Border security (51 - 60 of 60 items)
Border Security: Stronger Actions Needed to Assess and Mitigate Risks of the Visa Waiver Program
GAO-06-854: Published: Jul 28, 2006. Publicly Released: Sep 5, 2006.
The Visa Waiver Program enables citizens of 27 countries to travel to the United States for tourism or business for 90 days or less without obtaining a visa. In fiscal year 2004, more than 15 million people entered the country under the program. After the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, the risks that aliens would exploit the program to enter the United States became more of a concern. In t...
Process for Admitting Additional Countries into the Visa Waiver Program
GAO-06-835R: Published: Jul 28, 2006. Publicly Released: Sep 5, 2006.
The Visa Waiver Program enables citizens of 27 participating countries to travel to the United States for tourism or business for 90 days or less without first obtaining a visa. The program was created to promote the effective use of government resources and to facilitate international travel without jeopardizing U.S. national security. Indeed, in fiscal year 2004, more than 15 million travelers e...
Intellectual Property: Initial Observations on the STOP Initiative and U.S. Border Efforts to Reduce Piracy
GAO-06-1004T: Published: Jul 26, 2006. Publicly Released: Jul 26, 2006.
U.S. goods are subject to substantial counterfeiting and piracy, creating health and safety hazards for consumers, damaging victimized companies, and threatening the U.S. economy. In 2004, the Bush administration launched the Strategy for Targeting Organized Piracy (STOP)--a multi-agency effort to better protect intellectual property (IP) by combating piracy and counterfeiting. This testimony, bas...
Combating Nuclear Smuggling: Challenges Facing U.S. Efforts to Deploy Radiation Detection Equipment in Other Countries and in the United States
GAO-06-558T: Published: Mar 28, 2006. Publicly Released: Mar 28, 2006.
GAO is releasing two reports today on U.S. efforts to combat nuclear smuggling in foreign countries and in the United States. Together with the March 2005 report on the Department of Energy's Megaports Initiative, these reports represent GAO's analysis of the U.S. effort to deploy radiation detection equipment worldwide. In my testimony, I will discuss (1) the progress made and challenges faced by...
Border Security: Key Unresolved Issues Justify Reevaluation of Border Surveillance Technology Program
GAO-06-295: Published: Feb 22, 2006. Publicly Released: Feb 22, 2006.
In September 2004, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) established America's Shield Initiative (ASI)--a program that included a system of sensors, cameras, and databases formerly known as the Integrated Surveillance Intelligence System (ISIS)--to detect, characterize, and deter illegal breaches to the northern and southern U.S. borders. The goals of the ASI program were to address ISIS capab...
Border Security: Actions Needed to Strengthen Management of Department of Homeland Security's Visa Security Program
GAO-05-801: Published: Jul 29, 2005. Publicly Released: Jul 29, 2005.
The Homeland Security Act of 2002 required that the Department of Homeland Security's on-site personnel in Saudi Arabia review all visa applications. The act also authorized the expansion of the Visa Security Program to other embassies and consulates to provide expert advice and training to consular officers, among other things. Given the congressional interest in effective implementation of the V...
Homeland Security: Key Cargo Security Programs Can Be Improved
GAO-05-466T: Published: May 26, 2005. Publicly Released: May 26, 2005.
U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) has in place two programs to help address the threat posed by terrorists smuggling weapons of mass destruction (WMD) into the United States: the Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism (C-TPAT) and the Container Security Initiative (CSI). In July 2003, GAO reported that these programs had management challenges that limited their effectiveness. Given pla...
Homeland Security: Some Progress Made, but Many Challenges Remain on U.S. Visitor and Immigrant Status Indicator Technology Program
GAO-05-202: Published: Feb 23, 2005. Publicly Released: Feb 23, 2005.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has established a program--the U.S. Visitor and Immigrant Status Indicator Technology (US-VISIT)--to collect, maintain, and share information, including biometric identifiers, on selected foreign nationals who travel to the United States. By congressional mandate, DHS is to develop and submit for approval an expenditure plan for US-VISIT that satisfies cer...
Border Security: Streamlined Visas Mantis Program Has Lowered Burden on Foreign Science Students and Scholars, but Further Refinements Needed
GAO-05-198: Published: Feb 18, 2005. Publicly Released: Feb 18, 2005.
In February 2004, GAO reported that improvements were needed in the time taken to adjudicate visas for science students and scholars. Specifically, a primary tool used to screen these applicants for visas (the Visas Mantis program) was operating inefficiently. We found that it took an average of 67 days to process Mantis checks, and many cases were pending for 60 days or more. GAO also found that...
Border Security: Implications of Eliminating the Visa Waiver Program
GAO-03-38: Published: Nov 22, 2002. Publicly Released: Nov 22, 2002.
Since the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the U.S. Congress, the administration, law enforcement officials, and the public have questioned the effectiveness of U.S. visa programs in protecting national security. Some have voiced concern that terrorists or other criminals may exploit one of these programs--the Visa Waiver Program--to enter the United States. The program enables citizens of...