Strategic planning (1 - 10 of 152 items) in Custom Date Range
Emergency Communications: Effectiveness of the Post-Katrina Interagency Coordination Group Could Be Enhanced
GAO-16-681: Published: Jul 14, 2016. Publicly Released: Aug 15, 2016.
Implementation of the Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006 (PKEMRA) provisions related to emergency communications planning and federal coordination has enhanced federal support for state and local efforts; however, federal coordination could be improved. PKEMRA created within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) the Office of Emergency Communications, which has taken a number...
Disaster Recovery: FEMA Needs to Assess Its Effectiveness in Implementing the National Disaster Recovery Framework
GAO-16-476: Published: May 26, 2016. Publicly Released: May 26, 2016.
The Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) is responsible for implementing the National Disaster Recovery Framework (NDRF) and working in partnership with states as they play a lead role in the recovery process. As shown in the figure below, FEMA coordinates federal recovery stakeholders using six Recovery Support Functions—structures through which fed...
Critical Infrastructure Protection: Federal Agencies Have Taken Actions to Address Electromagnetic Risks, but Opportunities Exist to Further Assess Risks and Strengthen Collaboration
GAO-16-243: Published: Mar 24, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 25, 2016.
Key federal agencies have taken various actions to address electromagnetic risks to the electric grid, and some actions align with the recommendations made in 2008 by the Commission to Assess the Threat to the United States from Electromagnetic Pulse Attack (EMP Commission). Since 2008, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), the Department of Energy (DOE), and the Federal Energy Regulatory Com...
Biodefense: The Nation Faces Multiple Challenges in Building and Maintaining Biodefense and Biosurveillance
GAO-16-547T: Published: Apr 14, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 14, 2016.
The biodefense enterprise is fragmented and does not have strategic oversight to promote efficiency and accountability. Specifically, the biodefense enterprise lacks institutionalized leadership enterprise-wide to provide strategic oversight and coordination. In 2011, GAO reported, there are more than two dozen presidentially appointed individuals with biodefense responsibilities and numerous fede...
Federal Emergency Management Agency: Progress and Continuing Challenges in National Preparedness Efforts
GAO-16-560T: Published: Apr 12, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 12, 2016.
GAO's recent work highlights both the progress and challenges in the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) Federal Emergency Management Agency's (FEMA) efforts to strengthen federal preparedness.In December 2014, GAO reported that the federal departments responsible for coordinating emergency support functions (ESF) in preparation for national disaster response carry out their responsibilities i...
Emergency Management: Improved Federal Coordination Could Better Assist K-12 Schools Prepare for Emergencies
GAO-16-144: Published: Mar 10, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 11, 2016.
The Departments of Education (Education), Health and Human Services (HHS), Homeland Security (DHS), and Justice (Justice) support K-12 schools in preparing for emergencies with various resources, including training, technical assistance, and funding, but their efforts are not strategically coordinated. Since jointly issuing a Guide for Developing High-Quality School Emergency Operations Plans in...
Civil Support: DOD Needs to Clarify Its Roles and Responsibilities for Defense Support of Civil Authorities during Cyber Incidents
GAO-16-332: Published: Apr 4, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 4, 2016.
The Department of Defense (DOD) has developed overarching guidance about how it is to support civil authorities as part of its Defense Support of Civil Authorities (DSCA) mission, but DOD's guidance does not clearly define its roles and responsibilities for cyber incidents. Specifically, DOD has developed and issued key DSCA guidance—such as DOD Directive 3025.18, Defense Support of Civil Author...
Emergency Communications: Actions Needed to Better Coordinate Federal Efforts in the National Capital Region
GAO-16-249: Published: Mar 10, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 10, 2016.
The Office of National Capital Region Coordination (ONCRC), within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), has taken various actions, mainly through coordination with state and local agencies, to help improve emergency communications interoperability in the National Capital Region (NCR), a legally-designated area including Washington, D.C. and nearby parts of Virginia and Maryland. For example:...
Disaster Response: FEMA Has Made Progress Implementing Key Programs, but Opportunities for Improvement Exist
GAO-16-87: Published: Feb 5, 2016. Publicly Released: Feb 5, 2016.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has taken steps to implement, assess, and improve select disaster response programs, but GAO identified opportunities to strengthen program management. Specifically, GAO found that FEMA uses leading management practices in implementing its Urban Search and Rescue (US&R) program. For example, FEMA has aligned the mission of the US&R Program--to save li...
Emergency Preparedness: Opportunities Exist to Strengthen Interagency Assessments and Accountability for Closing Capability Gaps [Reissued on December 9, 2015]
GAO-15-20: Published: Dec 4, 2014. Publicly Released: Dec 19, 2014.
The departments that coordinate federal emergency support functions (ESF), in preparation for national disaster response, carry out their responsibilities in various ways, but the Secretary of Homeland Security's ability to assess ESF preparedness could be enhanced. ESF coordinators conduct a range of coordination, planning, and capability assessment activities. All 10 ESF coordinators across the...