Defense capabilities (1 - 10 of 34 items)
Military Compensation: Additional Actions Are Needed to Better Manage Special and Incentive Pay Programs
GAO-17-39: Published: Feb 3, 2017. Publicly Released: Feb 3, 2017.
The Department of Defense's (DOD) special and incentive (S&I) pay obligations for active duty servicemembers decreased from fiscal years 2005 through 2015 from $5.8 billion to $3.4 billion (about 42 percent) in constant 2015 dollars (see fig.). DOD officials attributed the decrease to a combination of reduced overseas contingency operations, a reduced annual average strength of the force, and a fa...
Human Capital: Additional Actions Needed to Enhance DOD's Efforts to Address Mental Health Care Stigma
GAO-16-404: Published: Apr 18, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 18, 2016.
Military servicemembers' perceive that a stigma exists with seeking mental health care, but little information is known about Department of Defense (DOD) deployed civilian perceptions. GAO's analysis of the most recently available data from a DOD-wide survey found that about 37 percent of active duty servicemembers in 2011 and 39 percent of reservists in the 2010/2011 timeframe responded that they...
Defense Acquisition Workforce: Actions Needed to Guide Planning Efforts and Improve Workforce Capability
GAO-16-80: Published: Dec 14, 2015. Publicly Released: Dec 14, 2015.
The Department of Defense (DOD) has increased the size of its acquisition workforce from about 126,000 in September 2008 to about 153,000 in March 2015. The growth was accomplished by hiring additional civilian personnel, insourcing work previously performed by contractors, adding more military personnel, and re-categorizing existing positions. However, 6 of the 13 acquisition career fields, inclu...
Military Personnel: DOD Needs to Update General and Flag Officer Requirements and Improve Availability of Associated Costs
GAO-14-745: Published: Sep 9, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 9, 2014.
The general and flag officer (GFO) population (i.e., officers ranked at or above brigadier general or rear admiral) experienced higher rates of growth than the enlisted population since fiscal year (FY) 2001. The Department of Defense (DOD) has not comprehensively updated GFO requirements—the number of GFOs needed to fill positions—since 2003 to reflect changes in the active duty force nor has...
Human Capital: DOD Should Fully Develop Its Civilian Strategic Workforce Plan to Aid Decision Makers
GAO-14-565: Published: Jul 9, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 9, 2014.
The Department of Defense's (DOD) Fiscal Year 2013-2018 Strategic Workforce Plan addressed or partially addressed 27 of the 32 statutory reporting requirements and did not address 5 of the requirements. The statute requires DOD, for example, to conduct assessments of critical skills and competencies, to assess gaps in the workforce, and to assess the appropriate mix of civilian, military, and cont...
Air Force: Actions Needed to Strengthen Management of Unmanned Aerial System Pilots
GAO-14-316: Published: Apr 10, 2014. Publicly Released: Apr 10, 2014.
The Air Force has managed its remotely piloted aircraft (RPA) pilots using some strategic human-capital approaches, such as planning for the different levels of experience that it needs in these pilots. However, it continues to face challenges. High-performing organizations manage human capital to identify the right number of personnel and to target the right sources to fill personnel needs. In 20...
Imminent Danger Pay: Actions Needed Regarding Pay Designations in the U.S. Central Command Area of Responsibility
GAO-14-230R: Published: Jan 30, 2014. Publicly Released: Jan 30, 2014.
The Department of Defense (DOD) obligated more than $1 billion in imminent danger pay from fiscal years 2010 through 2013 in the U.S. Central Command's area of responsibility, excluding Afghanistan, according to data from the military services. In June 2011, the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness requested the geographic Combatant Commands to assess existing immin...
Human Capital: Opportunities Exist to Further Improve DOD's Methodology for Estimating the Costs of Its Workforces
GAO-13-792: Published: Sep 25, 2013. Publicly Released: Sep 25, 2013.
The Department of Defense (DOD) has improved its methodology for estimating and comparing the full cost to the taxpayer of work performed by military and civilian personnel and contractor support, but the methodology continues to have certain limitations. Best practices state that cost estimating rules should include a common set of standards that minimize conflicts in definitions, but DOD's metho...
Defense Acquisition Workforce: The Air Force Needs to Evaluate Changes in Funding for Civilians Engaged in Space Acquisition
GAO-13-638: Published: Jul 8, 2013. Publicly Released: Jul 8, 2013.
The Air Force did not evaluate its pilot program that moved funding for Space and Missile Systems Center (SMC) acquisition civilian personnel from its 1-year Operation and Maintenance (O&M) appropriation to its 2-year Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation (RDT&E) appropriation. In addition, the Air Force is considering using this pilot program to inform funding changes for other sections of...
Human Capital: Additional Steps Needed to Help Determine the Right Size and Composition of DOD's Total Workforce
GAO-13-470: Published: May 29, 2013. Publicly Released: May 29, 2013.
Since fiscal year 2001, the Department of Defense's (DOD) military and civilian workforces peaked in fiscal year 2011 at 3.1 million personnel combined, and is projected to decrease over the next five years to below the fiscal year 2001 level of 2.9 million. Comparable historical data on DOD's contractor workforce are not available. In fiscal year 2011, DOD reported that it contracted for services...