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Government Operations (61 - 70 of 8,519 items)
Equal Employment Opportunity: Strengthening Oversight Could Improve Federal Contractor Nondiscrimination Compliance
GAO-16-750: Published: Sep 22, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 22, 2016.
Since 2010, most compliance evaluations conducted by the Department of Labor's (DOL) Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs (OFCCP) of federal supply and service contractors identified no violations; however, the methods used may not focus evaluations on contractors posing the greatest risk. OFCCP relies on compliance evaluations to detect equal employment violations by federal contractors...
Intellectual Property: Patent Office Has Opportunities to Further Improve Application Review and Patent Quality [Reissued on September 21, 2016]
GAO-16-883T: Published: Sep 16, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 16, 2016.
U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) examiners face a variety of challenges in reviewing patent applications and issuing high quality patents. Some challenges affect examiners' ability to complete a thorough review of information relevant to a claimed invention—or a “prior art” search—which is the most time consuming aspect of examining a patent application. For example, the amount and...
Tiered Evidence Grants: Opportunities Exist to Share Lessons from Early Implementation and Inform Future Federal Efforts
GAO-16-818: Published: Sep 21, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 21, 2016.
Tiered evidence grants are a new policy tool federal agencies are using to incorporate evidence of effectiveness into grantmaking. Under this approach, agencies establish tiers of grant funding based on the level of evidence grantees provide on their models for providing social, educational, health, or other services. Smaller awards are used to test new and innovative service models; larger awards...
Federal Chief Information Security Officers: Opportunities Exist to Improve Roles and Address Challenges to Authority
GAO-16-686: Published: Aug 26, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 15, 2016.
Under the Federal Information Security Modernization Act of 2014 (FISMA 2014), the agency chief information security officer (CISO) has the responsibility to ensure that the agency is meeting the requirements of the law, including developing, documenting, and implementing the agency-wide information security program. However, 13 of the 24 agencies GAO reviewed had not fully defined the role of the...
Federal Employees' Compensation Act: DOD Access to DOL Data Is Generally Sufficient, but Monitoring Timelines Could Help Return-to-Work Efforts
GAO-16-793: Published: Sep 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 15, 2016.
The Department of Defense's (DOD) 47,340 civilian employees who filed claims under the Federal Employees' Compensation Act (FECA) made up 17 percent of FECA claimants in 2015, and DOD total-disability beneficiaries (i.e., with no capacity to work) were generally older than those from the rest of government. About 35 percent of DOD beneficiaries received medical benefits only, and 31 percent receiv...
Digital Service Programs: Assessing Results and Coordinating with Chief Information Officers Can Improve Delivery of Federal Projects
GAO-16-602: Published: Aug 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 14, 2016.
The General Service Administration's (GSA) 18F and Office of Management and Budget's (OMB) U.S. Digital Service (USDS) have provided a variety of services to agencies supporting their information technology (IT) efforts. Specifically, 18F staff helped 18 agencies with 32 projects and generally provided development and consulting services, including software development solutions and acquisition co...
Information Technology: Better Management of Interdependencies between Programs Supporting 2020 Census Is Needed
GAO-16-623: Published: Aug 9, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 8, 2016.
The three selected Census Enterprise Data Collection and Processing (CEDCAP) projects (of 12 total) in GAO's review partially met best practices for monitoring and controlling. For example, the projects fully met the best practice of establishing a process for taking corrective actions if issues are identified, but they did not fully meet the practice of identifying significant performance deviati...
Federal Hiring: OPM Needs to Improve Management and Oversight of Hiring Authorities
GAO-16-521: Published: Aug 2, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 1, 2016.
A hiring authority is the law, executive order, or regulation that allows an agency to hire a person into the federal civil service. Of the 105 hiring authorities used in fiscal year 2014, agencies relied on 20 for 91 percent of the 196,226 new appointments made that year. Office of Personnel Management (OPM) officials said they do not know if agencies rely on a small number of authorities because...
Federal Real Property: Public-Private Partnerships Have a Limited Role in Disposal and Management of Unneeded Property
GAO-16-776R: Published: Aug 30, 2016. Publicly Released: Aug 30, 2016.
Federal and state agencies have used public-private partnerships to dispose of unneeded property to a limited extent. General Services Administration (GSA) officials stated that public-private partnerships are explored on a case-by-case basis along with other options for disposing of a federal property and that partnerships are considered for fewer than 10 cases each year. While partnerships can t...
Performance.gov: Long-Term Strategy Needed to Improve Website Usability
GAO-16-693: Published: Aug 30, 2016. Publicly Released: Aug 30, 2016.
The Office of Management and Budget (OMB), General Services Administration (GSA), and the Performance Improvement Council (PIC) took several steps to improve the usefulness of Performance.gov, a website intended to serve as the public window to the federal government's goals and performance. However, their actions do not fully meet selected Digitalgov.gov requirements for federal websites (which a...