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Real Estate Appraisals: Survey of State Appraiser Regulatory Agencies (GAO-12-198SP, January 2012), an E-supplement to GAO-12-147
GAO-12-198SP: Published: Jan 18, 2012. Publicly Released: Jan 18, 2012.
This is an E-supplement to GAO-12-147. It provides information on how state appraiser regulatory agencies carry out their responsibilities under Title XI of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989, and their views on selected aspects of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (Dodd-Frank Act), which amends Title XI and includes new requirement...
Homelessness: To Improve Data and Programs, Agencies Have Taken Steps to Develop a Common Vocabulary
GAO-12-302T: Published: Dec 15, 2011. Publicly Released: Dec 15, 2011.
Definitional differences of homelessness have posed challenges to providing services for children and youth. Children and youth living in precarious situations, such as living with others or in hotels, historically were excluded from receiving government-funded services. Congress enacted the Homeless Emergency Assistance and Rapid Transition to Housing Act of 2009 (HEARTH Act), which broadened the...
Vacant Properties: Growing Number Increases Communities' Costs and Challenges
GAO-12-34: Published: Nov 4, 2011. Publicly Released: Dec 6, 2011.
Vacant and unattended residential properties can attract crime, cause blight, and pose a threat to public safety. While homeowners or mortgage owners--including the mortgage servicers that administer loans on behalf of loan owners--are responsible for maintaining vacant properties with mortgages undergoing foreclosure, the costs local governments incur to mitigate any unsafe conditions can be sign...
Federal Housing Administration: Risks to the Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund and the Agency's Operations
GAO-12-277T: Published: Dec 1, 2011. Publicly Released: Dec 1, 2011.
The Federal Housing Administration (FHA) has helped millions purchase homes by insuring private lenders against losses from defaults on single-family mortgages. In recent years, FHA has experienced a dramatic increase in its market role due, in part, to the contraction of other mortgage market segments. The increased reliance on FHA mortgage insurance highlights the need for FHA to ensure that it...
Ginnie Mae: Risk Management and Cost Modeling Require Continuing Attention
GAO-12-49: Published: Nov 14, 2011. Publicly Released: Dec 1, 2011.
The Government National Mortgage Association (Ginnie Mae) has increased its role in the secondary mortgage market significantly. Ginnie Mae is a wholly owned government corporation in the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). It guarantees the timely payment of principal and interest of mortgage-backed securities (MBS) backed by pools of federally insured or guaranteed mortgage loans,...
Federal Housing Administration: Improvements Needed in Risk Assessment and Human Capital Management
GAO-12-15: Published: Nov 7, 2011. Publicly Released: Nov 7, 2011.
The Department of Housing and Urban Development's (HUD) Federal Housing Administration (FHA) has helped millions purchase homes by insuring private lenders against losses from defaults on FHA-insured single-family mortgages. In recent years, FHA has experienced a dramatic increase in its market role due, in part, to the contraction of other mortgage market segments. The increased reliance on FHA m...
Homeownership Counseling: Although Research Suggests Some Benefits, Implementation and Evaluation Challenges Exist
GAO-11-925T: Published: Sep 14, 2011. Publicly Released: Sep 14, 2011.
Homeownership counseling can help consumers learn about buying a home and give them tools to deal with setbacks that could keep them from making timely mortgage payments. The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) approves and provides grants to housing counseling agencies and has also implemented a requirement that borrowers seeking federally insured reverse mortgages through the Home...
Information Technology: HUD's Expenditure Plan Satisfies Statutory Conditions, and Implementation of Management Controls Is Under Way
GAO-11-762: Published: Sep 7, 2011. Publicly Released: Sep 7, 2011.
Information technology (IT) is critical to the Department of Housing and Urban Development's (HUD) ability to carry out its home ownership and community development mission. Provisions of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2010, require HUD to develop and submit to Congress an expenditure plan for its efforts to modernize the department's IT environment prior to using 75 percent of the funds mad...
Financial Education and Counseling Pilot Program
GAO-11-737R: Published: Jul 27, 2011. Publicly Released: Jul 27, 2011.
The federal government has numerous programs designed to improve Americans' financial literacy, some of which are targeted at helping consumers determine whether and when to purchase a home, how to manage a mortgage, and how to deal with setbacks that could limit their ability to make timely mortgage payments. However, as we have reported, little is known about the effectiveness of specific strate...
Mortgage Reform: Potential Impacts of Provisions in the Dodd-Frank Act on Homebuyers and the Mortgage Market
GAO-11-656: Published: Jul 19, 2011. Publicly Released: Jul 19, 2011.
The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (Dodd- Frank Act) is intended, among other things, to reform residential mortgage lending and securitization practices that contributed to the recent financial crisis. The act provides some liability protection for lenders originating mortgages that meet nine specified criteria, as applicable, associated with a borrower's ability to rep...