Lending institutions (11 - 20 of 79 items)
Troubled Asset Relief Program: More Efforts Needed on Fair Lending Controls and Access for Non-English Speakers in Housing Programs
GAO-14-117: Published: Feb 6, 2014. Publicly Released: Feb 6, 2014.
For the Spanish translation of the highlights page for this document, see GAO-14-457.What GAO FoundParticipation rates in the Home Affordable Modification Program (HAMP), a key component of the Making Home Affordable program (MHA), peaked in early 2010, generally declined during 2011, and remained relatively steady from 2012 through November 2013. As of November 2013, about 1.3 million borrowers h...
Servicemembers Civil Relief Act: Information on Mortgage Protections and Related Education Efforts
GAO-14-221: Published: Jan 28, 2014. Publicly Released: Jan 28, 2014.
The number of servicemembers with mortgages eligible for Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (SCRA) mortgage protections is unknown because servicers have not collected this information in a comprehensive manner. Based on the limited and nongeneralizeable information that GAO obtained from the three mortgage servicers and the credit union, a small percentage of the total loan portfolios were identifie...
Federal Housing Administration: Analysis of Options for Modifying Its Products, Market Presence, and Powers
GAO-13-682: Published: Sep 9, 2013. Publicly Released: Oct 22, 2013.
GAO identified a number of proposed options for adjusting product terms and conditions to help improve the Federal Housing Administration's (FHA) long-term viability. FHA has raised the premiums that it charges borrowers several times in recent years and has taken steps to tighten its underwriting standards--for example, by setting a minimum required credit score. Some mortgage market observers ha...
FHA Mortgage Insurance: Applicability of Industry Requirements Is Limited, but Certain Features Could Enhance Oversight
GAO-13-722: Published: Sep 9, 2013. Publicly Released: Oct 22, 2013.
Reserving practices and capital requirements for the Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund (Fund) of the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) differ in key respects from those for private mortgage insurers (PMI). These differences stem from the distinct environments in which FHA and PMIs operate, including the particular accounting principles and statutory provisions that they must follow. For example, s...
Federal Housing Administration: Improving Disposition and Oversight Practices May Increase Returns on Foreclosed Property Sales
GAO-13-542: Published: Jun 20, 2013. Publicly Released: Jul 22, 2013.
The Federal Housing Administration's (FHA) performance in selling its foreclosed properties--known as real estate-owned (REO) properties--lagged the performance of both of the government-sponsored enterprises (enterprises), Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. FHA disposed of more than 400,000 properties from January 2007 through June 2012. Its combined 2007-2012 returns, measured by the net execution rate...
Foreclosure Review: Lessons Learned Could Enhance Continuing Reviews and Activities under Amended Consent Orders
GAO-13-277: Published: Mar 26, 2013. Publicly Released: Apr 4, 2013.
Complexity of the reviews, overly broad guidance, and limited monitoring for consistency impeded the ability of the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) and the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (Federal Reserve) to achieve the goals of the foreclosure review--to identify as many harmed borrowers as possible and ensure similar results for similarly situated borrowers. Reg...
Financial Audit: Federal Housing Finance Agency's Fiscal Years 2012 and 2011 Financial Statements
GAO-13-124R: Published: Nov 15, 2012. Publicly Released: Nov 15, 2012.
GAO found (1) the financial statements are presented fairly, in all material respects, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles; (2) the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of September 30, 2012; and (3) no reportable noncompliance in fiscal year 2012 with provisions of laws and r...
Vacant Properties: Growing Number Increases Communities' Costs and Challenges
GAO-12-34: Published: Nov 4, 2011. Publicly Released: Dec 6, 2011.
Vacant and unattended residential properties can attract crime, cause blight, and pose a threat to public safety. While homeowners or mortgage owners--including the mortgage servicers that administer loans on behalf of loan owners--are responsible for maintaining vacant properties with mortgages undergoing foreclosure, the costs local governments incur to mitigate any unsafe conditions can be sign...
Ginnie Mae: Risk Management and Cost Modeling Require Continuing Attention
GAO-12-49: Published: Nov 14, 2011. Publicly Released: Dec 1, 2011.
The Government National Mortgage Association (Ginnie Mae) has increased its role in the secondary mortgage market significantly. Ginnie Mae is a wholly owned government corporation in the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). It guarantees the timely payment of principal and interest of mortgage-backed securities (MBS) backed by pools of federally insured or guaranteed mortgage loans,...
Federal Housing Administration: Improvements Needed in Risk Assessment and Human Capital Management
GAO-12-15: Published: Nov 7, 2011. Publicly Released: Nov 7, 2011.
The Department of Housing and Urban Development's (HUD) Federal Housing Administration (FHA) has helped millions purchase homes by insuring private lenders against losses from defaults on FHA-insured single-family mortgages. In recent years, FHA has experienced a dramatic increase in its market role due, in part, to the contraction of other mortgage market segments. The increased reliance on FHA m...