Labor force (31 - 40 of 276 items)
Human Capital Management: Effectively Implementing Reforms and Closing Critical Skills Gaps Are Key to Addressing Federal Workforce Challenges
GAO-12-1023T: Published: Sep 19, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 19, 2012.
Since 2001, Congress, the Office of Personnel Management (OPM), and executive branch agencies have taken action to address the government's human capital challenges. For example, in 2002, Congress passed legislation creating the CHCO Council, composed of the Chief Human Capital Officers (CHCO) of 24 executive agencies and chaired by the Director of OPM. In 2004, through the Federal Workforce Flexi...
DOD Civilian Workforce: Observations on DOD's Efforts to Plan for Civilian Workforce Requirements
GAO-12-962T: Published: Jul 26, 2012. Publicly Released: Jul 26, 2012.
Prior Department of Defense (DOD) civilian workforce downsizing efforts in the 1990s were not oriented toward shaping the makeup of the workforce, resulting in significant imbalances in terms of shape, skills, and retirement eligibility. Specifically, in a series of reviews GAO found that DODs efforts in the 1990s to reduce its federal civilian workforce to levels below that of 1987 were ham...
Defense Acquisition Workforce: Improved Processes, Guidance, and Planning Needed to Enhance Use of Workforce Funds
GAO-12-747R: Published: Jun 20, 2012. Publicly Released: Jun 21, 2012.
DOD has identified DAWDF as a key tool used to address gaps in the acquisition workforce through additional hiring and training initiatives. For example, DOD officials noted they used DAWDF funds to hire about 5,855 new acquisition staff through fiscal year 2011 and enabled the Defense Acquisition University to provide 19,000 additional classroom seats, among other improvements. However, DODs ab...
Disaster Assistance Workforce: FEMA Could Enhance Human Capital Management and Training
GAO-12-538: Published: May 25, 2012. Publicly Released: Jun 1, 2012.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has taken steps to enhance its management of the Disaster Assistance Employee (DAE) program, such as through the establishment of a credentialing program, the FEMA Qualification System (FQS); however, management controls and training could be strengthened. For example, FEMA does not monitor how the regions implement DAE policies and how DAEs implement...
Federal Emergency Management Agency: Workforce Planning and Training Could Be Enhanced by Incorporating Strategic Management Principles
GAO-12-487: Published: Apr 26, 2012. Publicly Released: Apr 26, 2012.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) is taking steps to integrate its workforce planning and training efforts across the agency consistent with critical success factors for strategic human capital management such as initiating working groups to coordinate related activities, but its efforts are in the early stages. Until recently FEMAs efforts related to workforce planning have been in...
Modernizing the Nuclear Security Enterprise: Strategies and Challenges in Sustaining Critical Skills in Federal and Contractor Workforces
GAO-12-468: Published: Apr 26, 2012. Publicly Released: Apr 26, 2012.
The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) and its M&O contractors have developed and implemented multifaceted strategies to recruit, develop, and retain both the federal and contractor workforces needed to preserve critical skills in the enterprise. NNSAs recruiting and retention efforts for its federal staff focus on attracting early career hires with competitive pay and developme...
Unemployment Insurance: Economic Circumstances of Individuals Who Exhausted Benefits
GAO-12-408: Published: Feb 17, 2012. Publicly Released: Feb 17, 2012.
Among the 15 million workers who lost jobs from 2007 to 2009, half received Unemployment Insurance (UI), and about one-fourth of the recipients exhausted UI benefits by January 2010. This represents 2 million displaced workers who exhausted UI as of early 2010, the most recent survey data available. Labor estimated that about an additional 3-1/2 million individuals exhausted benefits in 2010 and 2...
Cybersecurity Human Capital: Initiatives Need Better Planning and Coordination
GAO-12-8: Published: Nov 29, 2011. Publicly Released: Nov 29, 2011.
Threats to federal information technology (IT) infrastructure and systems continue to grow in number and sophistication. The ability to make federal IT infrastructure and systems secure depends on the knowledge, skills, and abilities of the federal and contractor workforce that implements and maintains these systems. In light of the importance of recruiting and retaining cybersecurity personnel, G...
Acquisition Workforce: DOD's Efforts to Rebuild Capacity Have Shown Some Progress
GAO-12-232T: Published: Nov 16, 2011. Publicly Released: Nov 16, 2011.
The Department of Defense (DOD) is the government's largest buying entity and has recognized that rebuilding the acquisition workforce is a strategic priority. The federal government's current budget and long-term fiscal pressures underscore the importance of a capable and well-functioning workforce. GAO and others have long recognized that the size and capabilities of the workforce across the gov...
Gender Pay Differences: Progress Made, but Women Remain Overrepresented among Low-Wage Workers
GAO-12-10: Published: Oct 12, 2011. Publicly Released: Nov 3, 2011.
Women represent an increasingly larger share of the total workforce in the United States--constituting nearly half of the total workforce. In addition, an increasing proportion of women in the workforce are more educated. However, research by GAO and others has shown that women's average pay has been and remains lower than that of men. Questions have been raised about the extent to which less-adva...