Health care services (61 - 70 of 176 items)
VA and DOD Health Care: Resource Sharing At Selected Sites
GAO-04-792: Published: Jul 21, 2004. Publicly Released: Jul 21, 2004.
Congress has long encouraged the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and the Department of Defense (DOD) to share health resources to promote cost-effective use of health resources and efficient delivery of care. In February 2002, the House Committee on Veterans' Affairs described VA and DOD health care resource sharing activities at nine locations. GAO was asked to describe the health resource sh...
Medicare Dialysis Facilities: Beneficiary Access Stable and Problems in Payment System Being Addressed
GAO-04-450: Published: Jun 25, 2004. Publicly Released: Jun 25, 2004.
Medicare covers about 90 percent of patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), the permanent loss of kidney function. Most ESRD patients receive regular hemodialysis treatments, a process that removes toxins from the blood, at a dialysis facility. A small percentage dialyzes-at home. From 1991 through 2001, the ESRD patient population more than doubled, from about 201,000 to 406,000. As the nee...
Medicaid Nursing Home Payments: States' Payment Rates Largely Unaffected by Recent Fiscal Pressures
GAO-04-143: Published: Oct 17, 2003. Publicly Released: Nov 26, 2003.
Almost half of all Americans over the age of 65 will rely on nursing home care at some point in their lives, and two in three nursing home residents have their care covered at least in part by Medicaid. Under Medicaid, states set nursing home payment rates and the federal government reimburses a share of state spending. According to the most recently available data, Medicaid nursing home expenditu...
Medicare: Modest Eligibility Expansion for Critical Access Hospital Program Should Be Considered
GAO-03-948: Published: Sep 19, 2003. Publicly Released: Sep 19, 2003.
Critical Access Hospitals (CAHs) are small rural hospitals that receive payment for their reasonable costs of providing inpatient and outpatient services to Medicare beneficiaries, rather than being paid fixed amounts under Medicare's prospective payment systems. Between fiscal years 1997 and 2002, 681 hospitals have become CAHs. In the Medicare, Medicaid and SCHIP Benefits Improvement and Protect...
Health Care: Approaches to Address Racial and Ethnic Disparities
GAO-03-862R: Published: Jul 8, 2003. Publicly Released: Aug 5, 2003.
A recent report by the Institute of Medicine, a branch of the National Academy of Sciences, found that racial and ethnic minority groups tend to receive a lower quality of health care than nonminorities, even when access-related factors such as income and insurance coverage are controlled. It concluded that the elimination of racial and ethnic health care disparities is a major challenge in the Un...
Long-Term Care: Federal Oversight of Growing Medicaid Home and Community-Based Waivers Should Be Strengthened
GAO-03-576: Published: Jun 20, 2003. Publicly Released: Jul 7, 2003.
Home and community-based settings have become a growing part of states' Medicaid long-term care programs, serving as an alternative to care in institutional settings, such as nursing homes. To cover such services, however, states often obtain waivers from certain federal statutory requirements. GAO was asked to review (1) trends in states' use of Medicaid home and community-based service (HCBS) wa...
VA Health Care: Contract Labor Cost Analysis in RAND Study
GAO-03-579R: Published: Jun 30, 2003. Publicly Released: Jun 30, 2003.
The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) spent about $23 billion to provide health care to over 4 million veterans in fiscal year 2002. To provide this care, VA relied primarily on its own employees, totaling about 190,000. VA also used contract employees, sometimes referred to as contract labor, to provide these services. In response to the requirements of the Federal Activities Inventory Reform A...
Highlights of a GAO Symposium: Addressing Key Challenges in an Intergovernmental Setting
GAO-03-365SP: Published: Mar 31, 2003. Publicly Released: Mar 31, 2003.
Responding to many of the nation's critical challenges--such as meeting the health care needs of the poor or countering terrorist threats--has been the joint responsibility of all levels of government. The effectiveness of federal programs has increasingly become dependent on state and local management and resources, as well as constructive interactions between federal, state, and local actors, in...
Skilled Nursing Facilities: Available Data Show Average Nursing Staff Time Changed Little after Medicare Payment Increase
GAO-03-176: Published: Nov 13, 2002. Publicly Released: Nov 13, 2002.
The nation's 15,000 skilled nursing facilities (SNF) play an essential role in our health care system, providing Medicare-covered skilled nursing and rehabilitative care each year for 1.4 million Medicare patients who have recently been discharged from acute care hospitals. In recent years, many analysts and other observers, including members of Congress, have expressed concern about the level of...
Nursing Homes: Quality of Care More Related to Staffing than Spending
GAO-02-431R: Published: Jun 13, 2002. Publicly Released: Jul 15, 2002.
Costs for nursing home care have almost doubled since 1990, from $53 billion to $92 billion in 2000. Much of that spending has been financed with public monies. Under the Medicare and Medicaid programs, the federal government financed 39 percent of the nation's nursing home spending in 2000, up from 28 percent in 1990. As federal outlays have grown, Congress has focused attention on the quality of...