Federal workforce (1 - 10 of 31 items)
Federal Workforce: Lessons Learned for Engaging Millennials and Other Age Groups
GAO-16-880T: Published: Sep 29, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 29, 2016.
Employees 39 years of age and younger represented approximately 45 percent of the United States employed civilian labor force and about 30 percent of the civilian federal workforce in fiscal year 2014. This group includes the millennial generation. The percent of millennials within the federal workforce varies by agency and agencies that have high rates of retirement eligibility also tend to have...
Federal Workforce: Opportunities Exist to Improve Data on Selected Groups of Special Government Employees
GAO-16-548: Published: Jul 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Aug 15, 2016.
Federal agencies made limited use of special government employees (SGE) not serving on federal boards. As of December 2014, approximately 3 percent of SGEs (1,138 of 40,424) were working as experts or consultants and not serving on federal boards, according to the Office of Government Ethics (OGE). Over a 10-year period (2005 to 2014), GAO found that agencies used an annual average of approximatel...
Federal Workforce: Distribution of Performance Ratings Across the Federal Government, 2013
GAO-16-520R: Published: May 9, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 8, 2016.
In calendar year 2013 (the most recent data available at the time of our review), of approximately 1.2 million permanent, non-Senior Executive Service (SES) employees at the 24 Chief Financial Officers (CFO) Act agencies, GAO found that about 71.4 percent (or about 836,900 employees) were rated using a 5-level performance appraisal system. This was followed by a 2-level pass/fail system (about 12...
Federal Workforce: Preliminary Observations on Strengthening Employee Engagement During Challenging Times
GAO-15-529T: Published: Apr 16, 2015. Publicly Released: Apr 16, 2015.
GAO's ongoing work indicates that the recent government-wide decline in engagement, as measured by the Office of Personnel Management's (OPM) Employee Engagement Index (EEI) masks the fact that the majority of federal agencies either sustained or increased employee engagement levels during the same period. Government-wide, engagement has declined 4 percentage points from an estimated 67 percent in...
Federal Workforce: Improved Supervision and Better Use of Probationary Periods Are Needed to Address Substandard Employee Performance
GAO-15-191: Published: Feb 6, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 9, 2015.
Federal agencies have three avenues to address employees' poor performance:Day-to-day performance management activities (such as providing regular performance feedback to employees) can produce more desirable outcomes for agencies and employees than dismissal options. However, supervisors do not always have effective skills, such as the ability to identify, communicate, and help address employee p...
Federal Workforce: OPM and Agencies Need to Strengthen Efforts to Identify and Close Mission-Critical Skills Gaps
GAO-15-223: Published: Jan 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Jan 30, 2015.
Lessons learned from initial efforts to try to close skills gaps could strengthen future approaches. For example, the Chief Human Capital Officer (CHCO) Council Working Group (Working Group) identified skills gaps in six government-wide occupations, such as cybersecurity and auditors. Although this effort was an important step forward, GAO's work has identified skills gaps in nearly two dozen occu...
Human Capital: OPM Needs to Improve the Design, Management, and Oversight of the Federal Classification System
GAO-14-677: Published: Jul 31, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 2, 2014.
GAO's analysis of subject matter specialists' comments, related literature, and interviews with Office of Personnel Management (OPM) officials identified a number of important characteristics for a modern, effective classification system, which GAO consolidated into eight key attributes (see table below). GAO's analysis shows that in concept the current General Schedule (GS) classification system'...
Federal Workforce: Human Capital Management Challenges and the Path to Reform
GAO-14-723T: Published: Jul 15, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 15, 2014.
Serious human capital shortfalls can erode the capacity of federal agencies and threaten their ability to cost-effectively carry out their missions. While progress has been made, continued attention is needed to ensure agencies have the human resources to drive performance and achieve the results the nation demands. Specifically, additional areas needing to be addressed include:Classification GAO'...
Federal Workforce: Recent Trends in Federal Civilian Employment and Compensation
GAO-14-215: Published: Jan 29, 2014. Publicly Released: Jan 29, 2014.
From 2004 to 2012, the federal non-postal civilian workforce grew by 258,882 employees, from 1.88 million to 2.13 million (14 percent). Permanent career employees accounted for most of the growth, increasing by 256,718 employees, from 1.7 million in 2004 to 1.96 million in 2012 (15 percent). Three agencies--the Departments of Defense (DOD), Homeland Security (DHS), and Veterans Affairs (VA)--accou...
Human Capital Management: Effectively Implementing Reforms and Closing Critical Skills Gaps Are Key to Addressing Federal Workforce Challenges
GAO-12-1023T: Published: Sep 19, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 19, 2012.
Since 2001, Congress, the Office of Personnel Management (OPM), and executive branch agencies have taken action to address the government's human capital challenges. For example, in 2002, Congress passed legislation creating the CHCO Council, composed of the Chief Human Capital Officers (CHCO) of 24 executive agencies and chaired by the Director of OPM. In 2004, through the Federal Workforce Flexi...