Health insurance cost control (1 - 10 of 83 items)
Medicaid: A Small Share of Enrollees Consistently Accounted for a Large Share of Expenditures
GAO-15-460: Published: May 8, 2015. Publicly Released: May 8, 2015.
A small percentage of Medicaid-only enrollees—that is, those who were not also eligible for Medicare—consistently accounted for a large percentage of total Medicaid expenditures for Medicaid-only enrollees. In each fiscal year from 2009 through 2011, the most expensive 5 percent of Medicaid-only enrollees accounted for almost half of the expenditures for all Medicaid-only enrollees. In contras...
Medicaid Managed Care: CMS's Oversight of States' Rate Setting Needs Improvement
GAO-10-810: Published: Aug 4, 2010. Publicly Released: Aug 4, 2010.
Medicaid managed care rates are required to be actuarially sound. A state is required to submit its rate-setting methodology, including a description of the data used, to the Department of Health and Human Services' (HHS) Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) for approval. The Children's Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act of 2009 required GAO to examine the extent to which state...
Private Health Insurance: Research on Competition in the Insurance Industry
GAO-09-864R: Published: Jul 31, 2009. Publicly Released: Aug 31, 2009.
Health care providers and members of Congress have raised concerns that consolidation in the private health insurance industry may be resulting in less competitive markets and contributing to rising health insurance rates paid by consumers and employers. However, measuring the extent of changes in market competition over time or the effects of changes is challenging. In particular, reliable, longi...
Health Insurance: Enrollment, Benefits, Funding, and Other Characteristics of State High-Risk Health Insurance Pools
GAO-09-730R: Published: Jul 22, 2009. Publicly Released: Aug 21, 2009.
A growing number of states--35 as of June 2009--have created high-risk health insurance pools (HRPs) primarily to provide coverage to individuals whose health status limits their access to coverage in the private individual health insurance market. HRPs--typically state-run nonprofit associations--often contract with a private health insurance carrier to administer the pool and offer a range of he...
Health Insurance: Most College Students Are Covered through Employer-Sponsored Plans, and Some Colleges and States Are Taking Steps to Increase Coverage
GAO-08-389: Published: Mar 28, 2008. Publicly Released: Mar 28, 2008.
College students face challenges obtaining health insurance--they may not have access to insurance through an employer, and as they get older, they may lose dependent coverage obtained through a parent's plan. Federal law ensures continued access to health insurance for some, but not all, such students. Without health insurance, college students may be unable to pay for their health care, and the...
Medicaid Demonstration Waivers: Recent HHS Approvals Continue to Raise Cost and Oversight Concerns
GAO-08-87: Published: Jan 31, 2008. Publicly Released: Mar 3, 2008.
Medicaid, a joint federal and state program, finances health care for 60 million low-income people. Section 1115 of the Social Security Act authorizes the Secretary of Health and Human Services to waive certain federal Medicaid requirements and allow demonstration projects that are likely to promote Medicaid objectives. Under federal policy, states must show that federal spending for proposed demo...
Military Health Care: Cost Data Indicate That TRICARE Reserve Select Premiums Exceeded the Costs of Providing Program Benefits
GAO-08-104: Published: Dec 21, 2007. Publicly Released: Dec 21, 2007.
(DOD) TRICARE Reserve Select (TRS) program allows most reservists to purchase coverage under TRICARE, the military health insurance program, when not on active duty. DOD intends to set premiums at a level equal to the expected costs of providing TRS benefits. The National Defense Authorization Act for 2007 required GAO to review TRS costs. As discussed with the committees of jurisdiction, GAO comp...
Health Centers And Rural Clinics: State and Federal Implementation Issues for Medicaid's New Payment System
GAO-05-452: Published: Jun 17, 2005. Publicly Released: Jun 17, 2005.
The Medicare, Medicaid, and SCHIP Benefits Improvement and Protection Act of 2000 (BIPA) established a prospective payment system (PPS) for Medicaid payments to Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHC) and Rural Health Clinics (RHC), giving providers a financial incentive to operate efficiently. BIPA requires that BIPA PPS rates be adjusted for inflation and changes in scope of services. States a...
Medicare: Appropriate Dispensing Fee Needed for Suppliers of Inhalation Therapy Drugs
GAO-05-72: Published: Oct 12, 2004. Publicly Released: Oct 12, 2004.
The Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003 (MMA) revised the payment formula for most of the outpatient drugs, including inhalation therapy drugs, covered under Medicare part B. Under the revised formula, effective 2005, Medicare's payment is intended to be closer to acquisition costs. The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), the agency that administers M...
Medicaid and SCHIP: Recent HHS Approvals of Demonstration Waiver Projects Raise Concerns
GAO-02-817: Published: Jul 12, 2002. Publicly Released: Aug 7, 2002.
States provide health care coverage to about 40 million uninsured, low-income adults and children under two federal-state programs--Medicaid and the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP). To receive federal funding, states must meet statutory requirements, including providing certain levels of benefits to specified populations. Under section 1115 of the Social Security Act, the Secreta...