State-administered programs (21 - 30 of 137 items)
Medicaid: Improved Federal Oversight of State Financing Schemes Is Needed
GAO-04-228: Published: Feb 13, 2004. Publicly Released: Mar 16, 2004.
For years, some states have taken advantage of a loophole in Medicaid law that allows them to claim billions of dollars in excessive federal matching funds by exploiting the "upper payment limit" (UPL), which is intended to be a ceiling on federal cost sharing. Congress and the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) acted to curtail UPL financing schemes through law in 2000 and regulation...
Medicaid Formula: Differences in Funding Ability among States Often Are Widened
GAO-03-620: Published: Jul 10, 2003. Publicly Released: Aug 11, 2003.
A primary goal in establishing Medicaid's statutory formula, whereby states with lower per capita incomes (PCI) receive higher rates of federal reimbursement for program costs, was to narrow differences among states in their ability to fund Medicaid services. States' ability to fund services depends on their financial resources in relation to their number of and costs to serve people in poverty. G...
Long-Term Care: Federal Oversight of Growing Medicaid Home and Community-Based Waivers Should Be Strengthened
GAO-03-576: Published: Jun 20, 2003. Publicly Released: Jul 7, 2003.
Home and community-based settings have become a growing part of states' Medicaid long-term care programs, serving as an alternative to care in institutional settings, such as nursing homes. To cover such services, however, states often obtain waivers from certain federal statutory requirements. GAO was asked to review (1) trends in states' use of Medicaid home and community-based service (HCBS) wa...
Newborn Screening: Characteristics of State Programs
GAO-03-449: Published: Mar 17, 2003. Publicly Released: Apr 16, 2003.
Each year state newborn screening programs test 4 million newborns for disorders that require early detection and treatment to prevent serious illness or death. GAO was asked to provide the Congress with information on the variations among state newborn screening programs, including information on criteria considered in selecting disorders to include in state programs, education for parents and pr...
Medicaid and SCHIP: States Use Varying Approaches to Monitor Children's Access to Care
GAO-03-222: Published: Jan 14, 2003. Publicly Released: Feb 14, 2003.
Over 25 million children have health insurance coverage through Medicaid or the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP). Coverage alone, however, does not guarantee that services will be available or that children will receive needed care. GAO was asked to evaluate states' efforts to facilitate and monitor access to primary and preventive services for children in these jointly funded fed...
Environmental Protection: MTBE Contamination From Underground Storage Tanks
GAO-02-753T: Published: May 21, 2002. Publicly Released: May 21, 2002.
To help limit air pollution, about a third of the states use gasoline that contains methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE), which burns cleaner. However, MTBE has migrated into wells and groundwater from leaking underground tanks used to store gasoline. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has the responsibility through the Underground Storage Tank Program and works through the states to ensure t...
VA Long-Term Care: Oversight of Community Nursing Homes Needs Strengthening
GAO-01-768: Published: Jul 27, 2001. Publicly Released: Sep 7, 2001.
The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) spent about $1.9 billion--or about 10 percent of its health care budget--to provide nursing home care to veterans in fiscal year 2000. VA will likely see increasing demand for nursing home care during the next decade. The number of veterans age 85 and older is expected to triple--from 422,000 veterans in 2000 to nearly 1.3 million in 2010. Among the very old...
Medicaid: Stronger Efforts Needed to Ensure Children's Access to Health Screening Services
GAO-01-749: Published: Jul 13, 2001. Publicly Released: Aug 13, 2001.
The Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnostic, and Treatment (EPSDT) Program calls for states to provide children and adolescents under age 21 with access to comprehensive, periodic evaluations of health, development, and nutritional status, as well as vision, hearing, and dental services. There is concern that state Medicaid programs are not doing an adequate job of screening children for medical...
Medicare and Medicaid: Implementing State Demonstrations for Dual Eligibles Has Proven Challenging
HEHS-00-94: Published: Aug 18, 2000. Publicly Released: Sep 18, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed states' initiatives to enroll dual eligibles (beneficiaries who qualify for both Medicare and Medicaid benefits) into one managed care plan, focusing on: (1) the status and key features of state initiatives focusing on: (1) the status and key features of state initiatives to integrate care for dual-eligible beneficiaries; and (2) factors that have...
Medicaid: State Financing Schemes Again Drive Up Federal Payments
T-HEHS-00-193: Published: Sep 6, 2000. Publicly Released: Sep 6, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed the federal government's role in helping pay for Medicaid, focusing on how: (1) the current financing scheme works; and (2) it compromises the agreement for federal/state sharing of Medicaid financing.GAO noted that: (1) the current scheme inappropriately increases federal Medicaid payments by paying certain providers more than they would normally...