Federal agencies (1 - 10 of 60 items)
Federal Hiring: OPM Needs to Improve Management and Oversight of Hiring Authorities
GAO-16-521: Published: Aug 2, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 1, 2016.
A hiring authority is the law, executive order, or regulation that allows an agency to hire a person into the federal civil service. Of the 105 hiring authorities used in fiscal year 2014, agencies relied on 20 for 91 percent of the 196,226 new appointments made that year. Office of Personnel Management (OPM) officials said they do not know if agencies rely on a small number of authorities because...
Federal Protective Service: Enhancements to Performance Measures and Data Quality Processes Could Improve Human Capital Planning
GAO-16-384: Published: Mar 24, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 24, 2016.
The Federal Protective Service (FPS)—which protects about 9,500 federal facilities—developed a Strategic Human Capital Plan ( Plan ) and engaged in related efforts that generally align with most key principles GAO identified for strategic workforce planning. Specifically, FPSsolicited input from key stakeholders, such as its employees and the National Protection and Programs Directorate (NPPD)...
Human Capital: Update on Strategic Management Challenges for the 21st Century
GAO-15-619T: Published: May 20, 2015. Publicly Released: May 20, 2015.
Serious human capital shortfalls can erode the capacity of federal agencies and threaten their ability to cost-effectively carry out their missions. GAO's prior work has shown that continued attention is needed to ensure agencies have the human resources to drive performance and achieve the results the nation demands. Key areas where the federal government has taken some actions but additional att...
Federal Workforce: OPM and Agencies Need to Strengthen Efforts to Identify and Close Mission-Critical Skills Gaps
GAO-15-223: Published: Jan 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Jan 30, 2015.
Lessons learned from initial efforts to try to close skills gaps could strengthen future approaches. For example, the Chief Human Capital Officer (CHCO) Council Working Group (Working Group) identified skills gaps in six government-wide occupations, such as cybersecurity and auditors. Although this effort was an important step forward, GAO's work has identified skills gaps in nearly two dozen occu...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Workforce Decisions Could Benefit from Better Linkage to Missions and Use of Leading Practices
GAO-14-288: Published: Mar 31, 2014. Publicly Released: Apr 30, 2014.
From fiscal years 2003 to 2012, the size of the workforces declined at the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) service center agencies—the Farm Service Agency (FSA), Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), and Rural Development (RD). The size of USDA's service center agencies declined by a higher percentage from fiscal years 2011 to 2012 than the average annual percent decline from fi...
Federal Workforce: Recent Trends in Federal Civilian Employment and Compensation
GAO-14-215: Published: Jan 29, 2014. Publicly Released: Jan 29, 2014.
From 2004 to 2012, the federal non-postal civilian workforce grew by 258,882 employees, from 1.88 million to 2.13 million (14 percent). Permanent career employees accounted for most of the growth, increasing by 256,718 employees, from 1.7 million in 2004 to 1.96 million in 2012 (15 percent). Three agencies--the Departments of Defense (DOD), Homeland Security (DHS), and Veterans Affairs (VA)--accou...
Cybersecurity Human Capital: Initiatives Need Better Planning and Coordination
GAO-12-8: Published: Nov 29, 2011. Publicly Released: Nov 29, 2011.
Threats to federal information technology (IT) infrastructure and systems continue to grow in number and sophistication. The ability to make federal IT infrastructure and systems secure depends on the knowledge, skills, and abilities of the federal and contractor workforce that implements and maintains these systems. In light of the importance of recruiting and retaining cybersecurity personnel, G...
Federal Facility Security: Staffing Approaches Used by Selected Agencies
GAO-11-601: Published: Jun 30, 2011. Publicly Released: Aug 1, 2011.
The Federal Protective Service (FPS) within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) provides security and law enforcement services to over 9,000 federal facilities through its federal and contract security workforce. Over the years, GAO has made numerous recommendations to address significant weaknesses in FPS's oversight and management of its security workforce. Legislation has been introduced...
DOD Civilian Personnel: Competency Gap Analyses and Other Actions Needed to Enhance DOD's Strategic Workforce Plans
GAO-11-827T: Published: Jul 14, 2011. Publicly Released: Jul 14, 2011.
Since 2001, strategic human capital management for federal agencies has been on GAO's high-risk list. Although some progress has been made, GAO reported in February 2011 that the area remains on the high-risk list because of the need for agencies, including DOD, to address current and emerging skill gaps that are undermining their ability to fulfill their missions. The Department of Defense (DOD)...
Sourcing Policy: Initial Agency Efforts to Balance the Government to Contractor Mix in the Multisector Workforce
GAO-10-744T: Published: May 20, 2010. Publicly Released: May 20, 2010.
Federal agencies face a complicated set of decisions in finding the right mix of government and contractor personnel to conduct their missions. While contractors, when properly used, can play an important role in helping agencies accomplish their missions, GAO has found that agencies face challenges with increased reliance on contractors to perform core agency missions. Congress and the Executive...