Homeland security (1 - 10 of 197 items) in Custom Date Range
Border Security: CBP Aims to Prevent High-Risk Travelers from Boarding U.S.-Bound Flights, but Needs to Evaluate Program Performance
GAO-17-216: Published: Jan 24, 2017. Publicly Released: Jan 24, 2017.
The Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) analyzes traveler data and threat information to identify high-risk travelers before they board U.S.-bound flights. CBP's National Targeting Center (NTC), the primary entity responsible for these analyses, conducts traveler data matching which assesses whether travelers are high-risk by matching their information...
Border Patrol: Actions Needed to Improve Oversight of Post-Apprehension Consequences
GAO-17-66: Published: Jan 12, 2017. Publicly Released: Jan 12, 2017.
The U.S. Border Patrol (Border Patrol), an office within the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) U.S. Customs and Border Protection, uses an annual recidivism rate to measure performance of the Consequence Delivery System (CDS)—a process that identifies consequences as Most Effective and Efficient to deter illegal cross border activity in each sector—however, methodological weaknesses limi...
Fire Grants: FEMA Could Enhance Program Administration and Performance Assessment
GAO-16-744: Published: Sep 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 15, 2016.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency's (FEMA) Grant Programs Directorate (GPD) revised fire grant policies for the Assistance to Firefighters Grant (AFG), Staffing for Adequate Fire and Emergency Response (SAFER), and Fire Prevention and Safety (FP&S) grant programs in response to the Fire Grants Reauthorization Act of 2012 (FGRA). GPD incorporated a majority of these changes into its existing...
Aviation Security: TSA Should Ensure Testing Data Are Complete and Fully Used to Improve Screener Training and Operations
GAO-16-704: Published: Sep 7, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 7, 2016.
The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) uses a variety of programs to train and evaluate Transportation Security Officers (TSO) who are responsible for screening passengers and baggage for threats to aviation security. For example, by law, TSOs must complete 40 hours of classroom training, 60 hours of on-the-job training, and certification tests before performing screening. Once certified...
Federal Air Marshal Service: Actions Needed to Better Incorporate Risk in Deployment Strategy
GAO-16-582: Published: May 31, 2016. Publicly Released: May 31, 2016.
The U.S. Federal Air Marshal Service (FAMS) deploys air marshals in part based on assessed risk, but could better incorporate risk in its deployment strategy. FAMS may deploy air marshals on flights with known risk—meaning certain higher risk flights where the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) or FAMS knows of an increase in the threat or consequence of a terrorist attack—as well as...
Quadrennial Homeland Security Review: Improved Risk Analysis and Stakeholder Consultations Could Enhance Future Reviews
GAO-16-371: Published: Apr 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 15, 2016.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) assessed risk for the second Quadrennial Homeland Security Review (QHSR) and considered threats, vulnerabilities, and consequences; however, DHS did not document how its various analyses were synthesized to generate results, thus limiting the reproducibility and defensibility of the results. Without sufficient documentation, the QHSR risk results cannot ea...
Federal Emergency Management Agency: Progress and Continuing Challenges in National Preparedness Efforts
GAO-16-560T: Published: Apr 12, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 12, 2016.
GAO's recent work highlights both the progress and challenges in the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) Federal Emergency Management Agency's (FEMA) efforts to strengthen federal preparedness.In December 2014, GAO reported that the federal departments responsible for coordinating emergency support functions (ESF) in preparation for national disaster response carry out their responsibilities i...
Southwest Border Security: Additional Actions Needed to Assess Resource Deployment and Progress
GAO-16-465T: Published: Mar 1, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 1, 2016.
U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), has taken action to deploy various resources—including agents and technology—along the southwest border and assess those resources' contributions to border security. For example, in December 2012, GAO reported that CBP's Border Patrol scheduled agents for deployment differently across southwest border l...
Coast Guard Acquisitions: Enhanced Oversight of Testing Could Benefit National Security Cutter Program and Future DHS Acquisitions
GAO-16-314T: Published: Feb 3, 2016. Publicly Released: Feb 3, 2016.
In January 2016, GAO reported that the Navy's Commander, Operational Test and Evaluation Force conducted the initial testing on the National Security Cutter (NSC) in spring 2014, when three of the cutters were already operational. The Navy deemed the NSC operationally effective and suitable. At the same time however, the testing revealed some major deficiencies. Two metrics used to assess an asset...
National Security Cutter: Enhanced Oversight Needed to Ensure Problems Discovered during Testing and Operations Are Addressed
GAO-16-148: Published: Jan 12, 2016. Publicly Released: Jan 12, 2016.
The U.S. Navy, the Coast Guard's independent test agent, completed initial testing for the National Security Cutter (NSC) in April 2014 and rated the NSC as operationally effective and suitable. Still, testing revealed 10 major deficiencies (some are shown in figure). Initial testing is an event designed to verify performance of critical systems to ensure assets are capable of meeting mission requ...