Homeland security (31 - 40 of 1,032 items) in Custom Date Range
Critical Infrastructure Protection: DHS Has Made Progress in Enhancing Critical Infrastructure Assessments but Additional Improvements are Needed
GAO-16-791T: Published: Jul 12, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 12, 2016.
GAO's prior work has shown the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has made progress in addressing barriers to conducting voluntary assessments but guidance is needed for DHS's critical infrastructure (CI) vulnerability assessments activities and to address potential duplication and gaps. For example:Determining why some industry partners do not participate in voluntary assessments . In May 201...
Critical Infrastructure Protection: Improvements Needed for DHS's Chemical Facility Whistleblower Report Process
GAO-16-572: Published: Jul 12, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 12, 2016.
Of the 105 reports that the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) received under its interim process for whistleblowers from June 16, 2015 (the date DHS was mandated to begin collecting reports by), to April 19, 2016, DHS closed 97 because they did not pertain to Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS) regulations, and referred 70 of the 97 to other federal agencies with legal authority...
Maritime Security: Progress and Challenges in Implementing Maritime Cargo Security Programs
GAO-16-790T: Published: Jul 7, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 7, 2016.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) have made substantial progress in implementing initiatives and programs that, collectively, have enhanced cargo security, but some challenges remain. Examples of progress and challenges are discussed below.Risk Assessments of Cargo Shipments . In January 2015, GAO found that CBP did not have accurate data on th...
Defense Civil Support: DOD Has Made Progress Incorporating the Homeland Response Force into the Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear Response Enterprise
GAO-16-599: Published: Jun 28, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 28, 2016.
The National Guard has determined, through established capabilities and readiness measures, that the Homeland Response Force (HRF) is ready to conduct the HRF mission if called upon. The Department of Defense's (DOD) National Guard Bureau uses an evaluation of necessary tasks and actions as a primary measure of HRF capabilities and DOD's Defense Readiness Reporting System as a primary measure of r...
Combating Nuclear Smuggling: NNSA's Detection and Deterrence Program Is Addressing Challenges but Should Improve Its Program Plan [Reissued on June 20, 2016]
GAO-16-460: Published: Jun 17, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 17, 2016.
The National Nuclear Security Administration’s (NNSA) Nuclear Smuggling Detection and Deterrence (NSDD) program has developed a program plan that includes four 5-year goals to guide its efforts; however, NSDD cannot measure its progress toward completing key activities and achieving these goals because its program plan does not fully incorporate leading practices for program management. Leading...
Coast Guard: Actions Underway to Develop Acquisition Plans that Reflect New Assets and Improve the Asset Allocation Process
GAO-16-633T: Published: Jun 14, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 14, 2016.
Since the U.S. Coast Guard developed acquisition plans for its asset recapitalization program, many of the assumptions that initially informed these documents, including its 2005 Mission Needs Statement baseline, are no longer accurate. For example, in March 2015, GAO reported that the Coast Guard received an unexpected transfer of 14 C-27J aircraft from the Air Force, representing a significant c...
Aviation Security: TSA Is Taking Steps to Improve Expedited Screening Effectiveness, but Improvements in Screener Oversight Are Needed
GAO-16-707T: Published: Jun 7, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 7, 2016.
The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) has taken steps intended to improve the security effectiveness of expedited passenger screening since GAO reported on it in December 2014. These steps includeAdjusting the TSA Pre✓® Risk Assessment program algorithm used to assign passengers scores and identify low risk passengers;Limiting the use of Managed Inclusion to airports that employ cani...
Visa Waiver Program: DHS Should Take Steps to Ensure Timeliness of Information Needed to Protect U.S. National Security
GAO-16-498: Published: May 5, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 6, 2016.
All 38 countries participating in the Visa Waiver Program (VWP) have entered into required agreements, or their equivalents, to (1) report lost and stolen passports, (2) share identity information about known or suspected terrorists, and (3) share criminal history information. However, not all countries have shared information through the agreements. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) repor...
Federal Air Marshal Service: Actions Needed to Better Incorporate Risk in Deployment Strategy
GAO-16-582: Published: May 31, 2016. Publicly Released: May 31, 2016.
The U.S. Federal Air Marshal Service (FAMS) deploys air marshals in part based on assessed risk, but could better incorporate risk in its deployment strategy. FAMS may deploy air marshals on flights with known risk—meaning certain higher risk flights where the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) or FAMS knows of an increase in the threat or consequence of a terrorist attack—as well as...
Disaster Recovery: FEMA Needs to Assess Its Effectiveness in Implementing the National Disaster Recovery Framework
GAO-16-476: Published: May 26, 2016. Publicly Released: May 26, 2016.
The Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) is responsible for implementing the National Disaster Recovery Framework (NDRF) and working in partnership with states as they play a lead role in the recovery process. As shown in the figure below, FEMA coordinates federal recovery stakeholders using six Recovery Support Functions—structures through which fed...