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Government Operations (51 - 60 of 8,518 items)
Public Relations Spending: Reported Data on Related Federal Activities
GAO-16-877R: Published: Sep 30, 2016. Publicly Released: Oct 5, 2016.
Federal obligations for advertising and public relations contracts have on average been close to $1 billion annually over the past decade, ranging from a low of about $800 million in fiscal year 2012 to a high of about $1.3 billion in fiscal year 2009, according to data from the Federal Procurement Data System-Next Generation (FPDS-NG). Obligations for these contracts are concentrated among a few...
Office of Personnel Management: Actions Are Needed to Help Ensure the Completeness of Political Conversion Data and Adherence to Policy
GAO-16-859: Published: Sep 30, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 2016.
Of the 30 agencies GAO reviewed, 28 reported converting 69 individuals from political to career positions from January 1, 2010, to October 1, 2015. The other two agencies reported making no conversions during this time.Of the agencies that implemented political conversions during the review period, eight agencies implemented 17 conversions without receiving prior approval from the Office of Person...
Federal Research Grants: Opportunities Remain for Agencies to Streamline Administrative Requirements
GAO-16-890T: Published: Sep 29, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 29, 2016.
Administrative requirements for federal research grants include (1) Office of Management and Budget (OMB) government-wide grant requirements for protecting against waste, fraud, and abuse of funds and (2) agency-specific requirements generally for promoting the quality and effectiveness of federally funded research. For example, OMB requires grantees to maintain records sufficient to detail the hi...
Federal Workforce: Lessons Learned for Engaging Millennials and Other Age Groups
GAO-16-880T: Published: Sep 29, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 29, 2016.
Employees 39 years of age and younger represented approximately 45 percent of the United States employed civilian labor force and about 30 percent of the civilian federal workforce in fiscal year 2014. This group includes the millennial generation. The percent of millennials within the federal workforce varies by agency and agencies that have high rates of retirement eligibility also tend to have...
Delegated Leasing Authority: Review of Selected Leases and Information on GSA's Changes to Delegation Procedures
GAO-16-716R: Published: Sep 27, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 27, 2016.
GAO reviewed leases executed by four federal agencies using a delegation of authority from the General Services Administration (GSA) and determined that 42 of 45 leases complied with a selected set of requirements. The remaining 3 leases, all from the United States Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), met 4 of the 5 requirements. GAO raised questions about the scope of the contracting officers’ au...
International Mail: Information on Designated Postal Operators and Universal Service in Selected Countries
GAO-16-813R: Published: Sep 26, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 26, 2016.
Based on the information GAO obtained about postal service in 10 selected countries, 9 of the 10 countries formally selected their current designated postal operator either directly or indirectly via statute. All 10 countries have one postal operator registered with the Universal Postal Union (UPU).All 10 countries include similar elements in their definitions of the universal service obligation,...
Federal Real Property: Efforts Made, but Challenges Remain in Reducing Unneeded Facilities
GAO-16-869T: Published: Sep 23, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 23, 2016.
Since 2012, the administration has taken steps to reform real property management and address the long-standing challenge of reducing excess and underutilized property. For example, in 2015, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) issued government-wide guidance—the National Strategy for the Efficient Use of Real Property—which GAO found in 2016 could help agencies strategically manage real...
Earthquakes: Additional Actions Needed to Identify and Mitigate Risks to Federal Buildings and Implement an Early Warning System
GAO-16-680: Published: Aug 31, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 22, 2016.
The four cities GAO visited (see figure) have taken various actions to assess and mitigate seismic risks, including identifying and assessing their high risk buildings, structurally retrofitting buildings, and requiring that furnishings and nonstructural components be secured, among other things.Figure: Select Cities on 2014 Earthquake Shaking MapNote: A 2 percent in 50 years probability equates t...
Equal Employment Opportunity: Strengthening Oversight Could Improve Federal Contractor Nondiscrimination Compliance
GAO-16-750: Published: Sep 22, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 22, 2016.
Since 2010, most compliance evaluations conducted by the Department of Labor's (DOL) Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs (OFCCP) of federal supply and service contractors identified no violations; however, the methods used may not focus evaluations on contractors posing the greatest risk. OFCCP relies on compliance evaluations to detect equal employment violations by federal contractors...
Intellectual Property: Patent Office Has Opportunities to Further Improve Application Review and Patent Quality [Reissued on September 21, 2016]
GAO-16-883T: Published: Sep 16, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 16, 2016.
U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) examiners face a variety of challenges in reviewing patent applications and issuing high quality patents. Some challenges affect examiners' ability to complete a thorough review of information relevant to a claimed invention—or a “prior art” search—which is the most time consuming aspect of examining a patent application. For example, the amount and...