Health care services (11 - 20 of 175 items)
Medicare Administrative Contractors: CMS Should Consider Whether Alternative Approaches Could Enhance Contractor Performance
GAO-15-372: Published: Apr 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 1, 2015.
As of February 2015, 16 Medicare Administrative Contractors (MAC) administered claims submitted by Medicare providers and suppliers. Twelve were A/B MACs that administered Medicare Part A and Part B claims for inpatient hospital care, outpatient physician and hospital services, and home health and hospice care, among other services, in specific jurisdictions. Four other MACs administered claims fo...
Medicare: Results from the First Two Years of the Pioneer Accountable Care Organization Model
GAO-15-401: Published: Apr 22, 2015. Publicly Released: May 22, 2015.
Health care providers and suppliers voluntarily form accountable care organizations (ACO) to provide coordinated care to patients with the goal of reducing spending while improving quality. Within the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), the Center for Medicare & Medicaid Innovation (CMMI) began testing the Pioneer ACO Model in 2012. Under this model, ACOs can earn additional Medicare p...
International Classification of Diseases: CMS's Efforts to Prepare for the New Version of the Disease and Procedure Codes
GAO-15-255: Published: Jan 28, 2015. Publicly Released: Feb 6, 2015.
The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), has undertaken a number of efforts to prepare for the October 1, 2015, transition to the 10th revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) codes, which are used for documenting patient medical diagnoses and inpatient medical procedures. CMS has developed educational ma...
Private Health Insurance: Geographic Variation in Spending for Certain High-Cost Procedures Driven by Inpatient Prices
GAO-15-214: Published: Dec 29, 2014. Publicly Released: Jan 28, 2015.
Spending for an episode of care in the private sector varied across metropolitan statistical areas (MSA) for coronary stent placement, laparoscopic appendectomy, and total hip replacement, even after GAO adjusted for geographic differences in the cost of doing business and differences in enrollee demographics and health status. MSAs in the highest-spending quintile had average adjusted episode spe...
Health Care Transparency: Actions Needed to Improve Cost and Quality Information for Consumers
GAO-15-11: Published: Oct 20, 2014. Publicly Released: Nov 18, 2014.
Results obtained from two selected private consumer transparency tools GAO reviewed—websites with health cost or quality information comparing different health care providers—show that some providers are paid thousands of dollars more than others for the same service in the same geographic area, regardless of the quality of such services. For example, the cost for maternity care at selected ac...
Medicaid Payment: Comparisons of Selected Services under Fee-for-Service, Managed Care, and Private Insurance
GAO-14-533: Published: Jul 15, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 15, 2014.
Payments to physicians under Medicaid fee-for-service (FFS) and managed care for the 26 evaluation and management (E/M) services, such as office visits and emergency care, that GAO reviewed were generally lower than private insurance prior to the temporary increases mandated by the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010 (HCERA). Specifically, in the 40 states where GAO compared Medic...
Medicare: Nurse Anesthetists Billed for Few Chronic Pain Procedures; Implementation of CMS Payment Policy Inconsistent
GAO-14-153: Published: Feb 7, 2014. Publicly Released: Mar 10, 2014.
From 2009 through 2012, certified registered nurse anesthetists (CRNA)—a type of advanced-practice nurse specializing in anesthesia care—billed Medicare fee-for-service (FFS) for a minimal share of selected chronic pain procedures, less than ½ of 1 percent of these procedures in each year. Physicians without board certification in pain medicine billed for the majority of selected procedures e...
Medicare: Continuous Insurance before Enrollment Associated with Better Health and Lower Program Spending
GAO-14-53: Published: Dec 17, 2013. Publicly Released: Jan 16, 2014.
Beneficiaries with continuous health insurance coverage for approximately 6 years before enrolling in Medicare were more likely than those without prior continuous insurance to report being in good health or better during the first 6 years in Medicare. In particular, having prior continuous insurance raised the predicted probability that a beneficiary reported being in good health or better by nea...
Health Care Workforce: HRSA Action Needed to Publish Timely National Supply and Demand Projections
GAO-13-806: Published: Sep 30, 2013. Publicly Released: Oct 30, 2013.
Since 2008, the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has awarded five contracts to research organizations to update national workforce projections, but HRSA has failed to publish any new reports containing projections. As a result, the most recent projections from HRSA available to Congress and others to inform health care wor...
Health Care Workforce: Federally Funded Training Programs in Fiscal Year 2012
GAO-13-709R: Published: Aug 15, 2013. Publicly Released: Sep 16, 2013.
In fiscal year (FY) 2012, we found that four federal departments--the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), Department of Defense, and Department of Education--administered 91 programs that supported postsecondary training or education specifically for direct care health professionals. The departments reported obligating about $14.2 billion for these p...