Homeland security (1 - 10 of 213 items)
Border Security: CBP Aims to Prevent High-Risk Travelers from Boarding U.S.-Bound Flights, but Needs to Evaluate Program Performance
GAO-17-216: Published: Jan 24, 2017. Publicly Released: Jan 24, 2017.
The Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) analyzes traveler data and threat information to identify high-risk travelers before they board U.S.-bound flights. CBP's National Targeting Center (NTC), the primary entity responsible for these analyses, conducts traveler data matching which assesses whether travelers are high-risk by matching their information...
Fire Grants: FEMA Could Enhance Program Administration and Performance Assessment
GAO-16-744: Published: Sep 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 15, 2016.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency's (FEMA) Grant Programs Directorate (GPD) revised fire grant policies for the Assistance to Firefighters Grant (AFG), Staffing for Adequate Fire and Emergency Response (SAFER), and Fire Prevention and Safety (FP&S) grant programs in response to the Fire Grants Reauthorization Act of 2012 (FGRA). GPD incorporated a majority of these changes into its existing...
Aviation Security: TSA Should Ensure Testing Data Are Complete and Fully Used to Improve Screener Training and Operations
GAO-16-704: Published: Sep 7, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 7, 2016.
The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) uses a variety of programs to train and evaluate Transportation Security Officers (TSO) who are responsible for screening passengers and baggage for threats to aviation security. For example, by law, TSOs must complete 40 hours of classroom training, 60 hours of on-the-job training, and certification tests before performing screening. Once certified...
DHS Management: Enhanced Oversight Could Better Ensure Programs Receiving Fees and Other Collections Use Funds Efficiently
GAO-16-443: Published: Jul 21, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 21, 2016.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) received $15 billion in fees and other collections across 38 programs in fiscal year 2014 that help fund homeland security functions, such as the screening and inspection of persons and goods entering the United States. Our analysis of DHS collections and cost data showed that 14 of the 38 programs receiving fees and other collections in fiscal year 2014 c...
Critical Infrastructure Protection: DHS Has Made Progress in Enhancing Critical Infrastructure Assessments but Additional Improvements are Needed
GAO-16-791T: Published: Jul 12, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 12, 2016.
GAO's prior work has shown the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has made progress in addressing barriers to conducting voluntary assessments but guidance is needed for DHS's critical infrastructure (CI) vulnerability assessments activities and to address potential duplication and gaps. For example:Determining why some industry partners do not participate in voluntary assessments . In May 201...
Combating Nuclear Smuggling: NNSA's Detection and Deterrence Program Is Addressing Challenges but Should Improve Its Program Plan [Reissued on June 20, 2016]
GAO-16-460: Published: Jun 17, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 17, 2016.
The National Nuclear Security Administration’s (NNSA) Nuclear Smuggling Detection and Deterrence (NSDD) program has developed a program plan that includes four 5-year goals to guide its efforts; however, NSDD cannot measure its progress toward completing key activities and achieving these goals because its program plan does not fully incorporate leading practices for program management. Leading...
Homeland Security Acquisitions: DHS Has Strengthened Management, but Execution and Affordability Concerns Endure
GAO-16-338SP: Published: Mar 31, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 31, 2016.
During 2015, 11 of the 25 Department of Homeland Security (DHS) programs GAO reviewed remained on track to meet their current schedule and cost goals. Eight programs experienced schedule slips, cost growth, or both, including 5 programs with life-cycle cost estimates that increased by a total of 18 percent. For the remaining six programs, DHS leadership had not approved baselines establishing thei...
Homeland Security: Weak Oversight of Human Resources Information Technology Investment Needs Considerable Improvement
GAO-16-407T: Published: Feb 25, 2016. Publicly Released: Feb 25, 2016.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has made very little progress in implementing its Human Resources Information Technology (HRIT) investment over the last several years. This investment includes 15 improvement areas; as of November 2015, DHS had fully implemented only 1.Status and Planned Completion Dates for Implementing the 15 Strategic Improvement Areas, as of November 2015Strategic imp...
Screening Partnership Program: TSA Can Benefit from Improved Cost Estimates
GAO-16-19: Published: Nov 16, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2015.
Based on an analysis of TSA's cost estimating practices and methodology developed in 2013 against best practices, TSA's cost estimates have some strengths, but also have limitations in four general characteristics needed to reflect a high-quality and reliable cost estimate. TSA's cost estimating practices reflect certain strengths, including a revised cost estimating methodology that provides suff...
Aviation Security: Improved Testing, Evaluation, and Performance Measurement Could Enhance Effectiveness
GAO-16-199T: Published: Nov 3, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 3, 2015.
Evaluation of new technologies, programs, and processes . GAO has found that TSA has not consistently evaluated the overall effectiveness of new technologies before adopting them. For example, in March 2014, GAO found that TSA testing of certain Advanced Imaging Technology (AIT) systems—also referred to as full-body scanners—used to screen passengers at airports did not account for all factors...