Terrorism (41 - 50 of 382 items)
Border Security: State Could Enhance Visa Fraud Prevention by Strategically Using Resources and Training
GAO-12-888: Published: Sep 10, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 10, 2012.
Certain countries and visa categories are subject to higher levels of fraud. In fiscal year 2010, almost 60 percent of confirmed fraud cases (9,200 out of 16,000) involved applicants from Brazil, China, Dominican Republic, India, and Mexico. Department of State (State) officials told GAO that fraud most commonly involves applicants for temporary visits to the United States who submit false documen...
Intelligence Community Personnel: Strategic Approach and Training Requirements Needed to Guide Joint Duty Program
GAO-12-679: Published: Jun 20, 2012. Publicly Released: Jun 20, 2012.
All of the Intelligence Community (IC) elements except for one are participating in the Joint Duty Program and the IC elements generally view the program as beneficial. The Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI), the Defense Security Service, the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence, and 15 other IC components have identified an office or individual responsible...
IT Supply Chain: National Security-Related Agencies Need to Better Address Risks
GAO-12-361: Published: Mar 23, 2012. Publicly Released: Mar 23, 2012.
Reliance on a global supply chain introduces multiple risks to federal information systems. These risks include threats posed by actorssuch as foreign intelligence services or counterfeiterswho may exploit vulnerabilities in the supply chain and thus compromise the confidentiality, integrity, or availability of an end system and the information it contains. This in turn can adversely a...
Homeland Security: DHS Needs Better Project Information and Coordination among Four Overlapping Grant Programs
GAO-12-303: Published: Feb 28, 2012. Publicly Released: Mar 20, 2012.
Multiple factors contribute to the risk of duplication among four FEMA grant programs that GAO studiedthe State Homeland Security Program (SHSP), Urban Areas Security Initiative (UASI), Port Security Grant Program, and Transit Security Grant Program. Specifically, these programs share similar goals, fund similar projects, and provide funds in the same geographic regions. Further, DHSs ability...
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear Risk Assessments: DHS Should Establish More Specific Guidance for Their Use
GAO-12-272: Published: Jan 25, 2012. Publicly Released: Jan 25, 2012.
Since 2004, DHSs use of its CBRN risk assessments to inform its CBRN response plans has varied, from directly influencing information in the plans to not being used at all. DHS guidance states that response planning and resource decisions should be informed by risk information. GAOs analysis showed that DHS used its CBRN risk assessments to directly inform 2 of 12 CBRN response plans G...
Port Security Grant Program: Risk Model, Grant Management, and Effectiveness Measures Could Be Strengthened
GAO-12-47: Published: Nov 17, 2011. Publicly Released: Dec 19, 2011.
From fiscal years 2006 through 2010, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has awarded nearly $1.7 billion dollars to port areas through its Port Security Grant Program (PSGP) to protect critical maritime infrastructure and the public from terrorist attacks. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)--a DHS component agency--is the agency responsible for distributing grant funds. GAO was a...
Aviation Security: TSA Has Taken Steps to Enhance Its Foreign Airport Assessments, but Opportunities Exist to Strengthen the Program
GAO-12-163: Published: Oct 21, 2011. Publicly Released: Oct 31, 2011.
International flights bound for the United States continue to be targets of terrorist activity, as demonstrated by the October 2010 discovery of explosive devices in air cargo packages bound for the United States from Yemen. The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) is responsible for securing the nation's civil aviation system, which includes ensuring the security of U.S.-bound flights. As...
Maritime Security: Coast Guard Should Conduct Required Inspections of Offshore Energy Infrastructure
GAO-12-37: Published: Oct 28, 2011. Publicly Released: Oct 28, 2011.
Congressional interest in the security of offshore energy infrastructure has increased because of the lives lost and the substantial damages that resulted from the Deepwater Horizon incident in April 2010. The U.S. Coast Guard--a component of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS)--is the lead federal agency for maritime security, including the security of offshore energy infrastructure. The Co...
Information Sharing: Progress Made and Challenges Remaining in Sharing Terrorism-Related Information
GAO-12-144T: Published: Oct 12, 2011. Publicly Released: Oct 12, 2011.
A breakdown in information sharing was a major factor contributing to the failure to prevent the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks. Since then, federal, state, and local governments have taken steps to improve sharing. This statement focuses on government efforts to (1) establish the Information Sharing Environment (ISE), a government-wide approach that facilitates the sharing of terrorism-rel...
Aviation Security: TSA Has Made Progress, but Additional Efforts Are Needed to Improve Security
GAO-11-938T: Published: Sep 16, 2011. Publicly Released: Sep 16, 2011.
The attempted bombing of Northwest flight 253 in December 2009 underscores the need for effective aviation security programs. Aviation security remains a daunting challenge with hundreds of airports and thousands of flights daily carrying millions of passengers and pieces of checked baggage. The Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) Transportation Security Administration (TSA) has spent billions...