Beneficiaries (31 - 40 of 284 items)
Disabled Dual-Eligible Beneficiaries: Integration of Medicare and Medicaid Benefits May Not Lead to Expected Medicare Savings
GAO-14-523: Published: Aug 29, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 29, 2014.
Overall spending for high-expenditure disabled dual-eligible beneficiaries—those in the top 20 percent of spending in their respective states—was driven largely by Medicaid spending, and the service use and health status often differed widely between those with high Medicare expenditures and high Medicaid expenditures. For these beneficiaries, Medicaid expenditures accounted for nearly two-thi...
Medicare Advantage: CMS Should Fully Develop Plans for Encounter Data and Assess Data Quality before Use
GAO-14-571: Published: Jul 31, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 2, 2014.
The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) is collecting Medicare Advantage (MA) encounter data—information on the services and items furnished to enrollees—that are more comprehensive than the beneficiary diagnosis data the agency currently uses to risk adjust capitated payments to MA organizations (MAO). CMS, an agency within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), makes t...
Prescription Drugs: Comparison of DOD, Medicaid, and Medicare Part D Retail Reimbursement Prices
GAO-14-578: Published: Jun 30, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 30, 2014.
GAO found that Medicaid paid the lowest average net prices across a sample of 78 high-utilization and high-expenditure brand-name and generic drugs when compared to prices paid by the Department of Defense (DOD) and Medicare Part D. Specifically, Medicaid's average net price for the entire sample was $0.62 per unit, while Medicare Part D paid an estimated 32 percent more ($0.82 per unit) and DOD p...
Medicare Physical Therapy: Self-Referring Providers Generally Referred More Beneficiaries but Fewer Services per Beneficiary
GAO-14-270: Published: Apr 30, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 2, 2014.
From 2004 to 2010, non-self-referred physical therapy (PT) services increased at a faster rate than self-referred PT services. During this period, the number of self-referred PT services per 1,000 Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries was generally flat, while non-self-referred PT services grew by about 41 percent. Similarly, the growth rate in expenditures associated with non-self-referred PT se...
Medicare Fraud: Progress Made, but More Action Needed to Address Medicare Fraud, Waste, and Abuse
GAO-14-560T: Published: Apr 30, 2014. Publicly Released: Apr 30, 2014.
The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)—the agency within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) that oversees Medicare—has made progress in implementing several key strategies GAO identified in prior work as helpful in protecting Medicare from fraud; however, important actions that could help CMS and its program integrity contractors combat fraud remain incomplete.Provid...
Medicare Imaging Accreditation: Effect on Access to Advanced Diagnostic Imaging Is Unclear amid Other Policy Changes
GAO-14-378: Published: Apr 18, 2014. Publicly Released: Apr 18, 2014.
GAO found that the number of advanced diagnostic imaging (ADI) services provided to Medicare beneficiaries in the office setting—an indicator of access to those services—began declining before and continued declining after the accreditation requirement went into effect on January 1, 2012. In particular, the rate of decline from 2009 to 2010 was similar to the rate from 2011 to 2012 for magneti...
Medicare: Second Year Update for CMS's Durable Medical Equipment Competitive Bidding Program Round 1 Rebid
GAO-14-156: Published: Mar 7, 2014. Publicly Released: Apr 8, 2014.
The Medicare competitive bidding program (CBP) for durable medical equipment (DME) is administered by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) within the Department of Health and Human Services. Under the CBP, only competitively selected contract suppliers can furnish certain DME product categories (such as oxygen supplies and hospital beds) at competitively determined prices to Medicare...
Medicare: Contractors and Private Plans Play a Major Role in Administering Benefits
GAO-14-417T: Published: Mar 4, 2014. Publicly Released: Mar 4, 2014.
The Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003 (MMA) reformed the way the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), the agency that administers Medicare, contracts with claims administration contractors. From its inception, the process for selecting Medicare fee-for-service (FFS) claims administration contractors was stipulated by Congress and differed from most o...
Medicaid: Demographics and Service Usage of Certain High-Expenditure Beneficiaries
GAO-14-176: Published: Feb 19, 2014. Publicly Released: Feb 19, 2014.
In fiscal year 2009, states spent nearly a third (31.6 percent) of all Medicaid expenditures on the most expensive Medicaid-only beneficiaries, who were 4.3 percent of total Medicaid beneficiaries. States spent another third (33.1 percent) on all other Medicaid-only beneficiaries, who represented 81.2 percent of total Medicaid beneficiaries. Among dual eligible beneficiaries, a similar pattern exi...
Medicaid Prescription Drugs: CMS Should Implement Revised Federal Upper Limits and Monitor Their Relationship to Retail Pharmacy Acquisition Costs [Reissued on February 6, 2014]
GAO-14-68: Published: Dec 19, 2013. Publicly Released: Jan 22, 2014.
To develop a national benchmark for retail pharmacy acquisition costs of Medicaid covered outpatient prescription drugs--known as the National Average Drug Acquisition Cost (NADAC)--the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) surveys each month randomly selected retail community pharmacies for invoice data on their actual drug acquisi...