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Homeland Security (161 - 170 of 1,633 items)
Department of Homeland Security: Progress Made, but More Work Remains in Strengthening Management Functions
GAO-15-388T: Published: Feb 26, 2015. Publicly Released: Feb 26, 2015.
As GAO reported in its 2015 high-risk update report earlier this month, the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) efforts to strengthen and integrate its management functions have resulted in the department meeting two and partially meeting three of GAO's criteria for removal from the high-risk list (see table).Assessment of Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Progress in Addressing the Streng...
Supply Chain Security: CBP Needs to Enhance Its Guidance and Oversight of High-Risk Maritime Cargo Shipments
GAO-15-294: Published: Jan 27, 2015. Publicly Released: Jan 27, 2015.
From fiscal years 2009 through 2013, less than 1 percent of maritime shipments arriving in the United States were identified as high risk by U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), but CBP does not have accurate data on their disposition (i.e., outcomes). CBP officials (targeters) are generally required to hold high-risk shipments for examination unless evidence shows that an examination can be...
Federal Facility Cybersecurity: DHS and GSA Should Address Cyber Risk to Building and Access Control Systems
GAO-15-6: Published: Dec 12, 2014. Publicly Released: Jan 12, 2015.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has taken preliminary steps to begin to understand the cyber risk to building and access controls systems in federal facilities. For example, in 2013, components of DHS's National Protection and Programs Directorate (NPPD) conducted a joint assessment of the physical security and cybersecurity of a federal facility. However, significant work remains.Lack o...
Anthrax: Agency Approaches to Validation and Statistical Analyses Could Be Improved
GAO-15-80: Published: Dec 19, 2014. Publicly Released: Dec 19, 2014.
After the 2001 Anthrax attacks, the genetic tests that were conducted by the Federal Bureau of Investigation's (FBI) four contractors were generally scientifically verified and validated, and met the FBI's criteria. However, GAO found that the FBI lacked a comprehensive approach—or framework—that could have ensured standardization of the testing process. As a result, each of the contractors de...
Department of Homeland Security: Continued Action Needed to Strengthen Management of Administratively Uncontrollable Overtime
GAO-15-95: Published: Dec 17, 2014. Publicly Released: Dec 17, 2014.
Department of Homeland Security (DHS) components spent $512 million on administratively uncontrollable overtime (AUO) payments in fiscal year 2013 and $255 million through March 2014, mostly on Border Patrol agents. DHS's AUO expenditures increased from fiscal years 2008 through 2013, in part because of higher payments per earner. The average annual AUO payment per employee increased by about 31 p...
Federal Emergency Management Agency: Opportunities Exist to Strengthen Oversight of Administrative Costs for Major Disasters
GAO-15-65: Published: Dec 17, 2014. Publicly Released: Dec 17, 2014.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) obligated $12.7 billion from the Disaster Relief Fund (DRF) for its administrative costs from fiscal years 2004 through 2013 and has taken some steps to reduce and better control these costs. This $12.7 billion represents 13 percent of the $95.2 billion obligated from the DRF for the 650 major disasters declared during this time frame. FEMA's average...
Hurricane Sandy: FEMA Has Improved Disaster Aid Verification but Could Act to Further Limit Improper Assistance
GAO-15-15: Published: Dec 12, 2014. Publicly Released: Dec 12, 2014.
By implementing new controls since the mid-2000s, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) improved its ability to detect improper and potentially fraudulent payments, but GAO identified continued weaknesses in the agency's validation of Social Security numbers, among other things. As of August 2014, FEMA stated that it had provided over $1.4 billion in Hurricane Sandy assistance through its...
Aviation Security: Rapid Growth in Expedited Passenger Screening Highlights Need to Plan Effective Security Assessments
GAO-15-150: Published: Dec 12, 2014. Publicly Released: Dec 12, 2014.
Since the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) implemented its expedited screening program—known as TSA Pre✓TM in 2011, the number of passengers receiving expedited screening grew slowly, and then increased about 300 percent in October 2013 when TSA expanded its use of methods to increase passenger participation, such as conducting automated risk assessments of all passengers. In condu...
Flood Insurance: Forgone Premiums Cannot Be Measured and FEMA Should Validate and Monitor Data System Changes
GAO-15-111: Published: Dec 11, 2014. Publicly Released: Dec 11, 2014.
The actual forgone premiums—the difference between subsidized and full-risk premiums—to the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) due to subsidies cannot be measured. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) does not collect flood risk information for all subsidized policies, which is needed to calculate their full-risk premium rates. GAO recommended in July 2013 that FEMA develop and...
Immigration Benefits: Improvements Needed to Fully Implement the International Marriage Broker Regulation Act
GAO-15-3: Published: Dec 10, 2014. Publicly Released: Dec 10, 2014.
The Departments of Homeland Security (DHS), Justice (DOJ), and State (State) have processes to help ensure compliance with the International Marriage Broker Regulation Act of 2005 (IMBRA), as amended, but State could better document information on IMBRA disclosures. Specifically, consistent with IMBRA, DHS's U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) collects information from petitioners—...