Counterterrorism (121 - 130 of 229 items)
Port Security: Better Planning Needed to Develop and Operate Maritime Worker Identification Card Program
GAO-05-106: Published: Dec 10, 2004. Publicly Released: Dec 10, 2004.
As part of a multilayered effort to strengthen port security, the Maritime Transportation Security Act (MTSA) of 2002 calls for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to issue a worker identification card that uses biological metrics, such as fingerprints, to control access to secure areas of ports or ships. Charged with the responsibility for developing this card, the Transportation Security A...
Aviation Security: Preliminary Observations on TSA's Progress to Allow Airports to Use Private Passenger and Baggage Screening Services
GAO-05-126: Published: Nov 19, 2004. Publicly Released: Nov 19, 2004.
Beginning on November 19, 2004, the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) is required by law to begin allowing commercial airports to apply to use private contractors to screen passengers and checked baggage. A federal workforce has performed this work since November 2002, in response to a congressional mandate that the federal government take over screening services after the terrorist att...
Homeland Security: Effective Regional Coordination Can Enhance Emergency Preparedness
GAO-04-1009: Published: Sep 15, 2004. Publicly Released: Oct 15, 2004.
As requested, GAO reviewed coordination practices in various metropolitan areas to find regional programs with lessons learned that could be applied in the National Capital Region (NCR) and elsewhere. We addressed the following questions: (1) In selected metropolitan areas, what factors enhance regional coordination? (2) What features of federal programs enhance regional emergency preparedness coo...
Maritime Security: Better Planning Needed to Help Ensure an Effective Port Security Assessment Program
GAO-04-1062: Published: Sep 30, 2004. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 2004.
Created in the wake of the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, the Port Security Assessment Program was designed to evaluate security at the nation's 55 most economically and militarily strategic ports. Implemented by the U.S. Coast Guard, an agency of the Department of Homeland Security, the program focuses on identifying vulnerabilities, suggesting approaches to minimize them, and making the...
Department of Homeland Security: Formidable Information and Technology Management Challenge Requires Institutional Approach
GAO-04-702: Published: Aug 27, 2004. Publicly Released: Sep 27, 2004.
In 2003 GAO designated the merger of 22 separate federal entities into the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) as a high risk area because of the criticality of the department's mission and the enormous transformation challenges that the department faced. Given that the effective use of information technology (IT) is a critical enabler of this merger, GAO has previously reported on a number of D...
Information Technology: Major Federal Networks That Support Homeland Security Functions
GAO-04-375: Published: Sep 17, 2004. Publicly Released: Sep 17, 2004.
A key information systems challenge in homeland security is ensuring that essential information is shared in a timely and secure manner among disparate parties in federal, state, and local governments, and in the private sectors. This requires communications networks that provide information-sharing capabilities between the various levels of government--federal, state, and local. GAO's objective w...
Homeland Security: Transformation Strategy Needed to Address Challenges Facing the Federal Protective Service
GAO-04-537: Published: Jul 14, 2004. Publicly Released: Aug 16, 2004.
With responsibility for protecting thousands of federal facilities, the Federal Protective Service (FPS), which transferred from the General Services Administration (GSA) to the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) in March 2003, plays a critical role in the federal government's defense against the threat of terrorism and other criminal activity. GAO was asked to determine what challenges, if any...
Maritime Security: Partnering Could Reduce Federal Costs and Facilitate Implementation of Automatic Vessel Identification System
GAO-04-868: Published: Jul 23, 2004. Publicly Released: Aug 5, 2004.
As part of international efforts to ensure maritime safety and security--and to carry out its mandates under the Maritime Transportation Security Act of 2002--the U.S. Coast Guard is developing an automatic identification system (AIS) that should enable it to monitor ships traveling to and through U.S. waters. For AIS to operate nationwide, ships need equipment to transmit and receive AIS signals,...
9/11 Commission Report: Reorganization, Transformation, and Information Sharing
GAO-04-1033T: Published: Aug 3, 2004. Publicly Released: Aug 3, 2004.
The sorrow, loss, anger, and resolve so evident immediately following the September 11, 2001, attacks have been combined in an effort to help assure that our country will never again be caught unprepared. As the 9/11 Commission notes, we are safer today but we are not safe, and much work remains. Although in today's world we can never be 100 percent secure, and we can never do everything everywher...
Critical Infrastructure Protection: Improving Information Sharing with Infrastructure Sectors
GAO-04-780: Published: Jul 9, 2004. Publicly Released: Jul 27, 2004.
Critical infrastructure protection (CIP) activities called for in federal policy and law are intended to enhance the security of the public and private infrastructures that are essential to our nation's security, economic security, and public health and safety. Effective information-sharing partnerships between industry sectors and government can contribute to CIP efforts. Federal policy has encou...