Data collection (21 - 30 of 39 items)
Health-Care-Associated Infections in Hospitals: Leadership Needed from HHS to Prioritize Prevention Practices and Improve Data on These Infections
GAO-08-673T: Published: Apr 16, 2008. Publicly Released: Apr 16, 2008.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), health-care-associated infections (HAI)--infections that patients acquire while receiving treatment for other conditions--are estimated to be 1 of the top 10 causes of death in the nation. This statement summarizes a report issued in March and released today, Health-Care-Associated Infections in Hospitals: Leadership Needed from HH...
School Mental Health: Role of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration and Factors Affecting Service Provision
GAO-08-19R: Published: Oct 5, 2007. Publicly Released: Nov 5, 2007.
The U.S. Surgeon General reported in 1999 that about one in five children in the United States suffers from a mental health problem that could impair their ability to function at school or in the community. Yet many children receive no mental health services. While many of the existing mental health services for children are provided in schools, the extent and manner of school mental health servic...
Defense Health Care: Comprehensive Oversight Framework Needed to Help Ensure Effective Implementation of a Deployment Health Quality Assurance Program
GAO-07-831: Published: Jun 22, 2007. Publicly Released: Jul 20, 2007.
Overseas deployments expose servicemembers to a number of potential risks to their health and well-being. However, since the mid-1990s, GAO has highlighted shortcomings with respect to the Department of Defense's (DOD) ability to assess the medical condition of servicemembers both before and after their deployments. Following GAO's May 1997 report, Congress enacted legislation (10 U.S.C. 1074f) th...
Medicare Part D Low-Income Subsidy: Progress Made in Approving Applications, but Ability to Identify Remaining Individuals Is Limited
GAO-07-858T: Published: May 8, 2007. Publicly Released: May 8, 2007.
To help the elderly and disabled with prescription drug costs, the Congress passed the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act (MMA) of 2003, which created a voluntary outpatient prescription drug benefit (Medicare Part D). A key element of the prescription drug benefit is the low-income subsidy, or "extra help," available to Medicare beneficiaries with limited income and re...
Foreign Physicians: Data on Use of J-1 Visa Waivers Needed to Better Address Physician Shortages
GAO-07-52: Published: Nov 30, 2006. Publicly Released: Nov 30, 2006.
Many U.S. communities face difficulties attracting physicians. To address this problem, states and federal agencies have turned to foreign physicians who have just completed graduate medical education in the United States under J-1 visas. Ordinarily, these physicians must return home after completing their programs, but this requirement can be waived at the request of a state or federal agency if...
Federal Autism Activities: Funding for Research Has Increased, but Agencies Need to Resolve Surveillance Challenges
GAO-06-700: Published: Jul 19, 2006. Publicly Released: Aug 4, 2006.
Autism is a developmental disorder involving communication and social impairment. It has no known cause or cure, and its prevalence is unknown. The Children's Health Act of 2000 required the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and HHS agencies to conduct activities related to autism research, surveillance, and coordination. This report provides information on (1) the National Institutes...
Overview of the Long-Term Care Partnership Program
GAO-05-1021R: Published: Sep 9, 2005. Publicly Released: Oct 11, 2005.
In 2003, the most recent year for which data are available, national spending on long-term care totaled $183 billion, and nearly half of that was paid for by the Medicaid program, the joint federal-state health care financing program that covers basic health and long-term care services for certain low-income individuals. Private insurance paid a small portion of long-term care expenditures--about...
Food and Drug Administration: Limited Available Data Indicate That FDA Has Been Meeting Some Goals for Review of Medical Device Applications
GAO-05-1042: Published: Sep 30, 2005. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 2005.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) reviews applications from manufacturers that wish to market medical devices in the United States. To facilitate prompt approval of new devices and clearance of devices that are substantially equivalent to those legally on the market, the Congress passed the Medical Device User Fee and Modernization Act of 2002 (MDUFMA). The act authorizes FDA to collect user...
Health Centers: Competition for Grants and Efforts to Measure Performance Have Increased
GAO-05-645: Published: Jul 13, 2005. Publicly Released: Aug 12, 2005.
Health centers in the federal Consolidated Health Centers program provide comprehensive primary health care services at one or more delivery sites, without regard to patients' ability to pay. In fiscal year 2002, the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) began implementing the 5-year President's Health Centers Initiative. The initiative's goal is for the program to provide 1,200 gran...
Medicare Home Health: Payments to Most Freestanding Home Health Agencies More Than Cover Their Costs
GAO-04-359: Published: Feb 27, 2004. Publicly Released: Feb 27, 2004.
Under Medicare's home health prospective payment system (PPS), home health agencies (HHA) are paid a fixed amount, adjusted for differences in individual patients' expected care needs, for providing an episode (up to 60 days) of care. For this payment, HHAs provide therapy, skilled nursing, medical social service, and aide visits to patients in their homes. GAO previously reported that PPS payment...