production o...
Information Management: The National Archives and Records Administration's Fiscal Year 2007 Expenditure Plan
GAO-07-987: Published: Jul 27, 2007. Publicly Released: Jul 27, 2007.
Since 2001, the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) has been working to acquire the Electronic Records Archives (ERA) system. As required by law, the agency submitted its fiscal year 2007 expenditure plan to congressional appropriations committees, seeking the release of $23.4 million for the development of the system. GAO's objectives in reviewing the expenditure plan were to (1)...
Higher Education: Information Sharing Could Help Institutions Identify and Address Challenges Some Asian Americans and Pacific Islander Students Face
GAO-07-925: Published: Jul 25, 2007. Publicly Released: Jul 25, 2007.
As a group, Asian American and Pacific Islanders represent about 5 percent of the U.S. population and hold about 8 percent of the college degrees. To better understand the educational attainment and average incomes of the subgroups that comprise this population, the Committee asked: 1) What are Asian American and Pacific Islander subgroups' educational attainment and household income levels? (2) W...
Social Security Numbers: Use is Widespread and Protection Could Be Improved
GAO-07-1023T: Published: Jun 21, 2007. Publicly Released: Jun 21, 2007.
Since its creation, the Social Security number (SSN) has evolved beyond its intended purpose to become the identifier of choice for public and private sector entities, and it is now used for myriad non-Social Security purposes. This is significant because a person's SSN, along with name and date of birth, are the key pieces of personal information used to perpetrate identity theft. Consequently, t...