Children (1 - 10 of 171 items)
Foster Care: HHS Has Taken Steps to Support States' Oversight of Psychotropic Medications, but Additional Assistance Could Further Collaboration
GAO-17-129: Published: Jan 5, 2017. Publicly Released: Feb 6, 2017.
State child welfare and Medicaid officials in seven selected states reported a variety of practices to support the appropriate use of psychotropic medications, which affect mood, thought, or behavior, for children in foster care. Practices include screening for mental health conditions, developing prescription guidelines, and monitoring a child's health while on medication. Additional state effort...
Newborn Screening Timeliness: Most States Had Not Met Screening Goals, but Some Are Developing Strategies to Address Barriers
GAO-17-196: Published: Dec 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 15, 2016.
Most states that reported timeliness data had not screened newborns within recommended goals to detect conditions that may require treatment. The Department of Health and Human Services' (HHS) Advisory Committee on Heritable Disorders in Newborns and Children recommended time-frame goals in 2015 for newborn screening, such as reporting all results within 7 days of birth. Data provided by 38 states...
Youth with Autism: Roundtable Views of Services Needed During the Transition into Adulthood
GAO-17-109: Published: Oct 18, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2016.
Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) transitioning to adulthood may need a wide range of services and supports to help them achieve their goals, according to a panel GAO convened in March 2016. ASD is a highly individualized condition with characteristics that vary in degree and type from person to person. Autism characteristics may hinder or help youth achieve their goals—such as postsecon...
Medicaid Fee-For-Service: State Resources Vary for Helping Beneficiaries Find Providers
GAO-16-809: Published: Aug 29, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 29, 2016.
According to the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), as of July 2014, over 40 percent of nearly 71 million Medicaid beneficiaries were in fee-for-service (FFS) arrangements—traditional FFS and primary care case management—in which participating providers are paid for each delivered service (e.g., an office visit, test, or procedure). The percentage of beneficiaries in FFS arrangeme...
Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: Existing Federal Efforts to Increase Awareness Should Be Improved
GAO-16-645: Published: Jun 30, 2016. Publicly Released: Aug 1, 2016.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimated that 513,000 women and girls in the United States were at risk of or had been subjected to female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) in 2012, a threefold increase from its 1990 estimate. CDC attributes this change primarily to increased immigration from countries where FGM/C is practiced, rather than an increase in the occurrence of FG...
Federal Autism Activities: Agencies Are Encouraging Early Identification and Providing Services, and Recent Actions Could Improve Coordination
GAO-16-446: Published: May 20, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 20, 2016.
Federal agencies have taken various actions to encourage early autism identification and interventions, such as specifically soliciting research in these areas. From fiscal year 2012 through fiscal year 2015, the departments of Defense (DOD), Education, and Health and Human Services (HHS), awarded about $395 million for research on early identification and interventions for autism.Federal programs...
Provider Networks: Comparison of Child-Focused Network Adequacy Standards between CHIP and Private Health Plans
GAO-16-219: Published: Feb 5, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 7, 2016.
Broad federal provider network adequacy standards apply to health plans in the joint federal-state State Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) and to qualified health plans (QHP)—private health plans offered on health insurance exchanges. These standards measure the adequacy of the networks of physicians, hospitals, and other providers participating in each plan. The five selected states GA...
Rare Diseases: Too Early to Gauge Effectiveness of FDA's Pediatric Voucher Program
GAO-16-319: Published: Mar 2, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 2, 2016.
It is too early to gauge whether the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) pediatric voucher program has stimulated the development of drugs to treat or prevent rare pediatric diseases. Given that the typical drug development process often exceeds a decade, insufficient time has elapsed to determine whether the 3 year-old program has been effective. Any drug sponsors motivated by the program to att...
Unaccompanied Children: HHS Can Improve Monitoring of Their Care
GAO-16-429T: Published: Feb 23, 2016. Publicly Released: Feb 23, 2016.
In fiscal year 2014, nearly 57,500 children traveling without their parents or guardians (referred to as unaccompanied children) were apprehended and transferred to the care of the Department of Health and Human Services' Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR). Most of these children were from Central America. GAO found that ORR was initially unprepared to care for that many children; however, the a...
Unaccompanied Children: HHS Can Take Further Actions to Monitor Their Care
GAO-16-180: Published: Feb 5, 2016. Publicly Released: Feb 22, 2016.
In fiscal year 2014, nearly 57,500 children traveling without their parents or guardians (referred to as unaccompanied children) were apprehended by federal immigration officers and transferred to the care of the Department of Health and Human Services' Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR). Most of these children were from Central America. GAO found that ORR was initially unprepared to care for th...