Biological warfare (11 - 20 of 44 items)
DOD Excess Property: Risk Assessment Needed on Public Sales of Equipment That Could Be Used to Make Biological Agents
GAO-04-81TNI: Published: Oct 7, 2003. Publicly Released: Oct 7, 2003.
Due to continuing concerns about bioterrorism and the potential for future anthrax attacks, GAO was asked to audit controls over public sales of excess DOD biological equipment and chemical and biological protective clothing that could be used to produce and disseminate biological warfare agents. GAO used a case study approach to determine (1) the extent to which DOD is selling biological equipmen...
Infectious Diseases: Gaps Remain in Surveillance Capabilities of State and Local Agencies
GAO-03-1176T: Published: Sep 24, 2003. Publicly Released: Sep 24, 2003.
Recent challenges, such as the SARS outbreak and the anthrax incidents in the fall of 2001, have raised concerns about the nation's preparedness for a large-scale infectious disease outbreak or bioterrorism event. In order to be adequately prepared for such a major public health threat, state and local public health agencies need to have several basic capabilities, including disease surveillance s...
Hospital Preparedness: Most Urban Hospitals Have Emergency Plans but Lack Certain Capacities for Bioterrorism Response
GAO-03-924: Published: Aug 6, 2003. Publicly Released: Aug 6, 2003.
In the event of a large-scale infectious disease outbreak, as could be seen with a bioterrorist attack, hospitals and their emergency departments would be on the front line. Federal, state, and local officials are concerned, however, that hospitals may not have the capacity to accept and treat a sudden, large increase in the number of patients, as might be seen in a bioterrorist attack. In the Pub...
Bioterrorism: Preparedness Varied across State and Local Jurisdictions
GAO-03-373: Published: Apr 7, 2003. Publicly Released: Apr 7, 2003.
Much of the response to a bioterrorist attack would occur at the local level. Many local areas and their supporting state agencies, however, may not be adequately prepared to respond to such an attack. In the Public Health Improvement Act that was passed in 2000, Congress directed GAO to examine state and local preparedness for a bioterrorist attack. In this report GAO provides information on stat...
Anthrax Vaccine: GAO's Survey of Guard and Reserve Pilots and Aircrew
GAO-02-445: Published: Sep 20, 2002. Publicly Released: Oct 22, 2002.
GAO reviewed the views of pilots and aircrew members of the Air National Guard and Air Force Reserve regarding the Anthrax Vaccine Immunization Program (AVIP) of the Department of Defense (DOD). In December 1997, the Secretary of Defense announced a plan to inoculate U.S. forces against the potential battlefield use of anthrax as a biological warfare (BW) agent. In the context of the conventional...
Homeland Security: New Department Could Improve Coordination but Transferring Control of Certain Public Health Programs Raises Concerns
GAO-02-954T: Published: Jul 16, 2002. Publicly Released: Jul 16, 2002.
Federal, state, and local governments share responsibility for terrorist attacks. However, local government, including police and fire departments, emergency medical personnel, and public health agencies, is typically the first responder to an incident. The federal government historically has provided leadership, training, and funding assistance. In the aftermath of September 11, for instance, one...
Homeland Security: Title III of the Homeland Security Act of 2002
GAO-02-927T: Published: Jul 9, 2002. Publicly Released: Jul 9, 2002.
Title III of the proposed Department of Homeland Security legislation would task the new department with developing national policy and coordinating the federal government's research and development efforts for responding to chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear threats. It would also transfer to the new department responsibility for certain research and development programs and other ac...
Homeland Security: New Department Could Improve Coordination but May Complicate Priority Setting
GAO-02-893T: Published: Jun 28, 2002. Publicly Released: Jun 28, 2002.
Since the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, and the subsequent anthrax incidents, there has been concern about the ability of the federal government to prepare for and coordinate an effective public health response given the broad distribution of responsibility for that task at the federal level. More then 20 federal departments and agencies carry some responsibility for bioterrorism prepar...
Homeland Security: New Department Could Improve Coordination but May Complicate Public Health Priority Setting
GAO-02-883T: Published: Jun 25, 2002. Publicly Released: Jun 25, 2002.
Since the terrorist attacks of September 2001, and the subsequent anthrax incidents, there has been concern about the ability of the federal government to prepare for and coordinate an effective public health response to such events. More than 20 federal departments and agencies carry some responsibility for bioterrorism preparedness and response. Emergency response is further complicated by the n...
Bioterrorism: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Role in Public Health Protection
GAO-02-235T: Published: Nov 15, 2001. Publicly Released: Nov 15, 2001.
Federal research and preparedness activities related to bioterrorism center on detection; the development of vaccines, antibiotics, and antivirals; and the development of performance standards for emergency response equipment. Preparedness activities include (1) increasing federal, state, and local response capabilities; (2) developing response teams; (3) increasing the availability of medical tre...