Labor force (11 - 20 of 274 items)
Contingent Workforce: Size, Characteristics, Earnings, and Benefits
GAO-15-168R: Published: Apr 20, 2015. Publicly Released: May 20, 2015.
The size of the contingent workforce as a proportion of the total U.S. employed labor force can range widely, depending on how it is defined. Narrower definitions generally focus on employment that is temporary, and can result in estimates of less than 5 percent. Broader definitions include various employment arrangements, such as on-call, part-time, and self-employment, among others, and can resu...
U.S. Postal Service: Status of Workforce Reductions and Related Planning Efforts
GAO-15-43: Published: Nov 13, 2014. Publicly Released: Nov 13, 2014.
From fiscal years 2006 through 2013, the U.S. Postal Service (USPS) decreased the size of its workforce and the number of employee work hours through retirements, attrition, and initiatives to streamline its operations. According to USPS's data, its workforce declined during this period from approximately 796,000 to 618,000 employees, or by about 22 percent. The total number of work hours also dec...
Small Business Administration: Office of Advocacy Needs to Improve Controls over Research, Regulatory, and Workforce Planning Activities
GAO-14-525: Published: Jul 22, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 22, 2014.
The Office of Advocacy (Advocacy) within the Small Business Administration (SBA) fulfills its mission by researching small business issues and providing input into federal rulemaking and related regulatory activities. However, GAO identified key areas in Advocacy's system of internal control that could be improved.Research. GAO found that Advocacy did not ensure that its staff monitored the quali...
Human Capital: DOD Should Fully Develop Its Civilian Strategic Workforce Plan to Aid Decision Makers
GAO-14-565: Published: Jul 9, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 9, 2014.
The Department of Defense's (DOD) Fiscal Year 2013-2018 Strategic Workforce Plan addressed or partially addressed 27 of the 32 statutory reporting requirements and did not address 5 of the requirements. The statute requires DOD, for example, to conduct assessments of critical skills and competencies, to assess gaps in the workforce, and to assess the appropriate mix of civilian, military, and cont...
Human Capital: Strategies to Help Agencies Meet Their Missions in an Era of Highly Constrained Resources
GAO-14-168: Published: May 7, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 6, 2014.
GAO convened a forum of chief human capital officers (CHCO) who described a number of difficulties their agencies face in maintaining the capacity to meet their missions during lean fiscal times. GAO's analysis identified three broad recurring human capital challenges and strategies to address them. While these challenges were not new nor exclusively a result of constrained budgets, reduced resour...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Workforce Decisions Could Benefit from Better Linkage to Missions and Use of Leading Practices
GAO-14-288: Published: Mar 31, 2014. Publicly Released: Apr 30, 2014.
From fiscal years 2003 to 2012, the size of the workforces declined at the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) service center agencies—the Farm Service Agency (FSA), Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), and Rural Development (RD). The size of USDA's service center agencies declined by a higher percentage from fiscal years 2011 to 2012 than the average annual percent decline from fi...
Health Care Workforce: Federal Investments in Training and the Availability of Data for Workforce Projections
GAO-14-510T: Published: Apr 9, 2014. Publicly Released: Apr 9, 2014.
GAO found that there is substantial federal funding for health care workforce training programs but that obtaining comprehensive information about the scope of such programs is challenging. In GAO's August 2013 report on the federal role in health care workforce training, GAO found that four federal departments—the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), the Department of Veterans Affairs...
Securities and Exchange Commission: Improving Personnel Management Is Critical for Agency's Effectiveness
GAO-13-621: Published: Jul 18, 2013. Publicly Released: Jul 18, 2013.
Based on analysis of views from Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) employees and previous studies from GAO, SEC, and third parties, GAO determined that SECs organizational culture is not constructive and could hinder its ability to effectively fulfill its mission. Organizations with constructive cultures are more effective and employees also exhibit a stronger commitment to mission foc...
Human Capital: Additional Steps Needed to Help Determine the Right Size and Composition of DOD's Total Workforce
GAO-13-470: Published: May 29, 2013. Publicly Released: May 29, 2013.
Since fiscal year 2001, the Department of Defense's (DOD) military and civilian workforces peaked in fiscal year 2011 at 3.1 million personnel combined, and is projected to decrease over the next five years to below the fiscal year 2001 level of 2.9 million. Comparable historical data on DOD's contractor workforce are not available. In fiscal year 2011, DOD reported that it contracted for services...
Diversity Management: Trends and Practices in the Financial Services Industry and Agencies after the Recent Financial Crisis
GAO-13-238: Published: Apr 16, 2013. Publicly Released: May 16, 2013.
Management-level representation of minorities and women in the financial services industry and among federal financial agencies and Federal Reserve Banks (Reserve Banks) has not changed substantially from 2007 through 2011. Industry representation of minorities in 2011 was higher in lower-level management positions--about 20 percent--compared to about 11 percent of senior-level manager positions....