Beneficiaries (11 - 20 of 284 items)
Nonemergency Medical Transportation: Updated Medicaid Guidance Could Help States
GAO-16-238: Published: Feb 2, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 3, 2016.
The nonemergency medical transportation (NEMT) benefits offered by Medicare and Medicaid differ. Medicare provides NEMT via ambulance only when other means of transportation, such as a taxi or wheelchair van, would jeopardize the health of the beneficiary. Medicaid NEMT is generally available for beneficiaries who have no other means of transportation to medical services. States are responsible fo...
Health Care Fraud: Information on Most Common Schemes and the Likely Effect of Smart Cards
GAO-16-216: Published: Jan 22, 2016. Publicly Released: Feb 22, 2016.
GAO's review of 739 health care fraud cases that were resolved in 2010 showed the following:About 68 percent of the cases included more than one scheme with 61 percent including two to four schemes and 7 percent including five or more schemes.The most common health care fraud schemes were related to fraudulent billing, such as billing for services that were not provided (about 43 percent of cases)...
Medicaid Managed Care: Trends in Federal Spending and State Oversight of Costs and Enrollment
GAO-16-77: Published: Dec 17, 2015. Publicly Released: Jan 19, 2016.
Federal spending for Medicaid managed care increased significantly from fiscal year 2004 through fiscal year 2014 (from $27 billion to $107 billion), and represented 38 percent of total federal Medicaid spending in fiscal year 2014. Consistent with this national trend, managed care as a proportion of total federal Medicaid spending was higher in seven of eight selected states in fiscal year 2014 c...
Medicare and Medicaid: Additional Oversight Needed of CMS's Demonstration to Coordinate the Care of Dual-Eligible Beneficiaries
GAO-16-31: Published: Dec 18, 2015. Publicly Released: Jan 19, 2016.
Due to the flexibility that states have in designing their Financial Alignment Demonstrations, the integrated care organizations that GAO interviewed in California, Illinois, Massachusetts, Virginia, and Washington implemented care coordination for dual-eligible Medicare and Medicaid beneficiaries in a variety of ways. For example, these organizations assigned care coordinators to beneficiaries us...
Medicare: Increasing Hospital-Physician Consolidation Highlights Need for Payment Reform
GAO-16-189: Published: Dec 18, 2015. Publicly Released: Dec 18, 2015.
Vertical consolidation is a financial arrangement that occurs when a hospital acquires a physician practice and/or hires physicians to work as salaried employees. The number of vertically consolidated hospitals and physicians increased from 2007 through 2013. Specifically, the number of vertically consolidated hospitals increased from about 1,400 to 1,700, while the number of vertically consolidat...
Medicare Part B: Expenditures for New Drugs Concentrated among a Few Drugs, and Most Were Costly for Beneficiaries
GAO-16-12: Published: Oct 23, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 20, 2015.
New Medicare Part B drugs were more likely than new drugs not paid under Part B to be biologics, that is, products derived from living sources; be approved to treat a narrower range of conditions; and to have used a Food and Drug Administration (FDA) program to expedite their development and review. Sixty-one percent of the 83 new Part B drugs approved by FDA from 2006 through 2013 were biologics,...
Medicare: Considerations for Expansion of the Appropriate Use Criteria Program
GAO-15-816: Published: Sep 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 2015.
The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)—an agency within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)—has proposed initial plans and timeframes for implementing the Medicare appropriate use criteria (AUC) program for advanced diagnostic imaging services, such as computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and positron emission tomography. AUC are a type of clinical practic...
Medicare Advantage: Actions Needed to Enhance CMS Oversight of Provider Network Adequacy
GAO-15-710: Published: Aug 31, 2015. Publicly Released: Sep 28, 2015.
The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) is the agency within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) responsible for overseeing the Medicare Advantage (MA) program—Medicare's private plan alternative. Since 2011, CMS has defined an adequate MA provider network as meeting two criteria: a minimum number of providers and maximum travel time and distance to those providers. To r...
Medicare Part B Drugs: Action Needed to Reduce Financial Incentives to Prescribe 340B Drugs at Participating Hospitals
GAO-15-442: Published: Jun 5, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 6, 2015.
Certain providers, including hospitals that serve a disproportionate number of low-income patients, have access to discounted prices on outpatient drugs through the 340B Drug Pricing Program, which is administered by the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) within the Department of Health & Human Services (HHS). In 2012, these hospitals—referred to as 340B disproportionate share h...
Medicaid: CMS Could Take Additional Actions to Help Improve Provider and Beneficiary Fraud Controls
GAO-15-665T: Published: Jun 2, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 2, 2015.
GAO found thousands of Medicaid beneficiaries and hundreds of providers involved in potential improper or fraudulent payments during fiscal year 2011—the most-recent year for which reliable data were available in four selected states: Arizona, Florida, Michigan, and New Jersey. These states had about 9.2 million beneficiaries and accounted for 13 percent of all fiscal year 2011 Medicaid payments...