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Health Care (131 - 140 of 4,934 items)
DOD and VA Health Care: Actions Needed to Help Ensure Appropriate Medication Continuation and Prescribing Practices
GAO-16-158: Published: Jan 5, 2016. Publicly Released: Jan 5, 2016.
The Department of Defense (DOD) and the Department of Veterans Affairs' (VA) Veterans Health Administration (VHA) have collaborated to develop clinical practice guidelines for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and mild traumatic brain injury (TBI). The mild TBI guideline does not include recommendations based on scientific evidence regarding the use of medications to treat symptoms because of...
Defense Health Care: Research on Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy to Treat Traumatic Brain Injury and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
GAO-16-154: Published: Dec 18, 2015. Publicly Released: Dec 18, 2015.
GAO identified 32 peer-reviewed, published articles on research about the use of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO2) therapy to treat traumatic brain injury (TBI) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), most of which were focused solely on TBI (29 articles). The 32 articles consisted of 7 case reports (reports on the treatment of individuals), 10 literature reviews (reviews of studies), and 15 articles...
Medicare: Increasing Hospital-Physician Consolidation Highlights Need for Payment Reform
GAO-16-189: Published: Dec 18, 2015. Publicly Released: Dec 18, 2015.
Vertical consolidation is a financial arrangement that occurs when a hospital acquires a physician practice and/or hires physicians to work as salaried employees. The number of vertically consolidated hospitals and physicians increased from 2007 through 2013. Specifically, the number of vertically consolidated hospitals increased from about 1,400 to 1,700, while the number of vertically consolidat...
Air Travel and Communicable Diseases: Comprehensive Federal Plan Needed for U.S. Aviation System's Preparedness
GAO-16-127: Published: Dec 16, 2015. Publicly Released: Dec 16, 2015.
All of the 14 airports and 3 airlines GAO reviewed have plans for responding to communicable disease threats from abroad, although the United States lacks a comprehensive national aviation-preparedness plan aimed at preventing and containing the spread of diseases through air travel. U.S. airports and airlines are not required to have individual preparedness plans, and no federal agency tracks whi...
Medicaid Financing: Questionnaire Data on States' Methods for Financing Medicaid Payments from 2008 through 2012 (GAO-15-227SP, March 2015), an E-supplement to GAO-14-627 [Reissued on December 7, 2015]
GAO-15-227SP: Published: Mar 13, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 13, 2015.
This e-publication supplements our report, GAO-14-627, by presenting comprehensive results of a GAO web-based questionnaire on state methods for financing Medicaid payments, which was fielded to all 50 states and the District of Columbia between July 2013 and November 2013.The questionnaire collected information on states' use of seven different sources of funds to finance the nonfederal share of...
Centers of Excellence: DOD and VA Need Better Documentation of Oversight Procedures
GAO-16-54: Published: Dec 2, 2015. Publicly Released: Dec 2, 2015.
The Department of Defense (DOD) has developed criteria to designate an entity as a Defense Center of Excellence (COE), but the Department of Veterans Affairs' (VA) Veterans Health Administration (VHA) has not. Health-focused COEs are intended to bring together treatment, research, and education to support health provider competencies; identify gaps in medical research and coordinate research effor...
Nursing Home Quality: CMS Should Continue to Improve Data and Oversight
GAO-16-33: Published: Oct 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 30, 2015.
In recent years, trends in four key sets of data that give insight into nursing home quality show mixed results, and data issues complicate the ability to assess quality trends. Nationally, one of the four data sets—consumer complaints—suggests that consumers' concerns over quality have increased, while the other three data sets—deficiencies, staffing levels, and clinical quality measures—...
Medicare Part B: Expenditures for New Drugs Concentrated among a Few Drugs, and Most Were Costly for Beneficiaries
GAO-16-12: Published: Oct 23, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 20, 2015.
New Medicare Part B drugs were more likely than new drugs not paid under Part B to be biologics, that is, products derived from living sources; be approved to treat a narrower range of conditions; and to have used a Food and Drug Administration (FDA) program to expedite their development and review. Sixty-one percent of the 83 new Part B drugs approved by FDA from 2006 through 2013 were biologics,...
End-Stage Renal Disease: Medicare Payment Refinements Could Promote Increased Use of Home Dialysis
GAO-16-125: Published: Oct 15, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 16, 2015.
The percentage of dialysis patients who received home dialysis generally declined between 1988 and 2008 and then slightly increased thereafter through 2012, and stakeholder estimates suggest that future increases in the use of home dialysis are possible. Dialysis patients can receive treatments at home or in a facility. In 1988, 16 percent of 104,200 dialysis patients received home dialysis. Home...
Climate Change: HHS Could Take Further Steps to Enhance Understanding of Public Health Risks
GAO-16-122: Published: Oct 5, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 3, 2015.
Federal agencies are enhancing understanding of climate-related risks to public health by (1) supporting and conducting research, (2) providing data and informational resources, and (3) communicating about risks. The Department of Health and Human Services’ (HHS) National Institutes of Health (NIH) supports a portfolio of research directly related to these risks. NIH reports awarding about $6 mi...