Homeland security (81 - 90 of 158 items)
Border Security: Opportunities to Increase Coordination of Air and Marine Assets
GAO-05-543: Published: Aug 12, 2005. Publicly Released: Sep 12, 2005.
Three agencies of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) have primary responsibility for securing the nation's borders--the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG), Customs and Border Protection (CBP), and Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE). Together, they enforce security across 7,500 miles of land border between the United States and Mexico and Canada, and protect more than 361 seaports and 95,000 mil...
Homeland Security: Agency Resources Address Violations of Restricted Airspace, but Management Improvements Are Needed
GAO-05-928T: Published: Jul 21, 2005. Publicly Released: Jul 21, 2005.
Securing and defending U.S. airspace is an interagency mission that depends on close interagency coordination and information sharing. GAO was asked to review (1) the threat assessment for U.S. aviation, (2) violations of restricted airspace since September 11, 2001, (3) agencies' individual or coordinated steps to secure U.S. aviation, and (4) interagency policies and procedures to manage the res...
Combating Nuclear Smuggling: Efforts to Deploy Radiation Detection Equipment in the United States and in Other Countries
GAO-05-840T: Published: Jun 21, 2005. Publicly Released: Jun 21, 2005.
According to the International Atomic Energy Agency, between 1993 and 2004, there were 650 confirmed cases of illicit trafficking in nuclear and radiological materials worldwide. A significant number of the cases involved material that could be used to produce either a nuclear weapon or a device that uses conventional explosives with radioactive material (known as a "dirty bomb"). Over the past de...
Critical Infrastructure Protection: Department of Homeland Security Faces Challenges in Fulfilling Cybersecurity Responsibilities
GAO-05-434: Published: May 26, 2005. Publicly Released: May 26, 2005.
Increasing computer interconnectivity has revolutionized the way that our government, our nation, and much of the world communicate and conduct business. While the benefits have been enormous, this widespread interconnectivity also poses significant risks to our nation's computer systems and, more importantly, to the critical operations and infrastructures they support. The Homeland Security Act o...
Maritime Security: Enhancements Made, But Implementation and Sustainability Remain Key Challenges
GAO-05-448T: Published: May 17, 2005. Publicly Released: May 17, 2005.
More than 3 years after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, concerns remain over the security of U.S. seaports and waterways. Seaports and waterways are vulnerable given their size, easy accessibility by water and land, large numbers of potential targets, and close proximity to urban areas. Seaports are also a critical link in the international supply chain, which has its own potential vu...
Maritime Security: New Structures Have Improved Information Sharing, but Security Clearance Processing Requires Further Attention
GAO-05-394: Published: Apr 15, 2005. Publicly Released: May 17, 2005.
Sharing information with nonfederal officials is an important tool in federal efforts to secure the nation's ports against a potential terrorist attack. The Coast Guard has lead responsibility in coordinating maritime information sharing efforts. The Coast Guard has established area maritime security committees--forums that involve federal and nonfederal officials who identify and address risks in...
Department of Homeland Security: Addressing Management Challenges That Face Immigration Enforcement Agencies
GAO-05-664T: Published: May 5, 2005. Publicly Released: May 5, 2005.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) assumed responsibility for the immigration programs of the former Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) in 2003. The three DHS bureaus with primary responsibility for immigration functions are U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), and U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (CIS). This testimony...
Homeland Security: Federal and Industry Efforts Are Addressing Security Issues at Chemical Facilities, but Additional Action Is Needed
GAO-05-631T: Published: Apr 27, 2005. Publicly Released: Apr 27, 2005.
Terrorist attacks on chemical facilities could severely damage the U.S. economy and public health. About 15,000 facilities produce, use, or store large amounts of chemicals that pose the greatest risk to human health and the environment. While the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) formerly had the lead role in federal efforts to ensure chemical facility security, the Department of Homeland Sec...
Anthrax Detection: Agencies Need to Validate Sampling Activities in Order to Increase Confidence in Negative Reults
GAO-05-493T: Published: Apr 5, 2005. Publicly Released: Apr 5, 2005.
In September and October 2001, letters laced with Bacillus anthracis (anthrax) spores were sent through the mail to two U.S. senators and to members of the media. These letters led to the first U.S. cases of anthrax disease related to bioterrorism. In all, 22 individuals, in four states and Washington, D.C., contracted anthrax disease; 5 died. These cases prompted the Subcommittee to ask GAO to de...
Anthrax Detection: Agencies Need to Validate Sampling Activities in Order to Increase Confidence in Negative Results
GAO-05-251: Published: Mar 31, 2005. Publicly Released: Apr 5, 2005.
In September and October 2001, letters laced with Bacillus anthracis (anthrax) spores were sent through the mail to two U.S. senators and to members of the media. These letters led to the first U.S. cases of anthrax disease related to bioterrorism. In all, 22 individuals, in four states and Washington, D.C., contracted anthrax disease; 5 died. These cases prompted Congress to ask GAO to describe a...