Health care (1 - 10 of 15 items) in Past Year
Health Information Technology: HHS Should Assess the Effectiveness of Its Efforts to Enhance Patient Access to and Use of Electronic Health Information
GAO-17-305: Published: Mar 15, 2017. Publicly Released: Mar 15, 2017.
The Department of Health and Human Services wants all Americans to be able to access their health records electronically. Health care providers that participated in HHS's Medicare Electronic Health Record Incentive Program offered nearly 9 out of 10 patients the ability to access their health information online. We found that relatively few of these patients accessed their records online, and pat...
Private Health Insurance: In Most States and New Exchanges, Enrollees Continued to be Concentrated among Few Issuers in 2014 [Reissued on February 14, 2017]
GAO-16-724: Published: Sep 6, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 6, 2016.
GAO found that enrollment in private health insurance plans remained concentrated among a small number of issuers in most states in 2014, including in the newly established exchanges. On average in each state and the District of Columbia, 11 or more issuers participated in each of three types of markets—individual, small group, and large group—from 2011 through 2014. However, in most states, t...
Medicaid Managed Care: Improved Oversight Needed of Payment Rates for Long-Term Services and Supports
GAO-17-145: Published: Jan 9, 2017. Publicly Released: Feb 8, 2017.
Out of six states with Medicaid managed long-term services and supports (MLTSS) programs that GAO selected for review, five set clear financial incentives in their payment rates for managed care organizations (MCO) to provide care in the community versus in an institution. However, most of the selected states did not opt to link payments or penalties to MCO performance on MLTSS goals. These goals,...
Medicare Advantage: Limited Progress Made to Validate Encounter Data Used to Ensure Proper Payments
GAO-17-223: Published: Jan 17, 2017. Publicly Released: Jan 19, 2017.
Since GAO issued its July 2014 report, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has made limited progress to validate the completeness and accuracy of Medicare Advantage (MA) encounter data. CMS collects encounter data—detailed information about the care and health status of MA enrollees—to determine payments to MA organization...
Medicare Value-Based Payment Models: Participation Challenges and Available Assistance for Small and Rural Practices
GAO-17-55: Published: Dec 9, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 9, 2016.
Based on a review of literature and interviews with 38 stakeholders, GAO identified challenges faced by small and rural physician practices when participating in Medicare's new payment models. These models, known as value-based payment models, are intended to reward health care providers for resource use and quality, rather than volume, of services. The challenges identified are in five key topic...
Health Care Quality: HHS Should Set Priorities and Comprehensively Plan Its Efforts to Better Align Health Quality Measures
GAO-17-5: Published: Oct 13, 2016. Publicly Released: Oct 13, 2016.
While the full extent of misalignment among health care quality measures is unknown, it can have adverse effects on providers and efforts to improve quality of care. Misalignment occurs when health care payers require providers to report on measures that focus on different quality issues or define the measures using different specifications. GAO identified three studies that provided some informat...
Skilled Nursing Facilities: CMS Should Improve Accessibility and Reliability of Expenditure Data
GAO-16-700: Published: Sep 7, 2016. Publicly Released: Oct 6, 2016.
The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)—the agency within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) that administers Medicare—collects and reports expenditure data from skilled nursing facilities (SNF), but it has not taken key steps to make the data readily accessible to public stakeholders or to ensure their reliability. SNFs are required to self-report their expenditures...
Generic Drugs Under Medicare: Part D Generic Drug Prices Declined Overall, but Some Had Extraordinary Price Increases
GAO-16-706: Published: Aug 12, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 12, 2016.
Generic drug prices declined overall under Medicare Part D—the voluntary outpatient prescription drug program administered by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)—since 2010. Specifically, generic drug prices fell 59 percent from the first quarter of 2010 through the second quarter of 2015. This decline reflects a changing basket...
Medicaid: Key Policy and Data Considerations for Designing a Per Capita Cap on Federal Funding
GAO-16-726: Published: Aug 10, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 9, 2016.
Through review of its prior reports, the literature and interviews with state Medicaid officials and subject matter experts, GAO identified several key interrelated policy considerations that could be useful should policymakers elect to pursue a per capita cap—a per-enrollee limit on federal Medicaid funding for states.Coverage and flexibility. Coverage entails decisions about whether all or a s...
Medicare: 2016 Payment Rates for Complex Wheelchair Accessories
GAO-16-840R: Published: Aug 31, 2016. Publicly Released: Aug 31, 2016.
GAO reviewed 2016 Medicare payment rates for complex wheelchair accessories—both the fully adjusted rates based on the durable medical equipment competitive bidding program (CBP) and the unadjusted rates for the same items. The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)—the agency that oversees the Medicare program—classifies power wheelchairs into five groups ranging from wheelchairs wi...