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Government Operations (31 - 40 of 8,519 items)
Declining Resources: Selected Agencies Took Steps to Minimize Effects on Mission but Opportunities Exist for Additional Action
GAO-17-79: Published: Dec 20, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 20, 2016.
The three selected agencies GAO reviewed for this report—the Employment and Training Administration (ETA), Federal Law Enforcement Training Centers (FLETC), and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)—each took a number of different approaches to manage declining resources that aligned with the three key themes outlined in GAO's framework. For example:Top Management Should Lead Efforts to Ma...
Permanent Funding Authorities: Some Selected Entities Should Review Financial Management, Oversight, and Transparency Policies
GAO-17-59: Published: Dec 9, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 9, 2016.
Permanent authorities to collect and obligate fees, fines, penalties and other funds without further congressional action vary in the degree to which Congress retains control over collections and obligations or delegates control to the entities that administer them. For the purposes of this report, GAO refers to these legal authorities as permanent funding authorities. GAO examined five case studi...
DATA Act: Implementation Progresses but Challenges Remain
GAO-17-282T: Published: Dec 8, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 8, 2016.
The Office of Management and Budget (OMB), the Department of the Treasury (Treasury), and federal agencies have taken steps to implement the Digital Accountability and Transparency Act of 2014 (DATA Act); however, more work is needed for effective implementation.Data governance and the transition to a new administration. OMB and Treasury have established a new Data Standards Committee responsible...
Data Act: OMB and Treasury Have Issued Additional Guidance and Have Improved Pilot Design but Implementation Challenges Remain
GAO-17-156: Published: Dec 8, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 8, 2016.
Data governance and the transition to the new administration. Consistent with a July 2015 GAO recommendation to establish clear policies and processes that follow leading practices for data governance under the Digital Accountability and Transparency Act of 2014 (DATA Act), the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and the Department of the Treasury (Treasury) have taken the initial step of conve...
Federal Building Management: Building Disposal Authorities Provide Varying Degrees of Flexibility and Opportunities for Use
GAO-17-123: Published: Dec 8, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 8, 2016.
Twenty civilian federal entities reported they have at least one statutory authority that allows them to dispose of federally owned buildings under their control. Fifteen entities reported the authority to retain proceeds from building disposals. However, most of these federal entities reported limited use of their independent authorities during fiscal years 2011 through 2015. Seven entities that...
State and Local Governments' Fiscal Outlook: 2016 Update
GAO-17-213SP: Published: Dec 8, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 8, 2016.
GAO’s State and Local Fiscal SimulationsFiscal sustainability presents a national challenge shared by all levels of government. GAO’s simulations of long-term fiscal trends in the state and local government sector—published since 2007—have consistently shown that state and local governments face long-term fiscal pressures driven largely by the rising health-related costs of Medicaid and th...
Army Corps of Engineers: Better Guidance Could Improve Corps' Information on Water Resources Projects Undertaken by Nonfederal Sponsors
GAO-17-97: Published: Dec 6, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 6, 2016.
Authorities that allow nonfederal sponsors to undertake federal water resources projects, including feasibility studies and construction projects, have been included in various federal statutes since 1968. Until June 2014, when Congress enacted the Water Resources Reform and Development Act, five federal statutory authorities allowed nonfederal sponsors to undertake studies or construction of fede...
American Samoa: Alternatives for Raising Minimum Wages to Keep Pace with the Cost of Living and Reach the Federal Level
GAO-17-83: Published: Dec 2, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 2, 2016.
Federal legislation passed in 2007 created a schedule of periodic increases to minimum wages in American Samoa. During the previous 50 years, special industry committees had periodically recommended industry-specific minimum wages. Historically, minimum wages in the U.S. territory have generally remained below the federal minimum wage (see fig.). The current schedule of increases would raise all A...
Enterprise Risk Management: Selected Agencies' Experiences Illustrate Good Practices in Managing Risk
GAO-17-63: Published: Dec 1, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 1, 2016.
Enterprise Risk Management (ERM) is a forward-looking management approach that allows agencies to assess threats and opportunities that could affect the achievement of its goals. While there are a number of different frameworks for ERM, the figure below lists essential elements for an agency to carry out ERM effectively. GAO reviewed its risk management framework and incorporated changes to better...
Federal Fees, Fines, and Penalties: Observations on Agency Spending Authorities
GAO-17-268T: Published: Dec 1, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 1, 2016.
GAO's prior work has identified four key design decisions related to how fee, fine, and penalty collections are used that help Congress balance agency flexibility and congressional control.Key Design Decisions for Use of CollectionsOne of these key design decisions is the congressional action that triggers the use of collections. The table below outlines the range of structures that establish an a...