All Topics » Human Capital
Human Capital (31 - 40 of 3,203 items) in Custom Date Range
Federal Workforce: Improved Supervision and Better Use of Probationary Periods Are Needed to Address Substandard Employee Performance
GAO-15-191: Published: Feb 6, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 9, 2015.
Federal agencies have three avenues to address employees' poor performance:Day-to-day performance management activities (such as providing regular performance feedback to employees) can produce more desirable outcomes for agencies and employees than dismissal options. However, supervisors do not always have effective skills, such as the ability to identify, communicate, and help address employee p...
Results-Oriented Management: OPM Needs to Do More to Ensure Meaningful Distinctions Are Made in SES Ratings and Performance Awards
GAO-15-189: Published: Jan 22, 2015. Publicly Released: Feb 23, 2015.
In 2012, the Office of Personnel Management (OPM) facilitated development of a new Senior Executive Service (SES) performance appraisal system with a more uniform framework to communicate expectations and evaluate the performance of executive branch agency SES members. The new system is expected to promote consistency, clarity, and transferability of performance standards and ratings across agenci...
Federal Workforce: OPM and Agencies Need to Strengthen Efforts to Identify and Close Mission-Critical Skills Gaps
GAO-15-223: Published: Jan 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Jan 30, 2015.
Lessons learned from initial efforts to try to close skills gaps could strengthen future approaches. For example, the Chief Human Capital Officer (CHCO) Council Working Group (Working Group) identified skills gaps in six government-wide occupations, such as cybersecurity and auditors. Although this effort was an important step forward, GAO's work has identified skills gaps in nearly two dozen occu...
Defense Base Act Insurance: State Department Should Evaluate Its Open Market System and Incorporate Leading Practices into Any Future Single Insurer Solicitation
GAO-15-194: Published: Jan 6, 2015. Publicly Released: Jan 6, 2015.
The Department of State (State) did not follow leading acquisition practices in transitioning from a single insurer Defense Base Act (DBA) program to an open market system. Leading practices emphasize adequately documenting market research, allowing enough time to complete a solicitation, and collecting and analyzing data to select among alternatives, but State took limited measures to document th...
Human Capital: OPM Needs to Better Analyze and Manage Dual Compensation Waiver Data
GAO-15-252: Published: Dec 29, 2014. Publicly Released: Jan 5, 2015.
Agencies' use of reemployed annuitants has increased, with the number of on-board retired uniformed and civil service annuitants increasing from over 95,000 in fiscal year 2004 to around 171,000 in fiscal year 2013 (from about 5 percent to 8 percent of the federal workforce). This is inclusive of reemployed annuitants with and without dual compensation waivers. The Department of Defense (DOD) acco...
Labor Relations Activities: Actions Needed to Improve Tracking and Reporting of the Use and Cost of Official Time
GAO-15-9: Published: Oct 23, 2014. Publicly Released: Nov 18, 2014.
The ten agencies GAO reviewed reported using 2.5 million official time hours in fiscal year 2013 compared to about 2 million hours in fiscal year 2006. Although the total number of hours charged increased by 25 percent, 7 of the 10 selected agencies reported lower official time rates in fiscal year 2013 as compared to fiscal year 2006. Three agencies reported increased official time rates over the...
U.S. Postal Service: Status of Workforce Reductions and Related Planning Efforts
GAO-15-43: Published: Nov 13, 2014. Publicly Released: Nov 13, 2014.
From fiscal years 2006 through 2013, the U.S. Postal Service (USPS) decreased the size of its workforce and the number of employee work hours through retirements, attrition, and initiatives to streamline its operations. According to USPS's data, its workforce declined during this period from approximately 796,000 to 618,000 employees, or by about 22 percent. The total number of work hours also dec...
Health Resources and Services Administration: Action Taken to Train and Oversee Grantee Monitoring Staff, but Certain Guidance Could Be Improved
GAO-14-800: Published: Sep 23, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 23, 2014.
In 2012, the Department of Health and Human Services' (HHS) Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) began systematically developing guidance for the key staff involved in grantee monitoring—project officers in its programmatic bureaus and grants management specialists and financial integrity staff in its Office of Federal Assistance Management (OFAM). Specifically, HRSA issued the fi...
DHS Training: Improved Documentation, Resource Tracking, and Performance Measurement Could Strengthen Efforts
GAO-14-688: Published: Sep 10, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 10, 2014.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has processes to evaluate training, track resources, and assess leader development. However, various actions could better position the department to maximize the impact of its training efforts.Training evaluation: All five DHS components in GAO's review—U.S. Customs and Border Protection, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, the U.S. Coast Guard, t...
Military Personnel: DOD Needs to Update General and Flag Officer Requirements and Improve Availability of Associated Costs
GAO-14-745: Published: Sep 9, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 9, 2014.
The general and flag officer (GFO) population (i.e., officers ranked at or above brigadier general or rear admiral) experienced higher rates of growth than the enlisted population since fiscal year (FY) 2001. The Department of Defense (DOD) has not comprehensively updated GFO requirements—the number of GFOs needed to fill positions—since 2003 to reflect changes in the active duty force nor has...