Health care services (31 - 40 of 353 items)
Medicare: Continuous Insurance before Enrollment Associated with Better Health and Lower Program Spending
GAO-14-53: Published: Dec 17, 2013. Publicly Released: Jan 16, 2014.
Beneficiaries with continuous health insurance coverage for approximately 6 years before enrolling in Medicare were more likely than those without prior continuous insurance to report being in good health or better during the first 6 years in Medicare. In particular, having prior continuous insurance raised the predicted probability that a beneficiary reported being in good health or better by nea...
Medicare Supplemental Coverage: Medigap and Other Factors Are Associated with Higher Estimated Health Care Expenditures
GAO-13-811: Published: Sep 19, 2013. Publicly Released: Oct 21, 2013.
GAO's analysis of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services' 2010 Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey (MCBS) showed that estimated average total health care expenditures were higher for beneficiaries with Medigap or employer-sponsored coverage than for beneficiaries with traditional fee-for-service (FFS) Medicare only. While estimated average expenditures were lower for beneficiaries with Medic...
Medicaid Managed Care: Use of Limited Benefit Plans to Provide Mental Health Services and Efforts to Coordinate Care
GAO-13-780: Published: Sep 30, 2013. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 2013.
Thirteen states reported that in fiscal year 2012 they paid a total of about $5.6 billion to limited benefit plans to provide mental health services to about 4.4 million adult Medicaid beneficiaries. States can enroll different populations--such as adults who are blind, disabled, or have developmental disabilities--in limited benefit plans, which could contribute to the variation in the number of...
Health Care Workforce: Federally Funded Training Programs in Fiscal Year 2012
GAO-13-709R: Published: Aug 15, 2013. Publicly Released: Sep 16, 2013.
In fiscal year (FY) 2012, we found that four federal departments--the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), Department of Defense, and Department of Education--administered 91 programs that supported postsecondary training or education specifically for direct care health professionals. The departments reported obligating about $14.2 billion for these p...
Dental Services: Information on Coverage, Payments, and Fee Variation
GAO-13-754: Published: Sep 6, 2013. Publicly Released: Sep 12, 2013.
Overall, trends in dental coverage show little change from 1996 to 2010--around 62 percent of individuals had coverage. The percentage of the population with private dental coverage decreased from 53 to 50 percent. Dental coverage through Medicaid or the State Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP), which was established in 1997, rose from 9 to 13 percent. The increase was due primarily to an...
Indian Health Service: Most American Indians and Alaska Natives Potentially Eligible for Expanded Health Coverage, but Action Needed to Increase Enrollment
GAO-13-553: Published: Sep 5, 2013. Publicly Released: Sep 5, 2013.
GAO estimates, on the basis of recent U.S. Census Bureau data, that most American Indians and Alaska Natives will be potentially eligible for either expanded or new coverage options created by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA). These options include expanded eligibility for Medicaid--the federal-state program for certain low-income individuals--and eligibility for the Health I...
Medicare: Ownership Status of Inpatient Prospective Payment System Hospitals That Qualify for Payment Adjustments
GAO-13-667R: Published: Jun 27, 2013. Publicly Released: Jul 29, 2013.
GAO previously reported that, in 2012, upward payment adjustments affected the vast majority of hospitals paid under Medicare's inpatient prospective system (IPPS). (See GAO-13-334). For this report, GAO found that, of the 3,455 IPPS hospitals in the prior review, the proportion of hospitals qualifying for at least one of four categories of payment adjustments was higher among nonprofit and govern...
VA Health Care: Management and Oversight of Fee Basis Care Need Improvement
GAO-13-441: Published: May 31, 2013. Publicly Released: May 31, 2013.
The Department of Veterans Affairs' (VA) fee basis care spending increased from about $3.04 billion in fiscal year 2008 to about $4.48 billion in fiscal year 2012. The slight decrease in fiscal year 2012 spending from the fiscal year 2011 level was due to VA's adoption of Medicare rates as its primary payment method for fee basis providers. VA's fee basis care utilization also increased from about...
Medicare: Legislative Modifications Have Resulted in Payment Adjustments for Most Hospitals
GAO-13-334: Published: Apr 17, 2013. Publicly Released: May 16, 2013.
Over time, Congress has modified how Medicare reimburses certain hospitals under the inpatient prospective payment system (IPPS), which pays hospitals a flat fee per stay, set in advance, with different amounts for each type of condition. GAO identified numerous statutory provisions that individually increased Medicare payments to a subset of hospitals.Seven provisions enabled hospitals to be paid...
Medicaid: Alternative Measures Could Be Used to Allocate Funding More Equitably
GAO-13-434: Published: May 10, 2013. Publicly Released: May 10, 2013.
GAO identified multiple data sources that could be used to develop measures to allocate Medicaid funding to states more equitably than the current funding formula--known as the Federal Medical Assistance Percentage (FMAP)--which is based solely on per capita income (PCI). To be equitable from the perspective of beneficiaries and allow states to provide a comparable level of services to each person...