Homeland security (81 - 90 of 196 items)
Homeland Security: Much Is Being Done to Protect Agriculture from a Terrorist Attack, but Important Challenges Remain
GAO-05-214: Published: Mar 8, 2005. Publicly Released: Mar 8, 2005.
U.S. agriculture generates more than $1 trillion per year in economic activity and provides an abundant food supply for Americans and others. Since the September 11, 2001, attacks, there are new concerns about the vulnerability of U.S. agriculture to the deliberate introduction of animal and plant diseases (agroterrorism). Several agencies, including the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), the...
Homeland Security: Management of First Responder Grant Programs Has Improved, but Challenges Remain
GAO-05-121: Published: Feb 2, 2005. Publicly Released: Mar 3, 2005.
The Office for Domestic Preparedness (ODP)--originally established in 1998 within the Department of Justice to help state and local first responders acquire specialized training and equipment needed to respond to terrorist incidents--was transferred to the Department of Homeland Security upon its creation in March 2003. After September 11, 2001, the scope and size of ODP's grant programs expanded...
Wastewater Facilities: Experts' Views on How Federal Funds Should Be Spent to Improve Security
GAO-05-165: Published: Jan 31, 2005. Publicly Released: Mar 2, 2005.
Since the events of September 11, 2001, the security of the nation's drinking water and wastewater infrastructure has received increased attention from Congress and the executive branch. Wastewater facilities in the United States provide essential services to residential, commercial, and industrial users by collecting and treating wastewater and discharging it into receiving waters. These faciliti...
Aviation Security: Measures for Testing the Impact of Using Commercial Data for the Secure Flight Program
GAO-05-324: Published: Feb 23, 2005. Publicly Released: Feb 23, 2005.
The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) is developing a new passenger prescreening program, known as Secure Flight. Under the Secure Flight program, TSA plans to take over, from commercial airlines, the responsibility for comparing identifying information of domestic airline passengers against information on known or suspected terrorists. TSA is also considering using commercial data as p...
Border Security: Streamlined Visas Mantis Program Has Lowered Burden on Foreign Science Students and Scholars, but Further Refinements Needed
GAO-05-198: Published: Feb 18, 2005. Publicly Released: Feb 18, 2005.
In February 2004, GAO reported that improvements were needed in the time taken to adjudicate visas for science students and scholars. Specifically, a primary tool used to screen these applicants for visas (the Visas Mantis program) was operating inefficiently. We found that it took an average of 67 days to process Mantis checks, and many cases were pending for 60 days or more. GAO also found that...
Homeland Security: Process for Reporting Lessons Learned from Seaport Exercises Needs Further Attention
GAO-05-170: Published: Jan 14, 2005. Publicly Released: Feb 16, 2005.
Seaports are a critical vulnerability in the nation's defense against terrorism. They are potential entry points for bombs or other devices smuggled into cargo ships and ports' often-sprawling nature presents many potential targets for attack. To assess the response procedures that would be implemented in an attack or security incident, officials conduct port-specific exercises. Many federal, stat...
Homeland Security: Agency Plans, Implementation, and Challenges Regarding the National Strategy for Homeland Security
GAO-05-33: Published: Jan 14, 2005. Publicly Released: Feb 14, 2005.
The National Strategy for Homeland Security sets forth a plan to improve homeland security through the cooperation of federal, state, local, and private sector organizations on an array of functions. These functions are organized into the six distinct "critical mission areas" of (1) intelligence and warning, (2) border and transportation security, (3) domestic counterterrorism, (4) protecting crit...
Homeland Security: Further Actions Needed to Coordinate Federal Agencies' Facility Protection Efforts and Promote Key Practices
GAO-05-49: Published: Nov 30, 2004. Publicly Released: Jan 4, 2005.
The war on terrorism has made physical security for federal facilities a governmentwide concern. The Interagency Security Committee (ISC), which is chaired by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), is tasked with coordinating federal agencies' facility protection efforts, developing protection standards, and overseeing implementation. GAO's objectives were to (1) assess ISC's progress in fulfi...
General Aviation Security: Increased Federal Oversight Is Needed, but Continued Partnership with the Private Sector Is Critical to Long-Term Success
GAO-05-144: Published: Nov 10, 2004. Publicly Released: Dec 10, 2004.
Federal intelligence agencies have reported that in the past, terrorists have considered using general aviation aircraft (all aviation other than commercial and military) for terrorist acts, and that the September 11th terrorists learned to fly at general aviation flight schools. The questions GAO answered regarding the status of general aviation security included (1) What actions has the federal...
Port Security: Better Planning Needed to Develop and Operate Maritime Worker Identification Card Program
GAO-05-106: Published: Dec 10, 2004. Publicly Released: Dec 10, 2004.
As part of a multilayered effort to strengthen port security, the Maritime Transportation Security Act (MTSA) of 2002 calls for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to issue a worker identification card that uses biological metrics, such as fingerprints, to control access to secure areas of ports or ships. Charged with the responsibility for developing this card, the Transportation Security A...