Medicare (1 - 10 of 335 items)
Private Health Insurance: In Most States and New Exchanges, Enrollees Continued to be Concentrated among Few Issuers in 2014 [Reissued on February 14, 2017]
GAO-16-724: Published: Sep 6, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 6, 2016.
GAO found that enrollment in private health insurance plans remained concentrated among a small number of issuers in most states in 2014, including in the newly established exchanges. On average in each state and the District of Columbia, 11 or more issuers participated in each of three types of markets—individual, small group, and large group—from 2011 through 2014. However, in most states, t...
Medicare Advantage: Limited Progress Made to Validate Encounter Data Used to Ensure Proper Payments
GAO-17-223: Published: Jan 17, 2017. Publicly Released: Jan 19, 2017.
Since GAO issued its July 2014 report, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has made limited progress to validate the completeness and accuracy of Medicare Advantage (MA) encounter data. CMS collects encounter data—detailed information about the care and health status of MA enrollees—to determine payments to MA organization...
Health Care Quality: HHS Should Set Priorities and Comprehensively Plan Its Efforts to Better Align Health Quality Measures
GAO-17-5: Published: Oct 13, 2016. Publicly Released: Oct 13, 2016.
While the full extent of misalignment among health care quality measures is unknown, it can have adverse effects on providers and efforts to improve quality of care. Misalignment occurs when health care payers require providers to report on measures that focus on different quality issues or define the measures using different specifications. GAO identified three studies that provided some informat...
Generic Drugs Under Medicare: Part D Generic Drug Prices Declined Overall, but Some Had Extraordinary Price Increases
GAO-16-706: Published: Aug 12, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 12, 2016.
Generic drug prices declined overall under Medicare Part D—the voluntary outpatient prescription drug program administered by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)—since 2010. Specifically, generic drug prices fell 59 percent from the first quarter of 2010 through the second quarter of 2015. This decline reflects a changing basket...
Medicaid: Key Policy and Data Considerations for Designing a Per Capita Cap on Federal Funding
GAO-16-726: Published: Aug 10, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 9, 2016.
Through review of its prior reports, the literature and interviews with state Medicaid officials and subject matter experts, GAO identified several key interrelated policy considerations that could be useful should policymakers elect to pursue a per capita cap—a per-enrollee limit on federal Medicaid funding for states.Coverage and flexibility. Coverage entails decisions about whether all or a s...
Medicaid Program Integrity: Improved Guidance Needed to Better Support Efforts to Screen Managed Care Providers
GAO-16-402: Published: Apr 22, 2016. Publicly Released: May 6, 2016.
GAO found that the selected states and Medicaid managed care plans face significant challenges in screening providers for eligibility to participate in the Medicaid program. Based on information we received from two selected states and 16 selected plans, GAO found that the states and plans used information that was fragmented across 22 databases managed by 15 different federal agencies to screen p...
Private Health Insurance: The Range of Premiums and Plan Availability for Individuals in 2014 and 2015
GAO-15-687: Published: Aug 10, 2015. Publicly Released: Sep 9, 2015.
As of 2014, key provisions of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) resulted in the establishment of health insurance exchanges in each state and changed how insurers determined health insurance premiums. Individual market consumers generally had access to more health plans in 2015 compared to 2014, and in both years the lowest-cost plans were available through exchanges in most o...
Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act: Observations on 18 Undercover Tests of Enrollment Controls for Health-Care Coverage and Consumer Subsidies Provided under the Act
GAO-15-702T: Published: Jul 16, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 16, 2015.
To assess the enrollment controls of the federal Health Insurance Marketplace (Marketplace), GAO performed 18 undercover tests, 12 of which focused on phone or online applications. During these tests, the Marketplace approved subsidized coverage under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) for 11 of the 12 fictitious GAO applicants for 2014. The GAO applicants obtained a total of a...
Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act: Despite Some Delays, CMS Has Made Progress Implementing Programs to Limit Health Insurer Risk
GAO-15-447: Published: Apr 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 1, 2015.
The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) considered market characteristics and program duration in designing the three programs mandated by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) to mitigate the risks issuers of health insurance faced starting in 2014. Each of the three programs—risk adjustment, reinsurance, and risk corridors—was intended to account for a different s...
Private Health Insurance: Premiums and Enrollment for New Nonprofit Health Insurance Issuers Varied Significantly in 2014
GAO-15-304: Published: Apr 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 1, 2015.
As of January 2015, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)—the agency that administers and monitors the consumer operated and oriented plan (CO-OP) program—has disbursed about two thirds of the $2.4 billion in loans awarded to 23 CO-OPs. CMS has disbursed about $351 million in start-up loans and $1.2 billion in solvency loans. The percentage of start-up loan funding disbursed to CO...