Emergency preparedness (31 - 40 of 73 items)
Homeland Security: Much Is Being Done to Protect Agriculture from a Terrorist Attack, but Important Challenges Remain
GAO-05-214: Published: Mar 8, 2005. Publicly Released: Mar 8, 2005.
U.S. agriculture generates more than $1 trillion per year in economic activity and provides an abundant food supply for Americans and others. Since the September 11, 2001, attacks, there are new concerns about the vulnerability of U.S. agriculture to the deliberate introduction of animal and plant diseases (agroterrorism). Several agencies, including the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), the...
Homeland Security: Agency Plans, Implementation, and Challenges Regarding the National Strategy for Homeland Security
GAO-05-33: Published: Jan 14, 2005. Publicly Released: Feb 14, 2005.
The National Strategy for Homeland Security sets forth a plan to improve homeland security through the cooperation of federal, state, local, and private sector organizations on an array of functions. These functions are organized into the six distinct "critical mission areas" of (1) intelligence and warning, (2) border and transportation security, (3) domestic counterterrorism, (4) protecting crit...
Homeland Security: Federal Leadership Needed to Facilitate Interoperable Communications Between First Responders
GAO-04-1057T: Published: Sep 8, 2004. Publicly Released: Sep 8, 2004.
Lives of first responders and those whom they are trying to assist can be lost when first responders cannot communicate effectively as needed. This testimony addresses issues of determining the status of interoperable wireless communications across the nation, the potential roles that federal, state, and local governments can play in improving these communications, and the need to structure grant...
9/11 Commission Report: Reorganization, Transformation, and Information Sharing
GAO-04-1033T: Published: Aug 3, 2004. Publicly Released: Aug 3, 2004.
The sorrow, loss, anger, and resolve so evident immediately following the September 11, 2001, attacks have been combined in an effort to help assure that our country will never again be caught unprepared. As the 9/11 Commission notes, we are safer today but we are not safe, and much work remains. Although in today's world we can never be 100 percent secure, and we can never do everything everywher...
Homeland Security: DHS Needs a Strategy to Use DOE's Laboratories for Research on Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Detection and Response Technologies
GAO-04-653: Published: May 24, 2004. Publicly Released: May 24, 2004.
Success in the war against terrorism requires the United States to effectively research, develop, and deploy technologies to detect and respond to the use of nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons. The Homeland Security Act of 2002 gave the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) the ability to use laboratories owned by the Department of Energy (DOE) to conduct research and development (R&D) of t...
Homeland Security: Selected Recommendations from Congressionally Chartered Commissions and GAO
GAO-04-591: Published: Mar 31, 2004. Publicly Released: Apr 30, 2004.
Terrorist attacks, both before and after September 11, 2001, have increased congressional concerns regarding the complexity, funding, and oversight of federal programs designed to combat terrorism and ensure homeland security. Hundreds of recommendations have been made by nationally chartered commissions and GAO to further improve our nation's strategic planning and program development in homeland...
Port Security: Nation Faces Formidable Challenges in Making New Initiatives Successful
GAO-02-993T: Published: Aug 5, 2002. Publicly Released: Aug 5, 2002.
Although most of the attention following the September 11 terrorist attacks focused on airport security, an increasing emphasis has since been placed on ports. Ports are inherently vulnerable to terrorist attacks because of their size, generally open accessibility by water and land, metropolitan area location, the amount of material being transported through ports, and the ready transportation lin...
Homeland Security: New Department Could Improve Coordination but Transferring Control of Certain Public Health Programs Raises Concerns
GAO-02-954T: Published: Jul 16, 2002. Publicly Released: Jul 16, 2002.
Federal, state, and local governments share responsibility for terrorist attacks. However, local government, including police and fire departments, emergency medical personnel, and public health agencies, is typically the first responder to an incident. The federal government historically has provided leadership, training, and funding assistance. In the aftermath of September 11, for instance, one...
Critical Infrastructure Protection: Federal Efforts Require a More Coordinated and Comprehensive Approach for Protecting Information Systems
GAO-02-474: Published: Jul 15, 2002. Publicly Released: Jul 15, 2002.
Critical infrastructure protection (CIP) involves activities that enhance the security of the nation's cyber and physical public and private infrastructures that are essential to national security, economic activity, and public health and safety. At least 50 federal organizations within 13 major departments and agencies mentioned in Presidential Decision Directive 63 are involved in CIP activities...
Homeland Security: Title III of the Homeland Security Act of 2002
GAO-02-927T: Published: Jul 9, 2002. Publicly Released: Jul 9, 2002.
Title III of the proposed Department of Homeland Security legislation would task the new department with developing national policy and coordinating the federal government's research and development efforts for responding to chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear threats. It would also transfer to the new department responsibility for certain research and development programs and other ac...