All Topics » Homeland Security
Homeland Security (61 - 70 of 81 items) in Past Year
Visa Waiver Program: DHS Should Take Steps to Ensure Timeliness of Information Needed to Protect U.S. National Security
GAO-16-498: Published: May 5, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 6, 2016.
All 38 countries participating in the Visa Waiver Program (VWP) have entered into required agreements, or their equivalents, to (1) report lost and stolen passports, (2) share identity information about known or suspected terrorists, and (3) share criminal history information. However, not all countries have shared information through the agreements. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) repor...
Aviation Security: Airport Perimeter and Access Control Security Would Benefit from Risk Assessment and Strategy Updates
GAO-16-632: Published: May 31, 2016. Publicly Released: May 31, 2016.
The Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) Transportation Security Administration (TSA) has made progress in assessing the threat, vulnerability, and consequence components of risk to airport perimeter and access control security (airport security) since GAO last reported on the topic in 2009, such as developing its Comprehensive Risk Assessment of Perimeter and Access Control Security (Risk Asse...
Federal Air Marshal Service: Actions Needed to Better Incorporate Risk in Deployment Strategy
GAO-16-582: Published: May 31, 2016. Publicly Released: May 31, 2016.
The U.S. Federal Air Marshal Service (FAMS) deploys air marshals in part based on assessed risk, but could better incorporate risk in its deployment strategy. FAMS may deploy air marshals on flights with known risk—meaning certain higher risk flights where the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) or FAMS knows of an increase in the threat or consequence of a terrorist attack—as well as...
Disaster Recovery: FEMA Needs to Assess Its Effectiveness in Implementing the National Disaster Recovery Framework
GAO-16-476: Published: May 26, 2016. Publicly Released: May 26, 2016.
The Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) is responsible for implementing the National Disaster Recovery Framework (NDRF) and working in partnership with states as they play a lead role in the recovery process. As shown in the figure below, FEMA coordinates federal recovery stakeholders using six Recovery Support Functions—structures through which fed...
Immigration Detention: Additional Actions Needed to Strengthen DHS Management of Short-Term Holding Facilities
GAO-16-514: Published: May 26, 2016. Publicly Released: May 26, 2016.
The Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) and U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) have standards for short-term holding facilities—which are generally designed to keep individuals in custody for 24 hours or less—and some processes to monitor compliance with the standards. For example, each component has policies governing the operation of h...
U.S. Customs and Border Protection: Review of the Staffing Analysis Report under the Border Patrol Agent Pay Reform Act of 2014
GAO-16-606R: Published: May 26, 2016. Publicly Released: May 26, 2016.
The Border Patrol Agent Pay Reform Act of 2014 (BPAPRA) established a new overtime compensation system for Border Patrol agents at U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). Under BPAPRA, Border Patrol agents individually elect and are subsequently assigned by the agency to one of three rates of pay commensurate with the amount of scheduled overtime...
Information Technology: Federal Agencies Need to Address Aging Legacy Systems
GAO-16-468: Published: May 25, 2016. Publicly Released: May 25, 2016.
The federal government spent about 75 percent of the total amount budgeted for information technology (IT) for fiscal year 2015 on operations and maintenance (O&M) investments. Such spending has increased over the past 7 fiscal years, which has resulted in a $7.3 billion decline from fiscal years 2010 to 2017 in development, modernization, and enhancement activities.Total Federal IT Spending by Ty...
Border Security: DHS Surveillance Technology Unmanned Aerial Systems and Other Assets
GAO-16-671T: Published: May 24, 2016. Publicly Released: May 24, 2016.
GAO reported in March 2014 and April 2015 that U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), had made progress in deploying programs under the Arizona Border Surveillance Technology Plan (the Plan), but could take additional actions to strengthen its management of the Plan and its related programs. Specifically, in March 2014 GAO reported that CBP's sc...
Critical Infrastructure Protection: Federal Efforts to Address Electromagnetic Risks
GAO-16-641T: Published: May 17, 2016. Publicly Released: May 17, 2016.
Key federal agencies have taken various actions to address electromagnetic risks to the electric grid, and some actions align with the recommendations made in 2008 by the Commission to Assess the Threat to the United States from Electromagnetic Pulse Attack (EMP Commission). Since 2008, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), the Department of Energy (DOE), and the Federal Energy Regulatory Com...
Information Technology: FEMA Needs to Address Management Weaknesses to Improve Its Systems
GAO-16-306: Published: Apr 5, 2016. Publicly Released: May 5, 2016.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) faces the following challenges in ensuring that its information technology (IT) programs adequately support the agency's ability to respond to major disasters:Governance and oversight: FEMA established an investment review board to select and oversee IT investments, as called for by leading practices. But the board has not fully defined roles and resp...