All Topics » Homeland Security
Homeland Security (111 - 120 of 1,633 items)
Combating Nuclear Smuggling: Risk-Informed Covert Assessments and Oversight of Corrective Actions Could Strengthen Capabilities at the Border
GAO-16-191T: Published: Oct 27, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 27, 2015.
In its September 2014 report, GAO reported that the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) U.S. Customs and Border Protection's (CBP) Operational Field Testing Division (OFTD) conducted 144 covert operations at 86 locations from fiscal years 2006 through 2013. OFTD selected these locations from a total of 655 U.S. air, land, and sea port facilities; checkpoints; and certain international locations...
Emergency Management: FEMA Has Made Progress since Hurricanes Katrina and Sandy, but Challenges Remain
GAO-16-90T: Published: Oct 22, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 22, 2015.
GAO's recent work highlights both the progress and challenges in the Federal Emergency Management Agency's (FEMA) efforts to lead national preparedness efforts, particularly efforts to assess emergency support capabilities and enhance logistics capabilities. Assessing capabilities is critical to ensure that they will be available when needed in emergencies. For example, GAO found in December 2014...
Strategic Sourcing: Opportunities Exist to Better Manage Information Technology Services Spending
GAO-15-549: Published: Sep 22, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 22, 2015.
Efforts by the Departments of Defense (DOD), Homeland Security (DHS), and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to strategically manage spending for information technology (IT) services, such as software design and development, have improved in recent years. Each of the agencies GAO reviewed has designated officials responsible for strategic sourcing and created offices to ident...
Critical Infrastructure Protection: Cybersecurity of the Nation's Electricity Grid Requires Continued Attention
GAO-16-174T: Published: Oct 21, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 21, 2015.
GAO reported in 2011 that several entities—the North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC), the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), and the Department of Energy (DOE)—had taken steps to help secure the electric grid. These included developing cybersecurity standards and oth...
Maritime Critical Infrastructure Protection: DHS Needs to Enhance Efforts to Address Port Cybersecurity
GAO-16-116T: Published: Oct 8, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 8, 2015.
Similar to other critical infrastructures, the nation's ports face an evolving array of cyber-based threats. These can come from insiders, criminals, terrorists, or other hostile sources and may employ a variety of techniques or exploits, such as denial-of-service attacks and malicious software. By exploiting vulnerabilities in information and communications technologies supporting port operations...
National Protection and Programs Directorate: Factors to Consider when Reorganizing
GAO-16-140T: Published: Oct 7, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 7, 2015.
GAO's prior work includes four areas for agency officials' consideration when evaluating or implementing a reorganization or transformation.First, GAO reported in May 2012 on key questions to consider when evaluating an organizational change that involves consolidation, such as what are the goals of the consolidation and how have stakeholders been involved in the decision-making? For reorganizatio...
Biosurveillance: Challenges and Options for the National Biosurveillance Integration Center
GAO-15-793: Published: Sep 24, 2015. Publicly Released: Sep 24, 2015.
The National Biosurveillance Integration Center (NBIC) has activities that support its integration mission, but faces challenges that limit its ability to enhance the national biosurveillance capability. In the Implementing Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007 (9/11 Commission Act) and NBIC Strategic Plan , GAO identified three roles that NBIC must fulfill to meet its biosurveillance...
Surface Transportation Security: TSA Has Taken Steps Designed to Develop Processes for Sharing and Analyzing Information and to Improve Rail Security Incident Reporting
GAO-15-205T: Published: Sep 17, 2015. Publicly Released: Sep 17, 2015.
In June 2014, GAO found that the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) did not have a systematic process for incorporating stakeholder feedback to improve security-related information sharing and recommended that TSA systematically document and incorporate stakeholder feedback. TSA concurred with this recommendation and, in April 2015, TSA developed a standard operating procedure to help en...
American Red Cross: Disaster Assistance Would Benefit from Oversight through Regular Federal Evaluation
GAO-15-565: Published: Sep 9, 2015. Publicly Released: Sep 16, 2015.
Key factors affecting the nature and extent of the American Red Cross's (Red Cross) disaster assistance include its standard set of services and the unique needs of affected communities. The Red Cross is involved in three phases of emergency assistance: immediate response, longer-term recovery, and preparedness. For response, it has a standardized set of services and procedures which may be adjust...
Confidential Informants: Updates to Policy and Additional Guidance Would Improve Oversight by DOJ and DHS Agencies
GAO-15-807: Published: Sep 15, 2015. Publicly Released: Sep 15, 2015.
Some components within the Departments of Justice (DOJ) and Homeland Security (DHS) do not fully address procedures outlined in The Attorney General's Guidelines (the Guidelines)—which established procedures to help ensure that components exercise their authorities regarding the use of informants appropriately and with adequate oversight. Eight components within DOJ and DHS—the Bureau of Alcoh...