Medicare (51 - 60 of 1,463 items)
Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act: Despite Some Delays, CMS Has Made Progress Implementing Programs to Limit Health Insurer Risk
GAO-15-447: Published: Apr 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 1, 2015.
The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) considered market characteristics and program duration in designing the three programs mandated by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) to mitigate the risks issuers of health insurance faced starting in 2014. Each of the three programs—risk adjustment, reinsurance, and risk corridors—was intended to account for a different s...
Private Health Insurance: Premiums and Enrollment for New Nonprofit Health Insurance Issuers Varied Significantly in 2014
GAO-15-304: Published: Apr 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 1, 2015.
As of January 2015, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)—the agency that administers and monitors the consumer operated and oriented plan (CO-OP) program—has disbursed about two thirds of the $2.4 billion in loans awarded to 23 CO-OPs. CMS has disbursed about $351 million in start-up loans and $1.2 billion in solvency loans. The percentage of start-up loan funding disbursed to CO...
Medicare: Results from the First Two Years of the Pioneer Accountable Care Organization Model
GAO-15-401: Published: Apr 22, 2015. Publicly Released: May 22, 2015.
Health care providers and suppliers voluntarily form accountable care organizations (ACO) to provide coordinated care to patients with the goal of reducing spending while improving quality. Within the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), the Center for Medicare & Medicaid Innovation (CMMI) began testing the Pioneer ACO Model in 2012. Under this model, ACOs can earn additional Medicare p...
Medicare Physician Payment Rates: Better Data and Greater Transparency Could Improve Accuracy
GAO-15-434: Published: May 21, 2015. Publicly Released: May 21, 2015.
The American Medical Association/Specialty Society Relative Value Scale Update Committee (RUC) has a process in place to regularly review Medicare physicians' services' work relative values (which reflect the time and intensity needed to perform a service). Its recommendations to the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), the agency within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)...
Medicaid: CMS Oversight of Provider Payments Is Hampered by Limited Data and Unclear Policy
GAO-15-322: Published: Apr 10, 2015. Publicly Released: May 11, 2015.
GAO's assessment of Medicaid payments to government and private hospitals in three selected states was hampered by inaccurate and incomplete data on payments. States must capture but are not required to report all payments they make to individual institutional providers, nor are states required to report ownership information. For example, large supplemental payments states often make to hospitals...
Medicaid: A Small Share of Enrollees Consistently Accounted for a Large Share of Expenditures
GAO-15-460: Published: May 8, 2015. Publicly Released: May 8, 2015.
A small percentage of Medicaid-only enrollees—that is, those who were not also eligible for Medicare—consistently accounted for a large percentage of total Medicaid expenditures for Medicaid-only enrollees. In each fiscal year from 2009 through 2011, the most expensive 5 percent of Medicaid-only enrollees accounted for almost half of the expenditures for all Medicaid-only enrollees. In contras...
Advance Directives: Information on Federal Oversight, Provider Implementation, and Prevalence
GAO-15-416: Published: Apr 29, 2015. Publicly Released: Apr 29, 2015.
The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) oversees providers' implementation of the advance directive requirement in the Patient Self Determination Act (PSDA) to maintain written policies and procedures to inform individuals about advance directives, and document information about individuals' advance directives in the medical record by providing guidance and monitoring covered providers...
Medicare: Potential Uses of Electronically Readable Cards for Beneficiaries and Providers
GAO-15-319: Published: Mar 25, 2015. Publicly Released: Apr 24, 2015.
The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)—the agency that administers Medicare—could use electronically readable cards in Medicare for a number of different purposes. Three key uses include authenticating beneficiary and provider presence at the point of care, electronically exchanging beneficiary medical information, and electronically conveying beneficiary identity and insurance inf...
Sole Community Hospitals: Early Indications Show That TRICARE's Revised Reimbursement Rules Have Not Affected Access to Care
GAO-15-402: Published: Apr 15, 2015. Publicly Released: Apr 15, 2015.
TRICARE's revised reimbursement rules for Sole Community Hospitals (SCHs), which provide health care in rural areas or where similar hospitals do not exist under certain criteria, approximate those for Medicare's. Specifically, both programs reimburse SCHs using the greater of either a cost-based amount or the allowed amount under a diagnostic-related-group-based payment system, although each prog...
Drug Discount Program: Status of GAO Recommendations to Improve 340B Drug Pricing Program Oversight
GAO-15-455T: Published: Mar 24, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 24, 2015.
In its September 2011 report, GAO found that the Health Resources and Services Administration's (HRSA) oversight of the 340B Program was inadequate to provide reasonable assurance that program participants—covered entities and drug manufacturers—were in compliance with program requirements. Specifically, GAO found the programprimarily relied on covered entities and manufacturers to police them...