Homeland security (31 - 40 of 319 items)
Border Patrol: Goals and Measures Not Yet in Place to Inform Border Security Status and Resource Needs
GAO-13-330T: Published: Feb 26, 2013. Publicly Released: Feb 26, 2013.
Since fiscal year 2011, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has used changes in the number of apprehensions on the southwest border between ports of entry as an interim measure for border security as reported in its annual performance plans. In fiscal year 2011, DHS reported a decrease in apprehensions, which met its goal to secure the southwest border. Our analysis of Border Patrol data sho...
Border Patrol: Key Elements of New Strategic Plan Not Yet in Place to Inform Border Security Status and Resource Needs
GAO-13-25: Published: Dec 10, 2012. Publicly Released: Jan 9, 2013.
In fiscal year 2011, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) reported data meeting its goal to secure the land border with a decrease in apprehensions; our data analysis showed that apprehensions decreased within each southwest border sector and by 68 percent in the Tucson sector from fiscal years 2006 to 2011, due in part to changes in the U.S. economy and achievement of Border Patrol strategic...
DHS Strategic Workforce Planning: Oversight of Departmentwide Efforts Should Be Strengthened
GAO-13-65: Published: Dec 3, 2012. Publicly Released: Dec 3, 2012.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has taken some relatively recent steps to enhance strategic workforce planning across the department. These steps are generally consistent with leading principles, but the department has not yet implemented an effective oversight approach for monitoring and evaluating components' progress. Specifically, recent steps DHS has taken to develop and implement s...
Information Sharing: DHS Has Demonstrated Leadership and Progress, but Additional Actions Could Help Sustain and Strengthen Efforts
GAO-12-809: Published: Sep 18, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 18, 2012.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has made progress in achieving its information-sharing mission, but could take additional steps to improve its efforts. Specifically, DHS has demonstrated leadership commitment by establishing a governance board to serve as the decision-making body for DHS information-sharing issues. The board has enhanced collaboration among DHS components and identified...
Aviation Security: 9/11 Anniversary Observations on TSA's Progress and Challenges in Strengthening Aviation Security
GAO-12-1024T: Published: Sep 11, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 11, 2012.
The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) has taken actions to validate the science underlying its behavior-based passenger screening program, the Screening of Passengers by Observation Techniques, or SPOT, program, but more work remains. GAO reported in May 2010 that (1) TSA deployed SPOT before first determining whether there was a scientifically valid basis for using behavior and appeara...
Border Security: State Could Enhance Visa Fraud Prevention by Strategically Using Resources and Training
GAO-12-888: Published: Sep 10, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 10, 2012.
Certain countries and visa categories are subject to higher levels of fraud. In fiscal year 2010, almost 60 percent of confirmed fraud cases (9,200 out of 16,000) involved applicants from Brazil, China, Dominican Republic, India, and Mexico. Department of State (State) officials told GAO that fraud most commonly involves applicants for temporary visits to the United States who submit false documen...
Intelligence Community Personnel: Strategic Approach and Training Requirements Needed to Guide Joint Duty Program
GAO-12-679: Published: Jun 20, 2012. Publicly Released: Jun 20, 2012.
All of the Intelligence Community (IC) elements except for one are participating in the Joint Duty Program and the IC elements generally view the program as beneficial. The Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI), the Defense Security Service, the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence, and 15 other IC components have identified an office or individual responsible...
IT Supply Chain: National Security-Related Agencies Need to Better Address Risks
GAO-12-361: Published: Mar 23, 2012. Publicly Released: Mar 23, 2012.
Reliance on a global supply chain introduces multiple risks to federal information systems. These risks include threats posed by actorssuch as foreign intelligence services or counterfeiterswho may exploit vulnerabilities in the supply chain and thus compromise the confidentiality, integrity, or availability of an end system and the information it contains. This in turn can adversely a...
Homeland Security: DHS Needs Better Project Information and Coordination among Four Overlapping Grant Programs
GAO-12-303: Published: Feb 28, 2012. Publicly Released: Mar 20, 2012.
Multiple factors contribute to the risk of duplication among four FEMA grant programs that GAO studiedthe State Homeland Security Program (SHSP), Urban Areas Security Initiative (UASI), Port Security Grant Program, and Transit Security Grant Program. Specifically, these programs share similar goals, fund similar projects, and provide funds in the same geographic regions. Further, DHSs ability...
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear Risk Assessments: DHS Should Establish More Specific Guidance for Their Use
GAO-12-272: Published: Jan 25, 2012. Publicly Released: Jan 25, 2012.
Since 2004, DHSs use of its CBRN risk assessments to inform its CBRN response plans has varied, from directly influencing information in the plans to not being used at all. DHS guidance states that response planning and resource decisions should be informed by risk information. GAOs analysis showed that DHS used its CBRN risk assessments to directly inform 2 of 12 CBRN response plans G...