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Homeland Security (71 - 80 of 1,632 items) in Custom Date Range
High-Containment Laboratories: Comprehensive and Up-to-Date Policies and Stronger Oversight Needed
GAO-16-566T: Published: Apr 20, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 19, 2016.
Most of the 8 departments and 15 agencies that GAO reviewed had policies that were not comprehensive, and some departments and agencies had policies that were not up to date. Specifically, policies at 5 departments and 9 agencies were not comprehensive because they did not contain all six elements that GAO identified as key for managing biological agents in high-containment laboratories. These ele...
National Flood Insurance Program: Continued Progress Needed to Fully Address Prior GAO Recommendations on Rate-Setting Methods
GAO-16-59: Published: Mar 17, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 18, 2016.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) sets National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) full-risk rates using a model that includes some characteristics of catastrophe models used by private insurers. In particular, both models assess flood probability and damage to estimate potential flood losses. Like private insurers, NFIP also uses variables specific to each structure in estimating the deg...
Quadrennial Homeland Security Review: Improved Risk Analysis and Stakeholder Consultations Could Enhance Future Reviews
GAO-16-371: Published: Apr 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 15, 2016.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) assessed risk for the second Quadrennial Homeland Security Review (QHSR) and considered threats, vulnerabilities, and consequences; however, DHS did not document how its various analyses were synthesized to generate results, thus limiting the reproducibility and defensibility of the results. Without sufficient documentation, the QHSR risk results cannot ea...
Biodefense: The Nation Faces Multiple Challenges in Building and Maintaining Biodefense and Biosurveillance
GAO-16-547T: Published: Apr 14, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 14, 2016.
The biodefense enterprise is fragmented and does not have strategic oversight to promote efficiency and accountability. Specifically, the biodefense enterprise lacks institutionalized leadership enterprise-wide to provide strategic oversight and coordination. In 2011, GAO reported, there are more than two dozen presidentially appointed individuals with biodefense responsibilities and numerous fede...
Federal Emergency Management Agency: Progress and Continuing Challenges in National Preparedness Efforts
GAO-16-560T: Published: Apr 12, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 12, 2016.
GAO's recent work highlights both the progress and challenges in the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) Federal Emergency Management Agency's (FEMA) efforts to strengthen federal preparedness.In December 2014, GAO reported that the federal departments responsible for coordinating emergency support functions (ESF) in preparation for national disaster response carry out their responsibilities i...
Terrorism Risk Insurance: Comparison of Selected Programs in the United States and Foreign Countries
GAO-16-316: Published: Apr 12, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 12, 2016.
The structures of the 16 terrorism insurance programs GAO reviewed generally fell into three broad categories. Programs in the first category have a multilayered structure, with insurers, reinsurers (which offer insurance for insurers), and governments providing coverage. Several programs, including those in Australia and the United Kingdom (UK), use this approach. In the second category, which in...
Emergency Management: Improved Federal Coordination Could Better Assist K-12 Schools Prepare for Emergencies
GAO-16-144: Published: Mar 10, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 11, 2016.
The Departments of Education (Education), Health and Human Services (HHS), Homeland Security (DHS), and Justice (Justice) support K-12 schools in preparing for emergencies with various resources, including training, technical assistance, and funding, but their efforts are not strategically coordinated. Since jointly issuing a Guide for Developing High-Quality School Emergency Operations Plans in...
Civil Support: DOD Needs to Clarify Its Roles and Responsibilities for Defense Support of Civil Authorities during Cyber Incidents
GAO-16-332: Published: Apr 4, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 4, 2016.
The Department of Defense (DOD) has developed overarching guidance about how it is to support civil authorities as part of its Defense Support of Civil Authorities (DSCA) mission, but DOD's guidance does not clearly define its roles and responsibilities for cyber incidents. Specifically, DOD has developed and issued key DSCA guidance—such as DOD Directive 3025.18, Defense Support of Civil Author...
Homeland Security Acquisitions: DHS Has Strengthened Management, but Execution and Affordability Concerns Endure
GAO-16-338SP: Published: Mar 31, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 31, 2016.
During 2015, 11 of the 25 Department of Homeland Security (DHS) programs GAO reviewed remained on track to meet their current schedule and cost goals. Eight programs experienced schedule slips, cost growth, or both, including 5 programs with life-cycle cost estimates that increased by a total of 18 percent. For the remaining six programs, DHS leadership had not approved baselines establishing thei...
Administrative Leave: Evaluation of DHS's New Policy Can Help Identify Progress toward Reducing Leave Use
GAO-16-342: Published: Mar 23, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 23, 2016.
Between fiscal years 2011 and 2015, 116 Department of Homeland Security (DHS) employees were on administrative leave for personnel matters for 1 year or more, with a total estimated salary cost of $19.8 million for this period. Of these 116 employees on administrative leave:69 employees (59 percent) were for matters related to misconduct allegations,28 employees (24 percent) were for matters relat...