Human capital (1 - 10 of 43 items)
Federal Workforce: Lessons Learned for Engaging Millennials and Other Age Groups
GAO-16-880T: Published: Sep 29, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 29, 2016.
Employees 39 years of age and younger represented approximately 45 percent of the United States employed civilian labor force and about 30 percent of the civilian federal workforce in fiscal year 2014. This group includes the millennial generation. The percent of millennials within the federal workforce varies by agency and agencies that have high rates of retirement eligibility also tend to have...
Federal Hiring: OPM Needs to Improve Management and Oversight of Hiring Authorities
GAO-16-521: Published: Aug 2, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 1, 2016.
A hiring authority is the law, executive order, or regulation that allows an agency to hire a person into the federal civil service. Of the 105 hiring authorities used in fiscal year 2014, agencies relied on 20 for 91 percent of the 196,226 new appointments made that year. Office of Personnel Management (OPM) officials said they do not know if agencies rely on a small number of authorities because...
Federal Workforce: Opportunities Exist to Improve Data on Selected Groups of Special Government Employees
GAO-16-548: Published: Jul 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Aug 15, 2016.
Federal agencies made limited use of special government employees (SGE) not serving on federal boards. As of December 2014, approximately 3 percent of SGEs (1,138 of 40,424) were working as experts or consultants and not serving on federal boards, according to the Office of Government Ethics (OGE). Over a 10-year period (2005 to 2014), GAO found that agencies used an annual average of approximatel...
Human Capital: OPM Needs to Better Analyze and Manage Dual Compensation Waiver Data
GAO-15-252: Published: Dec 29, 2014. Publicly Released: Jan 5, 2015.
Agencies' use of reemployed annuitants has increased, with the number of on-board retired uniformed and civil service annuitants increasing from over 95,000 in fiscal year 2004 to around 171,000 in fiscal year 2013 (from about 5 percent to 8 percent of the federal workforce). This is inclusive of reemployed annuitants with and without dual compensation waivers. The Department of Defense (DOD) acco...
Human Capital: OPM Needs to Improve the Design, Management, and Oversight of the Federal Classification System
GAO-14-677: Published: Jul 31, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 2, 2014.
GAO's analysis of subject matter specialists' comments, related literature, and interviews with Office of Personnel Management (OPM) officials identified a number of important characteristics for a modern, effective classification system, which GAO consolidated into eight key attributes (see table below). GAO's analysis shows that in concept the current General Schedule (GS) classification system'...
Human Capital: Agencies Should More Fully Evaluate the Costs and Benefits of Executive Training
GAO-14-132: Published: Jan 31, 2014. Publicly Released: Mar 4, 2014.
Chief Human Capital Officers (CHCO) from 26 agencies reported that, from fiscal years 2008 through 2012, they spent almost $57 million (in constant 2012 dollars) on executive training provided by external providers. CHCOs reported using the Office of Personnel Management (OPM) Federal Executive Institute and the Harvard Kennedy School of Government most often. Agencies are required to maintain rec...
Department of Homeland Security: DHS's Efforts to Improve Employee Morale and Fill Senior Leadership Vacancies
GAO-14-228T: Published: Dec 12, 2013. Publicly Released: Dec 12, 2013.
In September 2012, GAO reported that Department of Homeland Security (DHS) employees identified having lower average morale than the average for the rest of the federal government, but morale varied across components. Specifically, GAO found that, according to the Office of Personnel Management's 2011 Federal Employee Viewpoint Survey (FEVS), DHS employees had 4.5 percentage points lower job satis...
Cybersecurity Human Capital: Initiatives Need Better Planning and Coordination
GAO-12-8: Published: Nov 29, 2011. Publicly Released: Nov 29, 2011.
Threats to federal information technology (IT) infrastructure and systems continue to grow in number and sophistication. The ability to make federal IT infrastructure and systems secure depends on the knowledge, skills, and abilities of the federal and contractor workforce that implements and maintains these systems. In light of the importance of recruiting and retaining cybersecurity personnel, G...
Defense Acquisition Workforce: DOD's Training Program Demonstrates Many Attributes of Effectiveness, but Improvement Is Needed
GAO-11-22: Published: Oct 28, 2010. Publicly Released: Oct 28, 2010.
The President has announced his intention to improve the acquisition process, particularly given the half a trillion dollars the federal government spent in fiscal year 2009 on acquiring goods and services. The Department of Defense (DOD) spent $384 billion in fiscal year 2009 on goods and services--double what it spent in 2001. A high-quality workforce with the right competencies and skill sets w...
Sourcing Policy: Initial Agency Efforts to Balance the Government to Contractor Mix in the Multisector Workforce
GAO-10-744T: Published: May 20, 2010. Publicly Released: May 20, 2010.
Federal agencies face a complicated set of decisions in finding the right mix of government and contractor personnel to conduct their missions. While contractors, when properly used, can play an important role in helping agencies accomplish their missions, GAO has found that agencies face challenges with increased reliance on contractors to perform core agency missions. Congress and the Executive...