Homeland security (1 - 10 of 218 items)
Contractor Whistleblower Protections Pilot Program: Improvements Needed to Ensure Effective Implementation
GAO-17-227: Published: Mar 2, 2017. Publicly Released: Mar 2, 2017.
The Whistleblower Protections Pilot Program (pilot program) provides enhanced legal protections to contractor employees who believe that they have experienced reprisal as a result of disclosing certain wrongdoings. Among other enhancements, the act expanded the persons and entities to which a whistleblower could disclose wrongdoing and identified which office within an agency has responsibility fo...
Department of Homeland Security: Important Progress Made, but More Work Remains to Strengthen Management Functions
GAO-17-409T: Published: Feb 16, 2017. Publicly Released: Feb 16, 2017.
As GAO reported in its 2017 high-risk update, the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) efforts to strengthen and integrate its management functions have resulted in the department meeting three and partially meeting two of GAO's criteria for removal from the High-Risk List (see table). For example, senior DHS officials demonstrated exemplary leadership commitment by frequently meeting with GAO...
Border Security: CBP Aims to Prevent High-Risk Travelers from Boarding U.S.-Bound Flights, but Needs to Evaluate Program Performance
GAO-17-216: Published: Jan 24, 2017. Publicly Released: Jan 24, 2017.
The Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) analyzes traveler data and threat information to identify high-risk travelers before they board U.S.-bound flights. CBP's National Targeting Center (NTC), the primary entity responsible for these analyses, conducts traveler data matching which assesses whether travelers are high-risk by matching their information...
Immigrant Investor Program: Progress Made to Detect and Prevent Fraud, but Additional Actions Could Further Agency Efforts
GAO-16-828: Published: Sep 13, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 13, 2016.
The Department of Homeland Security's U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) has recently taken steps intended to enhance fraud detection and mitigation activities for the Employment-Based Fifth Preference Immigrant Investor Program (EB-5 Program) and address previous GAO recommendations.This includes actions such as conducting and planning additional risk assessments to gather addition...
Emergency Communications: Effectiveness of the Post-Katrina Interagency Coordination Group Could Be Enhanced
GAO-16-681: Published: Jul 14, 2016. Publicly Released: Aug 15, 2016.
Implementation of the Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006 (PKEMRA) provisions related to emergency communications planning and federal coordination has enhanced federal support for state and local efforts; however, federal coordination could be improved. PKEMRA created within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) the Office of Emergency Communications, which has taken a number...
Levee Safety: Army Corps and FEMA Have Made Little Progress in Carrying Out Required Activities
GAO-16-709: Published: Jul 26, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 26, 2016.
The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) have made little progress in implementing key national levee-safety-related activities required in the Water Resources Reform and Development Act of 2014. More specifically, the Corps has been working to develop a national levee inventory, but the agencies have taken no action on the remaining key national...
Maritime Security: Progress and Challenges in Implementing Maritime Cargo Security Programs
GAO-16-790T: Published: Jul 7, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 7, 2016.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) have made substantial progress in implementing initiatives and programs that, collectively, have enhanced cargo security, but some challenges remain. Examples of progress and challenges are discussed below.Risk Assessments of Cargo Shipments . In January 2015, GAO found that CBP did not have accurate data on th...
Federal Air Marshal Service: Actions Needed to Better Incorporate Risk in Deployment Strategy
GAO-16-582: Published: May 31, 2016. Publicly Released: May 31, 2016.
The U.S. Federal Air Marshal Service (FAMS) deploys air marshals in part based on assessed risk, but could better incorporate risk in its deployment strategy. FAMS may deploy air marshals on flights with known risk—meaning certain higher risk flights where the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) or FAMS knows of an increase in the threat or consequence of a terrorist attack—as well as...
Border Security: DHS Surveillance Technology Unmanned Aerial Systems and Other Assets
GAO-16-671T: Published: May 24, 2016. Publicly Released: May 24, 2016.
GAO reported in March 2014 and April 2015 that U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), had made progress in deploying programs under the Arizona Border Surveillance Technology Plan (the Plan), but could take additional actions to strengthen its management of the Plan and its related programs. Specifically, in March 2014 GAO reported that CBP's sc...
Critical Infrastructure Protection: Federal Efforts to Address Electromagnetic Risks
GAO-16-641T: Published: May 17, 2016. Publicly Released: May 17, 2016.
Key federal agencies have taken various actions to address electromagnetic risks to the electric grid, and some actions align with the recommendations made in 2008 by the Commission to Assess the Threat to the United States from Electromagnetic Pulse Attack (EMP Commission). Since 2008, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), the Department of Energy (DOE), and the Federal Energy Regulatory Com...