Homeland security (11 - 20 of 244 items)
Civil Support: DOD Needs to Clarify Its Roles and Responsibilities for Defense Support of Civil Authorities during Cyber Incidents
GAO-16-332: Published: Apr 4, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 4, 2016.
The Department of Defense (DOD) has developed overarching guidance about how it is to support civil authorities as part of its Defense Support of Civil Authorities (DSCA) mission, but DOD's guidance does not clearly define its roles and responsibilities for cyber incidents. Specifically, DOD has developed and issued key DSCA guidance—such as DOD Directive 3025.18, Defense Support of Civil Author...
Emergency Communications: Actions Needed to Better Coordinate Federal Efforts in the National Capital Region
GAO-16-249: Published: Mar 10, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 10, 2016.
The Office of National Capital Region Coordination (ONCRC), within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), has taken various actions, mainly through coordination with state and local agencies, to help improve emergency communications interoperability in the National Capital Region (NCR), a legally-designated area including Washington, D.C. and nearby parts of Virginia and Maryland. For example:...
Disaster Response: FEMA Has Made Progress Implementing Key Programs, but Opportunities for Improvement Exist
GAO-16-87: Published: Feb 5, 2016. Publicly Released: Feb 5, 2016.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has taken steps to implement, assess, and improve select disaster response programs, but GAO identified opportunities to strengthen program management. Specifically, GAO found that FEMA uses leading management practices in implementing its Urban Search and Rescue (US&R) program. For example, FEMA has aligned the mission of the US&R Program--to save li...
Federal Emergency Management Agency: Strengthening Regional Coordination Could Enhance Preparedness Efforts
GAO-16-38: Published: Feb 4, 2016. Publicly Released: Feb 4, 2016.
GAO found that the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has taken some steps, but has not fully addressed, preparedness grant management coordination challenges between headquarters and its regions. For several preparedness grant programs, FEMA headquarters and regions share management and monitoring responsibilities. Assessments by FEMA and others sin...
Emergency Preparedness: Opportunities Exist to Strengthen Interagency Assessments and Accountability for Closing Capability Gaps [Reissued on December 9, 2015]
GAO-15-20: Published: Dec 4, 2014. Publicly Released: Dec 19, 2014.
The departments that coordinate federal emergency support functions (ESF), in preparation for national disaster response, carry out their responsibilities in various ways, but the Secretary of Homeland Security's ability to assess ESF preparedness could be enhanced. ESF coordinators conduct a range of coordination, planning, and capability assessment activities. All 10 ESF coordinators across the...
Biosurveillance: Additional Planning, Oversight, and Coordination Needed to Enhance National Capability
GAO-15-664T: Published: Jul 8, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 8, 2015.
In June 2010, GAO reported that there was neither a comprehensive national strategy nor a designated focal point with the authority and resources to guide development of a national biosurveillance capability. Further, in October 2011, GAO reported that states and local agencies faced challenges in developing and maintaining their biosurveillance capabilities, such as obtaining resources for an ade...
National Preparedness: Actions Taken by FEMA to Implement Select Provisions of the Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006
GAO-14-99R: Published: Nov 26, 2013. Publicly Released: Nov 26, 2013.
In summary, GAO found that the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) reported taking various actions to address each of the five provisions of the Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006 (Post-Katrina Act) that GAO reviewed.6 U.S.C. 319 (b)(2)(C): In response to this provision--which requires FEMA to revise the Catastrophic Incident Annex (the Annex) to the National Response Plan...
Civil Support: Actions Are Needed to Improve DOD's Planning for a Complex Catastrophe
GAO-13-763: Published: Sep 30, 2013. Publicly Released: Nov 20, 2013.
U.S. Northern Command (NORTHCOM) and U.S. Pacific Command (PACOM) are updating their existing civil support plans to include a complex catastrophe scenario, as directed by the Secretary of Defense and the Joint Staff. However, the commands are delaying the identification of capabilities that could be provided to execute the plans until the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), the lead feder...
Maritime Security: DHS Could Benefit from Tracking Progress in Implementing the Small Vessel Security Strategy
GAO-14-32: Published: Oct 31, 2013. Publicly Released: Nov 19, 2013.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and its components--such as the U.S. Coast Guard and Customs and Border Protection (CBP)--have started or completed initiatives to address small vessel security risks, but DHS is not tracking the progress being made to address action items in the Small Vessel Security Strategy (SVSS) Implementation Plan. "Small vessels" are characterized as any watercraft-...
Nuclear Terrorism Response Plans: Major Cities Could Benefit from Federal Guidance on Responding to Nuclear and Radiological Attacks
GAO-13-736: Published: Sep 30, 2013. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 2013.
Many emergency managers from the 27 major cities responding to GAO's questionnaire, although not all, reported that their city had assessed the risks of a terrorist attack using a radiological dispersal device (RDD) or improvised nuclear device (IND) and had ranked the risk of these attacks as lower than the risk of other hazards they face. Also, 11 of the 27 reported that they had completed RDD r...