Homeland security (11 - 20 of 217 items)
National Flood Insurance Program: Continued Progress Needed to Fully Address Prior GAO Recommendations on Rate-Setting Methods
GAO-16-59: Published: Mar 17, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 18, 2016.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) sets National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) full-risk rates using a model that includes some characteristics of catastrophe models used by private insurers. In particular, both models assess flood probability and damage to estimate potential flood losses. Like private insurers, NFIP also uses variables specific to each structure in estimating the deg...
Quadrennial Homeland Security Review: Improved Risk Analysis and Stakeholder Consultations Could Enhance Future Reviews
GAO-16-371: Published: Apr 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 15, 2016.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) assessed risk for the second Quadrennial Homeland Security Review (QHSR) and considered threats, vulnerabilities, and consequences; however, DHS did not document how its various analyses were synthesized to generate results, thus limiting the reproducibility and defensibility of the results. Without sufficient documentation, the QHSR risk results cannot ea...
Emergency Management: Improved Federal Coordination Could Better Assist K-12 Schools Prepare for Emergencies
GAO-16-144: Published: Mar 10, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 11, 2016.
The Departments of Education (Education), Health and Human Services (HHS), Homeland Security (DHS), and Justice (Justice) support K-12 schools in preparing for emergencies with various resources, including training, technical assistance, and funding, but their efforts are not strategically coordinated. Since jointly issuing a Guide for Developing High-Quality School Emergency Operations Plans in...
Department of Homeland Security: Progress Made, but Work Remains in Strengthening Acquisition and Other Management Functions
GAO-16-507T: Published: Mar 16, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 16, 2016.
The Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) efforts to strengthen and integrate its management functions have resulted in it meeting three and partially meeting two of GAO's criteria for removal from the high-risk list (see table).Assessment of DHS Progress in Addressing the Strengthening DHS Management Functions High-Risk Area, as of March 2016Criterion for removal from high-risk list Meta Partia...
Emergency Communications: Actions Needed to Better Coordinate Federal Efforts in the National Capital Region
GAO-16-249: Published: Mar 10, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 10, 2016.
The Office of National Capital Region Coordination (ONCRC), within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), has taken various actions, mainly through coordination with state and local agencies, to help improve emergency communications interoperability in the National Capital Region (NCR), a legally-designated area including Washington, D.C. and nearby parts of Virginia and Maryland. For example:...
Critical Infrastructure Protection: Sector-Specific Agencies Need to Better Measure Cybersecurity Progress
GAO-16-79: Published: Nov 19, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 19, 2015.
Sector-specific agencies (SSA) determined the significance of cyber risk to networks and industrial control systems for all 15 of the sectors in the scope of GAO's review. Specifically, they determined that cyber risk was significant for 11 of 15 sectors. Although the SSAs for the remaining four sectors had not determined cyber risks to be significant during their 2010 sector-specific planning pro...
National Protection and Programs Directorate: Factors to Consider when Reorganizing
GAO-16-140T: Published: Oct 7, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 7, 2015.
GAO's prior work includes four areas for agency officials' consideration when evaluating or implementing a reorganization or transformation.First, GAO reported in May 2012 on key questions to consider when evaluating an organizational change that involves consolidation, such as what are the goals of the consolidation and how have stakeholders been involved in the decision-making? For reorganizatio...
Border Security: Progress and Challenges in DHS's Efforts to Address High-Risk Travelers and Maritime Cargo
GAO-15-668T: Published: Jun 2, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 2, 2015.
In September 2013, GAO reported on actions the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) had taken to align its programs abroad with its resource use and with other U.S. governmental strategic priorities. GAO found that DHS had taken actions to better align its resource use with its programs abroad consistent with requirements set forth in law. Specifically, from 2011 to early 2012, DHS conducted a on...
Homeland Security: Actions Needed to Better Manage Security Screening at Federal Buildings and Courthouses
GAO-15-445: Published: Mar 31, 2015. Publicly Released: Apr 30, 2015.
The Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) Federal Protective Service (FPS) and the Department of Justice's (DOJ) United States Marshals Service (USMS) experience a range of challenges in their efforts to provide effective security screening, including:Building characteristics and location may limit security options: many General Services Administration (GSA) buildings were designed and construct...
Homeland Security: Action Needed to Better Assess Cost-Effectiveness of Security Enhancements at Federal Facilities [Reissued on April 2, 2015]
GAO-15-444: Published: Mar 24, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 24, 2015.
The federal civilian entities GAO selected—the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), the General Services Administration (GSA), the Department of Justice's United States Marshals Service (USMS), the Smithsonian Institution (Smithsonian), and the Social Security Administration (SSA)—have implemented a range of enhancements to improve physical securi...