Internal controls (11 - 20 of 1,219 items)
Capitol Police Board: Fully Incorporating Leading Governance Practices Would Help Enhance Accountability, Transparency, and External Communication
GAO-17-112: Published: Feb 7, 2017. Publicly Released: Feb 7, 2017.
The Capitol Police Board (Board) has wide-ranging responsibilities and according to experts with knowledge of law enforcement oversight bodies, like civilian oversight boards, the Board's scope is unique by comparison. For example, the Board has authority for security decisions, as well as certain human capital and personnel matters, including the approval of officer terminations.In 2013, the Boar...
Union Activities: VA Could Better Track the Amount of Official Time Used by Employees
GAO-17-105: Published: Jan 24, 2017. Publicly Released: Feb 3, 2017.
The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) cannot accurately track the amount of work time employees spend on union representational activities, referred to as official time, agency-wide because it does not have a standardized way for its facilities to record and calculate official time. Specifically:Recording official time —VA uses two separate time and attendance systems that capture official ti...
2020 CENSUS: Additional Actions Could Strengthen Field Data Collection Efforts
GAO-17-191: Published: Jan 26, 2017. Publicly Released: Jan 26, 2017.
The Census Bureau (Bureau) recently completed its 2016 Census Test in Los Angeles County, California, and Harris County, Texas. One primary focus of the test was to assess the methodology for non-response follow-up (NRFU), where enumerators personally visit households that do not self-respond to the census. GAO found that during the 2016 Census Test, NRFU generally proceeded according to the Burea...
Grants Management: Selected Agencies Should Clarify Merit-Based Award Criteria and Provide Guidance for Reviewing Potentially Duplicative Awards
GAO-17-113: Published: Jan 12, 2017. Publicly Released: Jan 12, 2017.
GAO found that all 6 selected subagencies in the Departments of the Interior (Interior), Health and Human Services (HHS), and Agriculture (USDA) applied a risk assessment review before making final grant award decisions for the 19 grant programs examined, as required by the Office of Management and Budget's (OMB) Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Fed...
Terrorism Risk Insurance: Market Challenges May Exist for Current Structure and Alternative Approaches
GAO-17-62: Published: Jan 12, 2017. Publicly Released: Jan 12, 2017.
Under the Terrorism Risk Insurance Act's (TRIA) current structure, insurers manage their terrorism exposure to cover their share of losses and not the federal share of losses, which may be recouped from policyholders after an event. Specifically, insurers do not assume the risk of the federal share of potential losses and, thus, do not consider the potential federal share of losses in how they man...
Permanent Funding Authorities: Some Selected Entities Should Review Financial Management, Oversight, and Transparency Policies
GAO-17-59: Published: Dec 9, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 9, 2016.
Permanent authorities to collect and obligate fees, fines, penalties and other funds without further congressional action vary in the degree to which Congress retains control over collections and obligations or delegates control to the entities that administer them. For the purposes of this report, GAO refers to these legal authorities as permanent funding authorities. GAO examined five case studi...
Data Act: OMB and Treasury Have Issued Additional Guidance and Have Improved Pilot Design but Implementation Challenges Remain
GAO-17-156: Published: Dec 8, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 8, 2016.
Data governance and the transition to the new administration. Consistent with a July 2015 GAO recommendation to establish clear policies and processes that follow leading practices for data governance under the Digital Accountability and Transparency Act of 2014 (DATA Act), the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and the Department of the Treasury (Treasury) have taken the initial step of conve...
Army Corps of Engineers: Better Guidance Could Improve Corps' Information on Water Resources Projects Undertaken by Nonfederal Sponsors
GAO-17-97: Published: Dec 6, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 6, 2016.
Authorities that allow nonfederal sponsors to undertake federal water resources projects, including feasibility studies and construction projects, have been included in various federal statutes since 1968. Until June 2014, when Congress enacted the Water Resources Reform and Development Act, five federal statutory authorities allowed nonfederal sponsors to undertake studies or construction of fede...
Enterprise Risk Management: Selected Agencies' Experiences Illustrate Good Practices in Managing Risk
GAO-17-63: Published: Dec 1, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 1, 2016.
Enterprise Risk Management (ERM) is a forward-looking management approach that allows agencies to assess threats and opportunities that could affect the achievement of its goals. While there are a number of different frameworks for ERM, the figure below lists essential elements for an agency to carry out ERM effectively. GAO reviewed its risk management framework and incorporated changes to better...
Whistleblower Protection: Additional Actions Would Improve Recording and Reporting of Appeals Data
GAO-17-110: Published: Nov 28, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 28, 2016.
Of the two types of whistleblower appeals—individual right of action (IRA) and otherwise appealable action (OAA)—Merit Systems Protection Board (MSPB) data show higher numbers of IRA appeals received by MSPB after enactment of the Whistleblower Protection Enhancement Act of 2012 (WPEA). In an IRA appeal, an individual has been subject to a personnel action, such as a reassignment, and claims t...