Beneficiaries (1 - 10 of 135 items)
Medicare Advantage: Action Needed to Ensure Appropriate Payments for Veterans and Nonveterans
GAO-16-137: Published: Apr 11, 2016. Publicly Released: May 11, 2016.
In fiscal year 2010, the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) health care system provided $2.4 billion in inpatient and outpatient services to the 833,684 veterans enrolled in Medicare Advantage (MA), a private plan alternative to Medicare fee-for-service (FFS). While the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), an agency within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), generally pa...
Medicare Advantage: Fundamental Improvements Needed in CMS's Effort to Recover Substantial Amounts of Improper Payments
GAO-16-76: Published: Apr 8, 2016. Publicly Released: May 9, 2016.
Medicare Advantage (MA) organizations contract with the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) to offer beneficiaries a private plan alternative to the original program and are paid a predetermined monthly amount by Medicare for each enrolled beneficiary. These payments are risk adjusted to reflect each enrolled beneficiary's health status and projected spending for Medicare-covered servic...
Nonemergency Medical Transportation: Updated Medicaid Guidance Could Help States
GAO-16-238: Published: Feb 2, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 3, 2016.
The nonemergency medical transportation (NEMT) benefits offered by Medicare and Medicaid differ. Medicare provides NEMT via ambulance only when other means of transportation, such as a taxi or wheelchair van, would jeopardize the health of the beneficiary. Medicaid NEMT is generally available for beneficiaries who have no other means of transportation to medical services. States are responsible fo...
Health Care Fraud: Information on Most Common Schemes and the Likely Effect of Smart Cards
GAO-16-216: Published: Jan 22, 2016. Publicly Released: Feb 22, 2016.
GAO's review of 739 health care fraud cases that were resolved in 2010 showed the following:About 68 percent of the cases included more than one scheme with 61 percent including two to four schemes and 7 percent including five or more schemes.The most common health care fraud schemes were related to fraudulent billing, such as billing for services that were not provided (about 43 percent of cases)...
Medicare and Medicaid: Additional Oversight Needed of CMS's Demonstration to Coordinate the Care of Dual-Eligible Beneficiaries
GAO-16-31: Published: Dec 18, 2015. Publicly Released: Jan 19, 2016.
Due to the flexibility that states have in designing their Financial Alignment Demonstrations, the integrated care organizations that GAO interviewed in California, Illinois, Massachusetts, Virginia, and Washington implemented care coordination for dual-eligible Medicare and Medicaid beneficiaries in a variety of ways. For example, these organizations assigned care coordinators to beneficiaries us...
Medicare: Increasing Hospital-Physician Consolidation Highlights Need for Payment Reform
GAO-16-189: Published: Dec 18, 2015. Publicly Released: Dec 18, 2015.
Vertical consolidation is a financial arrangement that occurs when a hospital acquires a physician practice and/or hires physicians to work as salaried employees. The number of vertically consolidated hospitals and physicians increased from 2007 through 2013. Specifically, the number of vertically consolidated hospitals increased from about 1,400 to 1,700, while the number of vertically consolidat...
Medicare: Considerations for Expansion of the Appropriate Use Criteria Program
GAO-15-816: Published: Sep 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 2015.
The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)—an agency within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)—has proposed initial plans and timeframes for implementing the Medicare appropriate use criteria (AUC) program for advanced diagnostic imaging services, such as computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and positron emission tomography. AUC are a type of clinical practic...
Medicare Advantage: Actions Needed to Enhance CMS Oversight of Provider Network Adequacy
GAO-15-710: Published: Aug 31, 2015. Publicly Released: Sep 28, 2015.
The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) is the agency within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) responsible for overseeing the Medicare Advantage (MA) program—Medicare's private plan alternative. Since 2011, CMS has defined an adequate MA provider network as meeting two criteria: a minimum number of providers and maximum travel time and distance to those providers. To r...
Medicaid: Service Utilization Patterns for Beneficiaries in Managed Care
GAO-15-481: Published: May 29, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 29, 2015.
Based on GAO's analysis of 2010 encounter data reported by 19 states, the number of professional services utilized by adult beneficiaries ranged from about 13 to 55. For children, the number of professional services utilized per beneficiary was lower, ranging from about 6 to 16 among the 19 states. Professional services included four categories of services: (1) evaluation and management (E/M) serv...
Medicare: Results from the First Two Years of the Pioneer Accountable Care Organization Model
GAO-15-401: Published: Apr 22, 2015. Publicly Released: May 22, 2015.
Health care providers and suppliers voluntarily form accountable care organizations (ACO) to provide coordinated care to patients with the goal of reducing spending while improving quality. Within the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), the Center for Medicare & Medicaid Innovation (CMMI) began testing the Pioneer ACO Model in 2012. Under this model, ACOs can earn additional Medicare p...