Homeland security (1 - 10 of 319 items)
Bioforensics: DHS Needs to Conduct a Formal Capability Gap Analysis to Better Identify and Address Gaps
GAO-17-177: Published: Jan 11, 2017. Publicly Released: Feb 10, 2017.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) have identified some gaps in their bioforensics capabilities, but DHS has not performed a formal bioforensics capability gap analysis. It is therefore not clear whether DHS and the FBI have identified all of their capability gaps. A capability gap analysis can help identify deficiencies in capabilities and can...
Supply Chain Security: Providing Guidance and Resolving Data Problems Could Improve Management of the Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism Program
GAO-17-84: Published: Feb 8, 2017. Publicly Released: Feb 8, 2017.
Staff from U.S. Customs and Border Protection's (CBP) Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism (C-TPAT) program have faced challenges in meeting C-TPAT security validation responsibilities because of problems with the functionality of the program's data management system (Portal 2.0). In particular, since the system was updated in August 2015, C-TPAT staff have identified instances in which the...
Federal Air Marshal Service: Additional Actions Needed to Ensure Air Marshals' Mission Readiness
GAO-16-764: Published: Sep 14, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 14, 2016.
The Transportation Security Administration's (TSA) Office of Training and Development (OTD) assesses air marshals' training needs using several information sources, but opportunities exist to obtain more feedback from air marshals on whether the training courses they must take met their needs. OTD primarily assesses air marshals' training needs by holding curriculum development and review conferen...
Maritime Security: Progress and Challenges in Implementing Maritime Cargo Security Programs
GAO-16-790T: Published: Jul 7, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 7, 2016.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) have made substantial progress in implementing initiatives and programs that, collectively, have enhanced cargo security, but some challenges remain. Examples of progress and challenges are discussed below.Risk Assessments of Cargo Shipments . In January 2015, GAO found that CBP did not have accurate data on th...
Emergency Communications: Actions Needed to Better Coordinate Federal Efforts in the National Capital Region
GAO-16-249: Published: Mar 10, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 10, 2016.
The Office of National Capital Region Coordination (ONCRC), within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), has taken various actions, mainly through coordination with state and local agencies, to help improve emergency communications interoperability in the National Capital Region (NCR), a legally-designated area including Washington, D.C. and nearby parts of Virginia and Maryland. For example:...
Border Security: Actions Needed by DHS to Address Long-Standing Challenges in Planning for a Biometric Exit System
GAO-16-358T: Published: Jan 20, 2016. Publicly Released: Jan 20, 2016.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) faces long-standing challenges in developing a biometric exit system and reporting reliable overstay data. In July 2013, GAO reported that DHS had not fulfilled statutory requirements to implement a biometric exit capability and report data on overstays. As of January 2016, DHS has planning efforts underway but has not yet met these statutory requirements...
Aviation Security: Improved Testing, Evaluation, and Performance Measurement Could Enhance Effectiveness
GAO-16-199T: Published: Nov 3, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 3, 2015.
Evaluation of new technologies, programs, and processes . GAO has found that TSA has not consistently evaluated the overall effectiveness of new technologies before adopting them. For example, in March 2014, GAO found that TSA testing of certain Advanced Imaging Technology (AIT) systems—also referred to as full-body scanners—used to screen passengers at airports did not account for all factors...
National Protection and Programs Directorate: Factors to Consider when Reorganizing
GAO-16-140T: Published: Oct 7, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 7, 2015.
GAO's prior work includes four areas for agency officials' consideration when evaluating or implementing a reorganization or transformation.First, GAO reported in May 2012 on key questions to consider when evaluating an organizational change that involves consolidation, such as what are the goals of the consolidation and how have stakeholders been involved in the decision-making? For reorganizatio...
Combating Terrorism: State Should Evaluate Its Countering Violent Extremism Program and Set Time Frames for Addressing Evaluation Recommendations
GAO-15-684: Published: Jul 22, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 22, 2015.
The Department of State's (State) Bureau of Counterterrorism has had an annual increase in authorized full-time equivalent (FTE) positions since fiscal year 2011 and has recently undertaken efforts to reduce a persistent staffing gap. The bureau's authorized FTEs increased from 66 in fiscal year 2011 to 96 in fiscal year 2015, and over the same period, FTE vacancies ranged from 17 to 23 percent. T...
Aviation Security: TSA Has Taken Steps to Improve Oversight of Key Programs, but Additional Actions Are Needed
GAO-15-559T: Published: May 13, 2015. Publicly Released: May 13, 2015.
The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) has taken steps to improve oversight of Secure Flight—a passenger prescreening program that matches passenger information against watch lists to assign each passenger a risk category—but could take further action to address screening errors. In September 2014, GAO reported that TSA lacked timely and reliable information on system matching erro...