Risk assessment (11 - 20 of 165 items)
Quadrennial Homeland Security Review: Improved Risk Analysis and Stakeholder Consultations Could Enhance Future Reviews
GAO-16-371: Published: Apr 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 15, 2016.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) assessed risk for the second Quadrennial Homeland Security Review (QHSR) and considered threats, vulnerabilities, and consequences; however, DHS did not document how its various analyses were synthesized to generate results, thus limiting the reproducibility and defensibility of the results. Without sufficient documentation, the QHSR risk results cannot ea...
Emergency Management: Improved Federal Coordination Could Better Assist K-12 Schools Prepare for Emergencies
GAO-16-144: Published: Mar 10, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 11, 2016.
The Departments of Education (Education), Health and Human Services (HHS), Homeland Security (DHS), and Justice (Justice) support K-12 schools in preparing for emergencies with various resources, including training, technical assistance, and funding, but their efforts are not strategically coordinated. Since jointly issuing a Guide for Developing High-Quality School Emergency Operations Plans in...
Critical Infrastructure Protection: Sector-Specific Agencies Need to Better Measure Cybersecurity Progress
GAO-16-79: Published: Nov 19, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 19, 2015.
Sector-specific agencies (SSA) determined the significance of cyber risk to networks and industrial control systems for all 15 of the sectors in the scope of GAO's review. Specifically, they determined that cyber risk was significant for 11 of 15 sectors. Although the SSAs for the remaining four sectors had not determined cyber risks to be significant during their 2010 sector-specific planning pro...
Combating Nuclear Smuggling: Risk-Informed Covert Assessments and Oversight of Corrective Actions Could Strengthen Capabilities at the Border
GAO-16-191T: Published: Oct 27, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 27, 2015.
In its September 2014 report, GAO reported that the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) U.S. Customs and Border Protection's (CBP) Operational Field Testing Division (OFTD) conducted 144 covert operations at 86 locations from fiscal years 2006 through 2013. OFTD selected these locations from a total of 655 U.S. air, land, and sea port facilities; checkpoints; and certain international locations...
Immigrant Investor Program: Additional Actions Needed to Better Assess Fraud Risks and Report Economic Benefits
GAO-15-696: Published: Aug 12, 2015. Publicly Released: Aug 12, 2015.
The Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) administers the Employment-Based Fifth Preference Immigrant Investor Program (EB-5 Program) and collaborated with its interagency partners to assess fraud and national security risks in the program in fiscal years 2012 and 2015. Unique fraud risks identified in the program included uncertainties in verify...
Critical Infrastructure Protection: DHS Action Needed to Verify Some Chemical Facility Information and Manage Compliance Process
GAO-15-614: Published: Jul 22, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 22, 2015.
Since 2007, the Office of Infrastructure Protection's Infrastructure Security Compliance Division (ISCD), within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), has identified and collected data from approximately 37,000 chemical facilities under its Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS) program and categorized approximately 2,900 as high-risk based on the collected data. However, ISCD use...
Chemical and Biological Defense: Designated Entity Needed to Identify, Align, and Manage DOD's Infrastructure
GAO-15-257: Published: Jun 25, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 25, 2015.
A key component of the 26 Department of Defense (DOD) organizations that constitute the Chemical and Biological Defense Program (CBDP) Enterprise is the chemical and biological defense research and development and test and evaluation infrastructure. After nearly 7 years, the CBDP Enterprise has not fully achieved its goal to identify required infrastructure capabilities. The Joint Chemical, Biolog...
Homeland Security: Actions Needed to Better Manage Security Screening at Federal Buildings and Courthouses
GAO-15-445: Published: Mar 31, 2015. Publicly Released: Apr 30, 2015.
The Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) Federal Protective Service (FPS) and the Department of Justice's (DOJ) United States Marshals Service (USMS) experience a range of challenges in their efforts to provide effective security screening, including:Building characteristics and location may limit security options: many General Services Administration (GSA) buildings were designed and construct...
Homeland Security: Action Needed to Better Assess Cost-Effectiveness of Security Enhancements at Federal Facilities [Reissued on April 2, 2015]
GAO-15-444: Published: Mar 24, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 24, 2015.
The federal civilian entities GAO selected—the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), the General Services Administration (GSA), the Department of Justice's United States Marshals Service (USMS), the Smithsonian Institution (Smithsonian), and the Social Security Administration (SSA)—have implemented a range of enhancements to improve physical securi...
Aviation Security: TSA's Managed Inclusion Process Expands Passenger Expedited Screening, But TSA Has Not Tested Its Security Effectiveness
GAO-15-465T: Published: Mar 25, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 25, 2015.
The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) implemented its expedited screening program—known as TSA Pre✓TM—in 2011.TSA uses the following methods to assess whether a passenger is low risk and therefore eligible for expedited screening.(1) Approved TSA Pre✓ TM lists of known travelers —These lists are comprised of individuals whom TSA has determined to be low risk by virtue of their...