Best practices (1 - 10 of 56 items) in Custom Date Range
Grants Management: EPA Partially Follows Leading Practices of Strategic Workforce Planning and Could Take Additional Steps
GAO-17-144: Published: Jan 9, 2017. Publicly Released: Feb 8, 2017.
Staffing levels for U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) grants management personnel generally declined during fiscal years 2006 through 2015, but it is unclear how workloads may have changed during this time frame. Specifically, the number of grant specialists and project officers—EPA's key grants management personnel—who entered information about grant actions into the agency's automat...
Veterans Health Administration: Management Attention Is Needed to Address Systemic, Long-standing Human Capital Challenges
GAO-17-30: Published: Dec 23, 2016. Publicly Released: Jan 23, 2017.
The Veterans Health Administration's (VHA) limited human resources (HR) capacity combined with weak internal control practices has undermined VHA's HR operations and its ability to improve delivery of health care services to veterans.Attrition of medical center HR staff increased between fiscal years 2013 and 2015, due to HR staff transferring to other federal agencies. VHA officials note a lack o...
IT Workforce: Key Practices Help Ensure Strong Integrated Program Teams; Selected Departments Need to Assess Skill Gaps
GAO-17-8: Published: Nov 30, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 30, 2016.
Integrated program teams (IPT) are cross-functional or multidisciplinary groups of individuals that are organized and collectively responsible for delivering a product to an external or internal customer. GAO identified three characteristics that contribute to the creation and operation of a comprehensive IPT: (1) executive leadership through team support, empowerment, and oversight; (2) team comp...
VA IT Management: Organization Is Largely Centralized; Additional Actions Could Improve Human Capital Practices and Systems Development Processes
GAO-16-403: Published: Aug 17, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 16, 2016.
The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) performs key information technology (IT)-related functions, such as leadership, strategic planning, systems development and acquisition, and systems operations and maintenance, largely through its centralized Office of Information & Technology (OI&T), led by the Chief Information Officer (CIO). VA's two IT governance boards are intended to play a role in oth...
Department of Housing and Urban Development: Actions Needed to Incorporate Key Practices into Management Functions and Program Oversight
GAO-16-497: Published: Jul 20, 2016. Publicly Released: Aug 19, 2016.
The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) has struggled to resolve persistent management challenges, in part because it has not consistently incorporated requirements and key practices identified by GAO to help ensure effective management into its operations. In addition, HUD's past remedial actions were not always effective because they were not sustained. Turnover among senior leader...
Federal Workforce: Distribution of Performance Ratings Across the Federal Government, 2013
GAO-16-520R: Published: May 9, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 8, 2016.
In calendar year 2013 (the most recent data available at the time of our review), of approximately 1.2 million permanent, non-Senior Executive Service (SES) employees at the 24 Chief Financial Officers (CFO) Act agencies, GAO found that about 71.4 percent (or about 836,900 employees) were rated using a 5-level performance appraisal system. This was followed by a 2-level pass/fail system (about 12...
Health Care Workforce: Comprehensive Planning by HHS Needed to Meet National Needs
GAO-16-17: Published: Dec 11, 2015. Publicly Released: Jan 11, 2016.
The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) engages in some planning for the 72 health care workforce programs administered by its agencies, but lacks comprehensive planning and oversight to ensure that these efforts meet national health care workforce needs. HHS's current strategic plan includes broad strategies—such as improving access to comprehensive primary and preventive medical serv...
Federal Workforce: OPM and Agencies Need to Strengthen Efforts to Identify and Close Mission-Critical Skills Gaps
GAO-15-223: Published: Jan 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Jan 30, 2015.
Lessons learned from initial efforts to try to close skills gaps could strengthen future approaches. For example, the Chief Human Capital Officer (CHCO) Council Working Group (Working Group) identified skills gaps in six government-wide occupations, such as cybersecurity and auditors. Although this effort was an important step forward, GAO's work has identified skills gaps in nearly two dozen occu...
Defense Base Act Insurance: State Department Should Evaluate Its Open Market System and Incorporate Leading Practices into Any Future Single Insurer Solicitation
GAO-15-194: Published: Jan 6, 2015. Publicly Released: Jan 6, 2015.
The Department of State (State) did not follow leading acquisition practices in transitioning from a single insurer Defense Base Act (DBA) program to an open market system. Leading practices emphasize adequately documenting market research, allowing enough time to complete a solicitation, and collecting and analyzing data to select among alternatives, but State took limited measures to document th...
Human Capital: Strategies to Help Agencies Meet Their Missions in an Era of Highly Constrained Resources
GAO-14-168: Published: May 7, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 6, 2014.
GAO convened a forum of chief human capital officers (CHCO) who described a number of difficulties their agencies face in maintaining the capacity to meet their missions during lean fiscal times. GAO's analysis identified three broad recurring human capital challenges and strategies to address them. While these challenges were not new nor exclusively a result of constrained budgets, reduced resour...